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Kritzinger W.J.,Elsenburg Institute for Animal Production | Kritzinger W.J.,Stellenbosch University | Brand T.S.,Elsenburg Institute for Animal Production | Brand T.S.,Stellenbosch University | And 3 more authors.
South African Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

A study was conducted to describe the changes occurring in body composition of ostriches over a 285-day growth period. Fifty two birds were given a choice of four diets with different protein (180 and 120 g/kg feed) and energy (8.5 and 13.5 MJ ME/kg feed) levels, on the assumption that the birds would select from the four feeds according to their protein and energy requirements, and thereby grow close to their potential without being constrained by the quality of feed supplied to them. Birds were weighed at approximately 10-day intervals and randomly selected birds were slaughtered at 1, 54, 120, 162 and 285 days of age respectively. Proximate analyses were done on the complete empty carcasses and the components were expressed as a percentage of live weight at the different slaughter ages. The Gompertz growth curve was fitted to the live weights of the birds and to the weights of the individual chemical components. The change in body weight with age as the only independent variable can be considered as a good (R2 = 0.93) description of growth in ostriches. The growth parameters a, b and c were estimated as 119.4, 0.009 and 156.3 respectively. Body protein and moisture concentrations decreased as the birds aged, while the body ash concentration remained relatively constant and body fat concentration increased. Fitted Gompertz parameters for the different chemical components were, for fat; a = 33.6, b = 0.013 and c = 143.4 (R2 = 0.914), protein; a = 44.5, b = 0.015 and c = 113.9 (R2 = 0.961), ash; a = 10.3, b = 0.016 and c = 118.2 (R2 = 0.965), and moisture; a = 55.0, b = 0.014 and c = 116.9 (R2 = 0.965). Similar to other animals, fat was a late maturing tissue and protein a relatively early maturing tissue. These results are important in describing the growing ostrich and this information can be used to model the nutrient requirements of these birds. © South African Society for Animal Science. Source

Brand T.S.,Elsenburg Institute for Animal Production | Brand T.S.,Stellenbosch University | Olivier T.R.,Elsenburg Institute for Animal Production | Olivier T.R.,Stellenbosch University | Gous R.M.,University of KwaZulu - Natal
South African Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2010

Elucidating the factors affecting feed intake is important when quantifying nutrient responses in breeding ostriches. The experiment was conducted to determine to what extent dietary energy content will affect the important production parameters of breeding ostriches. Ninety pairs of breeding ostriches were divided into six groups, consisting of 15 breeding pairs per group. Six diets with increasing metabolisable energy content (8.0, 8.7, 9.4, 10.1, 10.8 and 11.5 MJ ME/kg feed) were provided ad libitum to birds during the breeding season. All the other nutrients were kept constant in all feeds. Responses were measured by simple linear regression. Average daily feed intake (3.7 ± 0.2 kg) was unaffected by energy content as were all the reproductive parameters measured, including total eggs produced per female (45.6 ± 5.8), number of chicks hatched (21.3 ± 4.5), number of infertile eggs (11.6 ± 3.6), number of dead-in-shell eggs (7.5 ± 1.8) and egg weight (1406 ± 31 g). However, the significant increase in live mass of both males and females indicated that energy was over-consumed as the energy content of the diet was increased. Breeding ostriches did not regulate feed intake according to dietary energy content but instead based their intake on the concentration of the limiting nutrient in the feed. © South African Society for Animal Science. Source

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