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Crawled News Article
Site: http://www.aweablog.org

Real-world data shows wind energy supplies diverse, far-reaching benefits for consumers and communities across the United States. It offers an affordable, reliable solution that diversifies our energy mix while eliminating many forms of harmful pollution. Wind’s costs have fallen 66% over the last six years, and wind power supports over 73,000 well-paying American jobs. Growing wind grows our economy. Despite all these benefits, the anti-renewable energy special interest group Institute for Energy Research continues to attack wind energy using error-ridden, false claims. Its latest attack piece re-hashes a previous report already debunked two years ago. As we explained at that time, this attack ignores the numerous ways in which wind energy provides large benefits in all states: Leaders from utilities and state regulators whose consumers benefit from inter-state wind energy purchases have confirmed wind’s role in helping to cut costs: To summarize, this is nothing new. This anti-renewable energy group may continue to attack American-supported wind power and policies advancing its growth, but its attacks aren’t credible. Extending the performance-based Production Tax Credit this year will continue to help drive cost-cutting innovation, deliver more of wind’s consumer benefits to all corners of the country and keep the U.S. number one in the world in wind energy production.

Chang Y.,P.A. College | Jiang W.,Institute for Energy Research | Zhang M.,Institute for Energy Research | Zhou Y.,State Key Laboratory of Coal ConversionInstitute of Coal Chemistry
AIChE Journal

The selectivity for sulfur removal from oils is an important topic. In this work, the selectivity for different sulfur removal methods has been studied by conceptual density functional theory (CDFT) at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2p) level of theory. In principle, the selectivity is directly related to the mechanisms of sulfur removal. It cannot be precisely elucidated until the mechanisms are totally known. However, current work shows that relationships can be constructed between CDFT and the selectivity. That is, for hydrodesulfurization, good descriptors will be ionization energy, hardness, and bond lengths of S-C; for adsorptive desulfurization, the hardness is a good descriptor; for oxidative desulfurization, good descriptors are electron density and Fukui function. And for extractive desulfurization (nonmetal-based ionic liquids), electron affinity and electrophilicity may be good descriptors. In addition, structures and frontier orbitals of various sulfides have also been discussed. It is hoped that these relationships between CDFT and selectivity can give useful information to develop highly efficient sulfur removal methods for specific sulfides, like 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene, and 4-methyldibenzothiophene. © 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Source

Bradley Jr. R.L.,Institute for Energy Research | Donway R.,Institute for Energy Research
Independent Review

The capitalist emphasis on unrestricted economic activity leads many authors to conceptualize the system according to what justifies such a ban on restrictions. Socialism is usually defined as a political-economic system in which government owns the means of production. Properly considered, however, welfare policies deal with a sociopolitical arrangement entirely separate from the ownership and control of productive resources under examination here. The most direct analysis would say that elected and appointed officials are controlled largely by themselves and act for their own interests. A second interpretation of the third way holds that public officials actually do regulate the economy according to the general population's wishes, not according to some self-determined national interest. A fourfold political-economic classification system emerges from the dimensions of property ownership and control. Capitalism is the system in which ownership and control are largely private, socialism the system in which they are largely public. Source

Bradley Jr. R.L.,Institute for Energy Research | Donway R.,Institute for Energy Research
Independent Review

Gabriel Kolko is considered as a leading historian who offered a revisionist interpretation of the business-government relationship in America during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He resurrected the term political capitalism to designate business's use of government in place of free-market competition. Libertarians, adopting anti-Establishment and anti-conservative attitudes during the 1960s, quickly adopted Kolko's theses as an alternative to the then-regnant Progressive historians' views. Kolko's class-oriented theoretical framework contradicted the libertarian acceptance of methodological individualism. His concept of 'political capitalism' combined actions that defended individual rights and actions that violated individual rights. And much of his evidence that businessmen advocated regulations seems less compelling when subjected to closer scrutiny. Source

Di J.,Institute for Energy Research | Xia J.,Institute for Energy Research | Ji M.,Institute for Energy Research | Wang B.,Institute for Energy Research | And 5 more authors.
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

In this paper, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) modified BiOCl ultrathin nanosheets photocatalyst was synthesized via a facile solvothermal method. The structures, morphologies, optical properties, and photocatalytic properties were investigated in detail. The photocatalytic activity of the obtained CQDs modified BiOCl ultrathin nanosheets photocatalyst was evaluated by the degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) and rhodamine B (RhB) under ultraviolet, visible, and near-infrared light irradiation. The CQDs/BiOCl materials exhibited significantly enhanced photocatalytic performance as compared with pure BiOCl and the 5 wt % CQDs/BiOCl materials displayed the best performance, which showed a broad spectrum of photocatalytic degradation activity. The main active species were determined to be hole and O2•- under visible light irradiation by electron spin resonance (ESR) analysis, XPS valence spectra, and free radicals trapping experiments. The crucial role of CQDs for the improved photocatalytic activity was mainly attributed to the superior electron transfer ability, enhanced light harvesting, and boosted catalytic active sites. © 2015 American Chemical Society. Source

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