Time filter

Source Type

Tisch A.,Institute for Employment Research
European Journal of Ageing | Year: 2015

In the examination of older employees’ employability, one can distinguish between internal and external employability. Internal employability can be measured by individual employment stability, and external employability occurs when employees replace one employment relationship with another. Most studies focus on the personal skills and characteristics that are necessary to maintain employability. However, external factors also contribute to individual employability. Therefore, this study examines which organisational attributes of firms contribute to older employees’ employability in Germany. Taking firm and individual characteristics into account, the results of discrete-time survival models show that in specific organisational structures, older employees have higher internal employability. Accordingly, older employees are more likely to maintain employment in the service sector and in recruiting organisations facing (skilled) labour shortages. However, the results also indicate that financially investing organisations facilitate early labour market exits. With regard to older employees’ external employability, the results show only little evidence indicating an association between organisational attributes of firms and the likelihood of job change. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Linder C.,Institute for Employment Research
International Journal of Technoethics | Year: 2014

Since a while the ethics of persuasive technology (PT) have been discussed. One interesting approach is the assessment of PTs in the light of discourse ethics and the speech-act theory as proposed recently. While some see such an approach as promising, the author will illustrate that the application of discourse ethics is only appropriate for a few limited persuasive strategies. It is argued that most often PT does not provide the essentials of a discourse; reason or arguments to convince the counterpart. In line with discourse ethics the elements of speech-act theory refer to the preconditions every debater has to subscribe to in order to reach a mutual understanding that is the ultimate goal of a discourse. It is evident that PT has to deal with serious problems in order to fulfill the preconditions such as comprehensibility, truth, truthfulness and legitimacy. If discourse ethics is the theoretical framework which reflects the moral content of PT, the intention of the designer and his arguments or reasons have to be taken into account. It is argued that this often contradicts the purpose of persuasion or manipulation if PT is applied. This paper provides propositions that should ensure that the design of PT fulfill the basic requirements of discourse ethics. Copyright © 2014, IGI Global. Source

How regional clusters - and the firms constituting it - respond to major economic shocks has only recently become the centre of attention in regional research. Taking the concept of 'adaptive resilience' as a point of departure, and using a mixed methods approach (firm survey, multivariate analysis, expert interviews), this study explores the response of cluster and non-cluster firms of the German mechanical engineering sector during the initial phase of the crisis (2008-2009). Findings show a significantly more positive employment trend in cluster firms than in non-cluster firms. Further analyses of the mechanisms that allow cluster firms to exhibit more resilience than other firms suggest that solidarity and altruism among regional actors were of particular importance in the beginning of the crisis. © 2013 RSAI. Source

Drechsler J.,Institute for Employment Research | Reiter J.P.,Duke University
Computational Statistics and Data Analysis | Year: 2011

Highlights: Statistical agencies can release simulated data as public use files. Nonparametric regression can be adapted to simulate such datasets. Synthesizers using CART, random forests, support vector machines were compared. CART shown to give highest data utility for acceptable disclosure risk. Nonparametric methods are easy to employ and hence appealing options for agencies. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Niebuhr A.,Institute for Employment Research
Papers in Regional Science | Year: 2010

Recent theoretical research deals with economic costs and benefits of cultural diversity related to immigration. However, empirical evidence regarding the impact of cultural diversity on economic performance is still scarce. We analyse the effect of cultural diversity of the labour force on patent applications for a cross-section of German regions. The results suggest that differences in knowledge and capabilities of workers from diverse cultural backgrounds enhance performance of regional R&D sectors. As regards innovation, the benefits of diversity seem to outweigh the costs caused, for example, by communication barriers. © 2009 the author(s). Journal compilation © 2009 RSAI. Source

Discover hidden collaborations