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Tudor P.,University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine | Turcitu M.,Institute for Diagnosis and Animal Health Bucharest | Mateescu C.,Agervet Clinic Targoviste | Dantas-Torres F.,Aggeu Magalhaes Research Institute | And 12 more authors.
Parasitology Research | Year: 2016

Onchocerca lupi is a filarial nematode, which infects the scleral conjunctival tissue of dogs, wolves and cats. Whilst adult nematodes localize in the conjunctive tissue of sclera or in the retrobulbar, microfilariae are found in the skin, and they are rarely diagnosed in asymptomatic animals. Since the first report of human ocular infection 5 years ago, up to 10 zoonotic cases have been identified in patients worldwide. We report, for the first time in Romania, three cases of canine ocular onchocercosis in dogs. Fragments of the harvested worms were characterized morphologically and molecularly. This article expands knowledge on the distribution of this parasite in Eastern Europe and sounds an alarm bell for ophthalmologists about the possible occurrence of human cases of O. lupi infection. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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