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Mandache E.,National Institute of Pathology | Gherghiceanu M.,National Institute of Pathology | Macarie C.,Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases | Kostin S.,Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine | Year: 2010

The human heart can be frequently affected by an organ-limited amyloidosis called isolated atrial amyloidosis (IAA). IAA is a frequent histopathological finding in patients with long-standing atrial fibrillation (AF). The aim of this paper was to investigate the ultrastructure of cardiomyocytes and telocytes in patients with AF and IAA. Human atrial biopsies were obtained from 37 patients undergoing cardiac surgery, 23 having AF (62%). Small fragments were harvested from the left and right atrial appendages and from the atrial sleeves of pulmonary veins and processed for electron microscopy (EM). Additional fragments were paraffin embedded for Congo-red staining. The EM examination certified that 17 patients had IAA and 82% of them had AF. EM showed that amyloid deposits, composed of characteristic 10-nm-thick filaments were strictly extra-cellular. Although, under light microscope some amyloid deposits seemed to be located within the cardiomyocyte cytoplasm, EM showed that these deposits are actually located in interstitial recesses. Moreover, EM revealed that telopodes, the long and slender processes of telocytes, usually surround the amyloid deposits limiting their spreading into the interstitium. Our results come to endorse the presumptive association of AF and IAA, and show the exclusive, extracellular localization of amyloid fibrils. The particular connection of telopodes with amyloid deposits suggests their involvement in isolated atrial amyloidosis and AF pathogenesis. © 2010 The Authors Journal compilation © 2010 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Zeljkovic A.,University of Belgrade | Vekic J.,University of Belgrade | Spasojevic-Kalimanovska V.,University of Belgrade | Jelic-Ivanovic Z.,University of Belgrade | And 5 more authors.
Transplant International | Year: 2011

Renal transplant recipients often suffer from dyslipidemia which is one of the principal risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study sought to determine characteristics of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles and their associations with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in a group of pediatric renal transplant recipients. We also examined the influence of immunosuppressive therapy on measured LDL and HDL particle characteristics. HDL size and subclass distribution were determined using gradient gel electrophoresis, while concentrations of small, dense LDL (sdLDL)-cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and sdLDL-apolipoprotein B (sdLDL-apoB) using heparin-magnesium precipitation method in 21 renal transplant recipients and 32 controls. Renal transplant recipients had less HDL 2b (P < 0.001), but more HDL 3a (P < 0.01) and 3b (P < 0.001) subclasses. They also had increased sdLDL-C (P < 0.01) and sdLDL-apoB (P < 0.05) levels. The proportion of the HDL 3b subclasses was a significant predictor of increased cIMT (P < 0.05). Patients treated with cyclosporine had significantly higher sdLDL-C and sdLDL-apoB concentrations (P < 0.05) when compared with those on tacrolimus therapy. Pediatric renal transplant recipients have impaired distribution of HDL and LDL particles. Changes in the proportion of small-sized HDL particles are significantly associated with cIMT. Advanced lipid testing might be useful in evaluating the effects of immunosuppressive therapy. © 2011 European Society for Organ Transplantation. Source


Feier H.,Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases | Ghez O.,Royal Brompton Hospital | Fraisse F.,La Timone Childrens Hospital | Kreitmann B.,La Timone Childrens Hospital
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2012

The simultaneous existence of double orifice right and left atrioventricular valves in the absence of ostium primum defects is rare and scarcely reported. We present the case of a 20-month old boy diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia who was found to have associated double-orifice mitral and tricuspid valves. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved. Source


Djokovic A.,University of Belgrade | Stojanovich Lj.,University of Belgrade | Stanisavljevic N.,University of Belgrade | Bisenic V.,University of Belgrade | And 3 more authors.
Rheumatology International | Year: 2014

Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an increased risk of atherosclerosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the importance of secondary antiphospholipid presence (SAPS) in light of carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) changes in SLE patients. Our study included 120 patients with SLE (46.02 ± 13.16 years), 108 women and 12 men divided into two groups: 58 patients with SAPS and 62 SLE patients without SAPS taken as a control group. All patients underwent assessment of CIMT of right and left common carotid artery (CCA) and left and right internal carotid artery (ICA) by Doppler ultrasonography. In SAPS group, 48.3 % patients had significant changes of carotid arteries comparing to 16.1 % patients in control group (p = 0.008). Average CIMT values in left and right CCA and right ICA were significantly higher in SAPS group. No significant relationship between antiphospholipid antibody type and CIMT changes was established. Multivariate regression analysis revealed SAPS as a significant predictor of CIMT changes in SLE patients (p = 0.025). Presence of SAPS in SLE patients is associated with significant CIMT changes. Additional autoimmune burden leads to a need for a more aggressive education and prevention considering standard risk factors in this group of patients. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Djukanovic N.,High Medical School Milutin Milankovic | Todorovic Z.,University of Belgrade | Obradovic S.,Military Medical Academy | Njegomirovic S.,Alura Med D.o.o. | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics | Year: 2014

What is known and objective Premature discontinuation of clopidogrel in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention is a significant risk factor for thrombotic adverse outcomes. However, recent studies indicate that even discontinuation of long-term use of clopidogrel may be associated with multiple adverse outcomes, that is, rebound phenomenon whose mechanism is not definitely clear. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of clopidogrel withdrawal in those on combined aspirin and clopidogrel therapy. Methods This prospective, multicenter study enrolled 200 patients who underwent coronary stent implantation and were on dual antiplatelet therapy (100 mg aspirin + 75 mg clopidogrel) 1 year after the stent placement. In all patients, we measured the platelet aggregation, by multiplate electrode aggregometry, using two agonists [adenosine diphosphate with PGE1 (ADPHS) and arachidonic acid (ASPI)] two times: on the day of cessation of clopidogrel and 90 days after clopidogrel was stopped. Results and discussion Following clopidogrel discontinuation, we registered an increase in ASPI values (P < 0·001), linear correlation between changes in ASPI and ADPHS values (P = 0·009) and significant difference in the values of ASPI first quartile of ADPHS compared with the other three (P < 0·001, P = 0·016, P < 0·001, I vs. II, I vs. III and I vs. IV quartile of ADPHS, respectively). What is new and conclusion Our findings show that cessation of clopidogrel causes loss of antiplatelet synergism with aspirin, leading to a weakening of the response to aspirin, which may be one explanation for the rebound after the clopidogrel cessation. Recent studies indicate that even discontinuation of long-term use of clopidogrel may be associated with multiple adverse outcomes, i.e. rebound phenomenon whose mechanism is not definitely clear. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of clopidogrel withdrawal in those on combined aspirin and clopidogrel therapy. Our findings show that cessation of clopidogrel causes loss of antiplatelet synergism with aspirin, leading to a weakening of the response to aspirin, which may be one explanation for the rebound after the clopidogrel cessation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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