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Wang H.,Institute for Chemical Carcinogenesis | Wang H.,Guangdong Pharmaceutical University | Yang L.,Institute for Chemical Carcinogenesis | Deng J.,Soochow University of China | And 11 more authors.
Mutagenesis | Year: 2014

Lung inflammation and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) are two pathogenic features for the two contextual diseases: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. VEGFR1 (or FLT1) plays a certain role in promoting tumour growth, inflammation and EMT. To simultaneously test the association between the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGFR1 and risk of COPD and lung cancer would reveal genetic mechanisms shared by these two diseases and joint aetiology. We conducted a two-population hospital-based case- control study. Three potential functional SNPs (rs664393, rs7326277 and rs9554314) were genotyped in southern Chinese and validated in eastern Chinese to explore their associations with COPD risk in 1511 COPD patients and 1677 normal lung function controls, and with lung cancer risk in 1559 lung cancer cases and 1679 cancer-free controls. We also detected the function of the promising SNP. Individuals carrying the rs7326277C (CT+CC) variant genotypes of VEGFR1 had a significant decrease in risk of both COPD (OR = 0.78; 95% CI = 0.68-0.90) and lung cancer (OR = 0.79; 95% CI = 0.64-0.98), compared with those carrying the rs7326277TT genotype. Functional assays further showed that the rs7326277C genotypes had lower transcriptional activity and caused decreased VEGFR expression, compared with the rs7326277TT genotype. However, no significant association was observed for the other two SNPs (rs664393 and rs9554314) and either COPD or lung cancer risk. Our data suggested that the rs7326277C variant of VEGFR1 could reduce both COPD and lung cancer risk by lowering VEGFR1 mRNA expression; the SNP might be a common susceptible locus for both COPD and lung cancer. © The Author 2014.

Yang L.,Institute for Chemical Carcinogenesis | Yang X.,Institute for Chemical Carcinogenesis | Ji W.,Guangzhou University | Deng J.,Soochow University of China | And 13 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2014

Rationale: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Objectives: There are five major EMT regulatory genes (Snai1, Slug, Zeb1, Zeb2, and Twist1) involved in EMT. We hypothesized that germline variants in these genes may influence the development of both diseases. Methods: Seven genetic variants were genotyped in two two-stage case-control studies with 2,072 lung cancer cases and 2,077 control subjects, and 1,791 patients with COPD and 1,940 control subjects to show their associations with development of both diseases. Measurements and Main Results: An exon variant c.353T>C (p.Val118Ala) of Snai1 harbored decreased risks of lung cancer (CT/CC vs. TT: odds ratio [OR], 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65-0.90) and COPD (CC vs. CT vs. TT: OR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.63-0.89), and c.353T>C affected lung cancer risk indirectly through COPD (COPD accounted for 6.78% of effect that the variant had on lung cancer). Moreover, c.353T>C was correlated with lung cancer stages in smoking patients (P = 0.013), and those with the c.353C genotypes were less likely to have metastasis at diagnosis than those with the c.353TT genotype (OR, 0.60; 95% CI, 0.41-0.88). The c.353C allele encoding p.118Ala attenuated Snai1's ability to up-regulate mesenchymal biomarkers (i.e., fibronectin and vimentin) expression, and to promote EMT-like changes, including morphologic changes, cell migration, and invasion. However, these effects were not observed for the other variants. Conclusions: The functional germline variant c.353T>C (p.Val118Ala) of Snai1 confers consistently decreased risks of lung cancer and COPD, and this variant affects lung cancer risk through a mediation effect of COPD. 2014 Copyright © 2014 by the American Thoracic Society.

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