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Doroshenko V.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Tsygankov S.,University of Turku | Santangelo A.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2016

We present the updated orbital solution for the transient Be X-ray binary V 0332+53, which we obtained by complementing historical measurements with the data from the gamma-ray burst monitor onboard Fermi. These were acquired during the outburst in June-October 2015. We modeled the observed changes in the spin-frequency of the pulsar and deduced the orbital parameters of the system. We significantly improved existing constrains and show that contrary to previous findings, no change in orbital parameters is required to explain the spin evolution of the source during the outbursts in 1983, 2005, and 2015. The reconstructed intrinsic spin-up of the neutron star during the latest outburst is found to be comparable with previously observed values and predictions of the accretion torque theory. © ESO, 2016.

Hertfelder M.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Kley W.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2015

Context. Disk accretion onto weakly magnetized stars leads to the formation of a boundary layer (BL) where the gas loses its excess kinetic energy and settles onto the star. There are still many open questions concerning the BL, for instance the transport of angular momentum (AM) or the vertical structure. Aims. It is the aim of this work to investigate the AM transport in the BL where the magneto-rotational instability (MRI) is not operating owing to the increasing angular velocity Ω(r) with radius. We will therefore search for an appropriate mechanism and examine its efficiency and implications. Methods. We perform 2D numerical hydrodynamical simulations in a cylindrical coordinate system (r,φ) for a thin, vertically integrated accretion disk around a young star. We employ a realistic equation of state and include both cooling from the disk surfaces and radiation transport in radial and azimuthal direction. The viscosity in the disk is treated by the α-model; in the BL there is no viscosity term included. Results. We find that our setup is unstable to the sonic instability which sets in shortly after the simulations have been started. Acoustic waves are generated and traverse the domain, developing weak shocks in the vicinity of the BL. Furthermore, the system undergoes recurrent outbursts where the activity in the disk increases strongly. The instability and the waves do not die out for over 2000 orbits. Conclusions. There is indeed a purely hydrodynamical mechanism that enables AM transport in the BL. It is efficient and wave mediated; however, this renders it a non-local transport method, which means that models of a effective local viscosity like the α-viscosity are probably not applicable in the BL. A variety of further implications of the non-local AM transport are discussed. © ESO, 2015.

Doroshenko V.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Santangelo A.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Kreykenbohm I.,Dr. Karl Remeis Sternwarte | Kreykenbohm I.,Erlangen Center for Astroparticle Physics | Doroshenko R.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2012

We present an analysis of the spectral properties of the peculiar X-ray pulsar X Per based on INTEGRAL observations. We show that the source exhibits an unusually hard spectrum and is confidently detected by ISGRI up to more than 100 keV. We find that two distinct components may be identified in the broadband 4-200 keV spectrum of the source. We interpret these components as the result of thermal and bulk Comptonization in the vicinity of the neutron star and describe them with several semi-phenomenological models. The previously reported absorption feature at ≈30a keV is not required in the proposed scenario and therefore its physical interpretation must be taken with caution. We also investigated the timing properties of the source in the framework of existing torque theory, concluding that the observed phenomenology can be consistently explained if the magnetic field of the neutron star is ∼10 14G. © 2012 ESO.

Nolan S.J.,Durham University | Puhlhofer G.,University of Heidelberg | Puhlhofer G.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Rulten C.B.,Durham University
Astroparticle Physics | Year: 2010

The current generation of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes are allowing the sky to be probed with greater sensitivity than ever before in the energy range around and above 100 GeV. To minimise the systematic errors on derived fluxes a full calibration of the atmospheric properties is important given the calorimetric nature of the technique. In this paper we discuss an approach to address this problem by using a ceilometer co-pointed with the H.E.S.S. telescopes and present the results of the application of this method to a set of observational data taken on the active galactic nucleus (AGN) PKS 2155-304 in 2004. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Doroshenko V.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Santangelo A.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Suleimanov V.,Institute For Astronomie Und Astrophysik | Suleimanov V.,Kazan Federal University
Astronomy and Astrophysics | Year: 2011

We present an analysis of the Vela X-1 "off-states" based on Suzaku observations taken in June 2008. Defined as states in which the flux suddenly decreases below the instrumental sensitivity, these "off-states" have been interpreted by several authors as the onset of the "propeller regime". For the first time ever, however, we find that the source does not turn off and, although the flux drops by a factor of 20 during the three recorded "off-states", pulsations are still observed. The spectrum and the pulse profiles of the "off-states" are also presented. We discuss our findings in the framework of the "gated accretion" scenario and conclude that most likely the residual flux is due to the accretion of matter leaking through the magnetosphere by means of Kelvin-Helmholz instabilities (KHI). © 2011 ESO.

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