Razman M.R.,Research Center for Sustainability Science and Governance |
Mohamad R.J.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
Syed Zakaria S.Z.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
Amisah M.A.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
Ramli Z.,National University of Malaysia
Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment | Year: 2015
Sustainable development is very essential to protect the environmental surroundings as well as for the better living environment for mankind. One of the international law that adopted the principle of protecting the environment is Montreal Protocol, which is one of the successful international environmental laws. Montreal Protocol managed to seek international environmental cooperation among almost all of the states in the world. Several values that supported the sustainable development have been incorporated, compromised and negotiated throughout the implementation of Montreal Protocol at the national level in Malaysia. This ideas and values towards sustainable development have been incorporated in the implementation process assisted in successful of Montreal Protocol’s implementation in Malaysia. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study was to explain the influence of financial and technical incentives (focusing on ideas and values towards sustainable development) during the early stage of negotiations that build up the international environmental cooperation in the Montreal Protocol. Meanwhile, the methods of this study were based on qualitative set up, which is based on the meetings’ proceeding reports of the Montreal Protocol. Finally, the results potentially provide with better understanding of the influence of financial and technical incentives (focusing on ideas and values towards sustainable development) in implementation of the Montreal Protocol based on Malaysia experiences. © 2015, World Food Ltd. and WFL Publishers. All rights reserved.
Sustainability for better living environment of the environmental consumer: Study on international law and governance by focusing the interest approach in the montreal protocol through harmonising the principle of transboundary liability
Razman M.R.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
Jahi J.M.,Institute ofthe Malay World and Civilization ATMA |
Arifin K.,National University of Malaysia |
Hadi A.S.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
And 6 more authors.
Research Journal of Applied Sciences | Year: 2011
The international environmental law principle on transboundary liability plays an important role in sustainability for better living environment of the environmental conswner. The application of the international environmental law principle on transboundary liability for consumer to enjoy better living environment is largely in respond to the inevitability of every conswner to protect hislher rights on living environment from being polluted. Therefore, this research examines the used of the international environmental law principle on transboundary liability in sustainability for better living environment of the consumer from the international legal scientific approach by identifying actions and cases which deal with environmental protection. This research is also identifying the relation between the international environmental law principle on transboundary liability and Rio Declaration as a means to sustain for better living environment of the consumer. Rio Declaration has laid down essential obligations which contribute the growth and the development of the sustainability for better living environment of the consumer. Finally, the preliminary findings indicate that the influence of interest approach in the international environmental law and governance is rather an important aspect to promote and persuade states around the globe to participate in the Montreal Protocol for the purpose to protect global environment by taking into consideration of the principle of transboundary liability in order to control world emissions of pollution as well as to sustain quality of life for the consumer. These actions are to ensure the sustainability for better living environment. © Medwell Journals, 2011.
Begum R.A.,Institute for Environment and Development LESTARI |
Begum R.A.,National University of Malaysia |
Komoo I.,National University of Malaysia |
Pereira J.J.,National University of Malaysia
Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences | Year: 2012
There has been an increasing trend in the occurrence of natural disasters and it is expected that climate change will aggravate the devastating impacts of disasters. Several effective strategies particularly through the application of green technologies could be used to strength resilience for both of disaster and climate change. This article attempts to show the connection of green technology strategy and disaster risk reduction as well as the extent that green technologies can offer risk management benefits. Discussion of linking green technology and disaster risk reduction are based on a comprehensive review of literatures and informative sources that includes definition and types of natural disaster, frequency and types of disasters in Malaysia as well as literatures and evidences related to green technology (energy efficient and renewable energy) strategy and disaster risk reduction. Green technologies can offer risk management benefits for insurance industry to expand their involvement in the green technology marketplaces. This connection provides a multiple achievements by reducing disaster vulnerability and impacts, tackling climate change by reducing GHG emissions and safeguarding economic growth and development. This article also provides examples of ways and opportunities in which insurance and risk management industries have already or can be involved in the green technology marketplaces. However, for the case of Malaysian insurance and risk management industries, there is a great prospect and lot of rooms to be involved in the development and promotion of green technologies that would be an opportunity for reducing vulnerabilities from disaster as well as accelerating green and energy related policy objectives and market transformation. With the potentials of business and innovation opportunity of green technology development including low price of manufacturing and services and traditional knowledge and processes, Malaysia could be a regional hub in developing green investment market.