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Ljubljana, Slovenia

Turk E.,DNV GL | Prevolnik Rupel V.,Institute for Economic Research | Tapajner A.,University of Maribor | Leyshon S.,DNV GL | Isola A.,University of Oulu
Value in Health Regional Issues | Year: 2013

Objective: This article reports a study to measure diabetes-dependent quality of life (QOL) in older Slovenian patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMT2). Methods: A cross-sectional study of older (age ≥ 65 years) patients with DMT2 at outpatient diabetic centers was conducted in all regions in Slovenia. The Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life questionnaire was carried out between January and May 2012. Statistical analysis was performed by using IBM SPSS Statistics software, version 18.0. Results: After exclusion of noneligible respondents, a total of 285 respondents were included in the analysis, which represented a 57% response rate. Lower QOL was significantly connected to a heart attack episode (odds ratio 2.42; 95% confidence interval 1.06-5.20) and to the perception of not having diabetes under control (odds ratio 0.36; 95% confidence interval 0.18-0.69). Eleven (3.9%) patients reported no impact of DMT2 on their QOL at all, while in the remaining respondents, particular reference was put to the effects on freedom to eat, dependency on others, and family life. There was no significant difference between the older people living in urban and rural areas. Conclusions: The findings of the present study highlight the impact of DMT2 on QOL. DMT2 imposes a personal burden on individuals. Information on the QOL of older patients with diabetes is important to Slovenian policymakers and family physicians to identify and implement appropriate interventions for achieving better management of diabetes and ultimately improving the QOL of patients with diabetes. © 2013 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR).

Gachter S.,University of Nottingham | Gachter S.,Institute for Economic Research | Herrmann B.,University of Nottingham | Thoni C.,University of St. Gallen
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2010

Does the cultural background influence the success with which genetically unrelated individuals cooperate in social dilemma situations? In this paper' we provide an answer by analysing the data of Herrmann et al. (2008a)' who studied cooperation and punishment in 16 subject pools from six different world cultures (as classified by Inglehart & Baker (2000)). We use analysis of variance to disentangle the importance of cultural background relative to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences in cooperation. We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences identified by previous research. The significance of this result is that cultural background has a substantial influence on cooperation in otherwise identical environments. This is particularly true in the presence of punishment opportunities. © 2010 The Royal Society.

Verbic M.,University of Ljubljana | Slabe-Erker R.,Institute for Economic Research | Klun M.,University of Ljubljana
Land Use Policy | Year: 2016

The article presents an economic valuation of the Ljubljanica riverbanks area, which is an urban cultural landscape with distinct qualities of international importance. For this purpose, we combined a classical contingent valuation with a closed-form version of discrete choice method, where the protest responses have been removed. By using econometric analysis, we obtained the willingness-to-pay (WTP) value and established its determinants. It was ascertained that residents derived more utility from implementation of the targeted development scenario than visitors. Thus, a discriminatory contribution scheme similar to the one with respect to the mean WTP could supply substantial revenue for further targeted development, while still providing ample consumer surplus for both residents and visitors. The present analysis represents one of the method's very few applications to urban landscape in Central and Eastern European countries. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

Aichner T.,Institute for Economic Research
International Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management | Year: 2012

Mass Customization (MC) companies can not sell their products in traditional stores. This implies that customers take their purchase decision on a different level, the Zero Moment of Truth (ZMOT). Companies need to know when and where this happens, how the decision making process of their potential customers works and how it is influenced by product-related concepts such as purchase intention, product knowledge and product involvement. This paper gives an answer to these questions and provides implications for marketing managers of MC companies. Finally, a definition of the ZMOT in MC is formulated.

Klemenc-Ketis Z.,University of Maribor | Bacovnik-Jansa U.,University of Ljubljana | Ogorevc M.,Institute for Economic Research | Kersnik J.,University of Ljubljana
Ulusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND Traumatic brain injury is a major public health problem due to high mortality and morbidity among survivors. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. We recorded the attending physician's evaluation of the patient's consciousness, the patient's demographics, routine physical measurements, and medical interventions. We used Glasgow Coma Scale and Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale. RESULTS We included 60 patients (83.3% males, mean age: 49.5 years). The Glasgow Coma Scale score was 4.8±1.9 and the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale score was 2.9±2.5 points. Linear regression for higher Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale score explained 59.8% of the variance and revealed the duration of hospital stay and the presence of epidural hematoma as significant predictors. The classification tree for the higher Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale score revealed the following variables to be important: the duration of hospital stay, Glasgow Coma Scale score, partial pressure of carbon dioxide, surgery, response time of out-of-hospital emergency team, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fall, and basis fracture. CONCLUSION Standardized inpatient protocol on monitoring, intervention and outcome recording should be adopted to make future comparisons more useful and to promote benchmarking between trauma centers in order to improve care for patients with severe traumatic brain injury.

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