Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine

Braunschweig, Germany

Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine

Braunschweig, Germany
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Pincha M.,Hannover Medical School | Sai Sundarasetty B.,Hannover Medical School | Salguero G.,Hannover Medical School | Gutzmer R.,Hannover Medical School | And 14 more authors.
Human Gene Therapy Methods | Year: 2012

SmartDCs (Self-differentiated Myeloid-derived Antigen-presenting-cells Reactive against Tumors) consist of highly viable dendritic cells (DCs) induced to differentiate with lentiviral vectors (LVs) after an overnight ex vivo transduction. Tricistronic vectors co-expressing cytokines (granulocyte- macrophage-colony stimulating factor [GM-CSF], interleukin [IL]-4) and a melanoma antigen (tyrosine related protein 2 [TRP2]) were used to transduce mouse bone marrow cells or human monocytes. Sixteen hours after transduction, the cells were dispensed in aliquots and cryopreserved for identity, potency, and safety analyses. Thawed SmartDCs readily differentiated into highly viable cells with a DC immunophenotype. Prime/boost subcutaneous administration of 1×106 thawed murine SmartDCs into C57BL/6 mice resulted into TRP2-specific CD8+ T-cell responses and protection against lethal melanoma challenge. Human SmartDC-TRP2 generated with monocytes obtained from melanoma patients secreted endogenous cytokines associated with DC activation and stimulated TRP2-specific autologous T-cell expansion in vitro. Thawed human SmartDCs injected subcutaneously in NOD.Rag1-/-.IL2rγ -/- mice maintained DC characteristics and viability for 1 month in vivo and did not cause any signs of pathology. For development of good manufacturing practices, CD14+ monocytes selected by magnetic-activated cell separation were transduced in a closed bag system (multiplicity of infection of 5), washed, and cryopreserved. Fifty percent of the monocytes used for transduction were recovered for cryopreservation. Thawed SmartDCs produced in two independent runs expressed the endogenous cytokines GM-CSF and IL-4, and the resulting homogeneous SmartDCs that self-differentiated in vitro contained approximately 1.5-3.0 copies of integrated LVs per cell. Thus, this method facilitates logistics, standardization, and high recovery for the generation of viable genetically reprogrammed DCs for clinical applications. © 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Tatura R.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Zeschnigk M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Adamzik M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Probst-Kepper M.,Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine | And 2 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

During sepsis, a relative increase of regulatory T (Treg) cells has been reported. Its persistence is associated with lymphocyte anergy, immunoparalysis and a poor prognosis. Currently, an exact quantification of human Treg cells based on protein expression of marker molecules is ambiguous, as these molecules are expressed also by activated non-regulatory T cells. Furthermore, no firm criteria for flow cytometer gate settings exist so far. Recently, a specific DNA methylation pattern within FOXP3-TSDR has been reported that allows distinguishing Treg and non-regulatory T cells, independent of their activation status. Using this epigenetic marker, we established a single-tube real-time PCR based methylation assay (QAMA) for relative quantification of Treg cells. Validation was performed on defined ratios of methylated and unmethylated target sequence and on mixtures of Treg and non-regulatory T cells. DNA-methylation was measured in CD4+ T cells isolated from blood samples of 30 septic patients and 30 healthy subjects and compared with results of Treg cell quantification by flow cytometry based on CD4+ CD25hiCD127low measurement. In septic patients both methods showed an increased ratio of Treg cells to all CD4+ T cells. In healthy individuals, the results obtained by both methods were clearly positively correlated. However, the correlation between both methods in septic patients was only weak. We showed that quantification of Treg cells by QAMA detects CD4+ T cells with unmethylated FOXP3-TSDR, hidden in the CD25med/low fraction of flow cytometry. Given that unmethylated FOXP3-TSDR is the most specific feature of Treg cells to date, our assay precisely quantifies Treg cells, as it additionally detects those committed Treg cells, hidden in the CD25med/low fraction of CD4+ cells. Furthermore, QAMA is a reliable method, which is easier to standardize among laboratories and can thus improve reproducibility of Treg cell quantification. © 2012 Tatura et al.

Scheiter M.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Lau U.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Van Ham M.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Bulitta B.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | And 6 more authors.
Molecular and Cellular Proteomics | Year: 2013

The recent Natural Killer (NK) cell maturation model postulates that CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) first develop into CD56 bright NK cells, then into CD56dimCD57- and finally into terminally maturated CD56dimCD57+. The molecular mechanisms of human NK cell differentiation and maturation however are incompletely characterized. Here we present a proteome analysis of distinct developmental stages of human primary NK cells, isolated from healthy human blood donors. Peptide sequencing was used to comparatively analyze CD56 bright NK cells versus CD56dim NK cells and CD56 dimCD57- NK cells versus CD56dimCD57 + NK cells and revealed distinct protein signatures for all of these subsets. Quantitative data for about 3400 proteins were obtained and support the current differentiation model. Furthermore, 11 donor-independently, but developmental stage specifically regulated proteins so far undescribed in NK cells were revealed, which may contribute to NK cell development and may elucidate a molecular source for NK cell effector functions. Among those proteins, S100A4 (Calvasculin) and S100A6 (Calcyclin) were selected to study their dynamic subcellular localization. Upon activation of human primary NK cells, both proteins are recruited into the immune synapse (NKIS), where they colocalize with myosin IIa. © 2013 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

Kehrmann J.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Tatura R.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Zeschnigk M.,University of Duisburg - Essen | Probst-Kepper M.,Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Immunology | Year: 2014

Summary: The epigenetic regulation of transcription factor genes is critical for T-cell lineage specification. A specific methylation pattern within a conserved region of the lineage specifying transcription factor gene FOXP3, the Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR), is restricted to regulatory T (Treg) cells and is required for stable expression of FOXP3 and suppressive function. We analysed the impact of hypomethylating agents 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and epigallocatechin-3-gallate on human CD4+ CD25- T cells for generating demethylation within FOXP3-TSDR and inducing functional Treg cells. Gene expression, including lineage-specifying transcription factors of the major T-cell lineages and their leading cytokines, functional properties and global transcriptome changes were analysed. The FOXP3-TSDR methylation pattern was determined by using deep amplicon bisulphite sequencing. 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine induced FOXP3-TSDR hypomethylation and expression of the Treg-cell-specific genes FOXP3 and LRRC32. Proliferation of 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine-treated cells was reduced, but the cells did not show suppressive function. Hypomethylation was not restricted to FOXP3-TSDR and expression of master transcription factors and leading cytokines of T helper type 1 and type 17 cells were induced. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induced global DNA hypomethylation to a lesser extent than 5-aza-2'-deoxycitidine, but no relevant hypomethylation within FOXP3-TSDR or expression of Treg-cell-specific genes. Neither of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitors induced fully functional human Treg cells. 5-aza-2'-deoxycitidine-treated cells resembled Treg cells, but they did not suppress proliferation of responder cells, which is an essential capability to be used for Treg cell transfer therapy. Using a recently developed targeted demethylation technology might be a more promising approach for the generation of functional Treg cells. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Dittmar K.E.J.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Simann M.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Zghoul N.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | Schon O.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research | And 7 more authors.
Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy | Year: 2010

Cellular therapies that either use modifications of a patient's own cells or allogeneic cell lines are becoming in vogue. Besides the technical issues of optimal isolation, cultivation and modification, quality control of the generated cellular products are increasingly being considered to be more important. This is not only relevant for the cell's therapeutic application but also for cell science in general. Recent changes in editorial policies of respected journals, which now require proof of authenticity when cell lines are used, demonstrate that the subject of the present paper is not a virtual problem at all. In this article we provide 2 examples of contaminated cell lines followed by a review of the recent developments used to verify cell lines, stem cells and modifications of autologous cells. With relative simple techniques one can now prove the authenticity and the quality of the cellular material of interest and therefore improve the scientific basis for the development of cells for therapeutic applications. The future of advanced cellular therapies will require production and characterization of cells under GMP and GLP conditions, which include proof of identity, safety and functionality and absence of contamination. © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Garritsen H.S.P.,Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine | Fae I.,University of Vienna | Legath N.,Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine | Hannig H.,Facility for Molecular Diagnostics | Fischer G.F.,University of Vienna
Tissue Antigens | Year: 2010

A novel human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB3*01 allele carrying a HLA-DRB1-specific sequence motive in exon 2 is described. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

Cai F.F.,University of Basel | Kohler C.,University of Basel | Zhang B.,University of Basel | Chen W.J.,University of Basel | And 6 more authors.
Anticancer Research | Year: 2011

Background: Alterations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have been found in cancer patients, therefore informative mtDNA mutations could serve as biomarkers for the disease. Materials and Methods: The two hypervariable regions HVR1 and HVR2 in the D-Loop region were sequenced in ten paired tissue and plasma samples from breast cancer patients. Results: MtDNA mutations were found in all patients' samples, suggesting a 100% detection rate. Examining germline mtDNA mutations, a total of 85 mutations in the D-loop region were found; 31 of these mutations were detected in both tissues and matched plasma samples, the other 54 germline mtDNA mutations were found only in the plasma samples. Regarding somatic mtDNA mutations, a total of 42 mutations in the D-loop region were found in breast cancer tissues. Conclusion: Somatic mtDNA mutations in the D-loop region were detected in breast cancer tissues but not in the matched plasma samples, suggesting that more sensitive methods will be needed for such detection to be of clinical utility.

A novel human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB3*01 allele carrying a HLA-DRB1-specific sequence motive in exon 2 is described.

PubMed | Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transfusion | Year: 2010

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a central role in the initiation and regulation of immune responses. DCs for clinical applications can be generated with high yield from leukapheresis products. Using adenoviral transduction we genetically modified human DCs to produce and present melanoma-associated antigens. Coexpression of green fluorescent protein and epitope tags were used to monitor genetic modification. Generation, genetic modification, and cryoconservation of gene modified human DCs on a clinical scale in a closed system is feasible.CD14-positive monomuclear cells were isolated from leukapheresis products of HLA-A* 0201 positive voluntary blood donors using immunomagnetic beads. Selected cells were cultivated for 7 days. Adenovirus transduction was optimal on Day 4. Maturation was induced on Day 5. Mature DC were aliquoted and cryoconserved on Day 7. Quality control was performed using flow cytometry, expression profiling, and functional assays (ELISPOT, CBA).We were able to generate sufficient genetically modified mature DCs in serum-free cultures that could be stored by cryopreservation. The use of a closed system facilitated development of methods for standardized production of clinically applicable genetically modified DCs. The adenoviral transduction system allowed simultaneous and flexible expression of tumor-associated antigens for prolonged presentation of multiple epitopes.The feasibility of a closed-bag system for the cultivation of genetically modified human DCs is shown. The immature DCs were genetically modified by recombinant replication-deficient adenoviruses to express multiple epitopes of tumor-associated proteins and then differentiated to mature antigen-presenting DCs.

PubMed | Institute for Clinical Transfusion Medicine
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Transfusion medicine and hemotherapy : offizielles Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Transfusionsmedizin und Immunhamatologie | Year: 2010

SUMMARY: OBJECTIVE: In a significant proportion of patients with hematologic malignancies (5-30%) poor mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is observed. This compromises the application of effective and potentially curative high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) treatment. CASE REPORT: Here we report the case of a 38-year-old female patient who was treated for recurrent follicular B-cell non-Hodgkins lymphoma grade III. In this patient, we failed twice to mobilize stem cells using chemotherapy followed by granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). Recently a new chemokine receptor CXCR4 antagonist, AMD3100 (plerixafor), was introduced which can be combined with G-CSF mobilization and has been reported to increase the number of harvested stem cells significantly. Using this protocol, we were able to harvest a HSC product. This product was transplanted 3 weeks after the harvest (after HDC), and the patient had an uncomplicated recovery of granulopoiesis (day 11 after transplantation of autologous HSC). CONCLUSION: Plerixafor has the potency to become an important tool in mobilizing HSC, especially in those patients in whom HSC cannot be mobilized by the combination of G-CSF and chemotherapy alone.

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