PubMed | Institute Of Fisiologia Celular
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Restorative neurology and neuroscience | Year: 2011
To screen drugs potentially useful in the pharmacological treatment of subjects with brain lesions, we studied the effects of chronic (7 and 30 days) treatments with a Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb761-IPSEN; EGb) in two animal models of cortical hemiplegia: one induced by motor cortex aspiration and another using a reversible inactivation of the motor cortex through chronic, localized infusion of y-aminobutyric acid (GABA), via osmotic minipumps. The elevated beam test was used in water-deprived animals trained to drink saccharin-sweetened solutions (with or without EGb) and to perform to criteria before the surgical procedures. From the day after surgery, the rats were administered 100 mg/kg of EGb daily for 7 or 30 days. In all groups with motor impairment in which the extract was administered, a faster and more complete recovery was observed, which was significantly different from that of rats which received only saccharin solutions. The salutary effect of EGb was more marked in ablation-induced hemiplegia than in the GABA-treated group. In the former injury model, EGb-treated animals had smaller ventricular diameters than non-treated rats. No differences concerning sensory deficits were detected among groups. EGb was also acutely administered during the epileptic syndrome that follows interruption of chronic GABA infusions (the GABA-withdrawal syndrome). No anticonvulsant effects of EGb were observed. These results suggest a potential use of EGb in brain-injured patients as this product shows little toxicity in animals and man after chronic administration. The active principles among terpenes (ginkgolides, bilobalides and flavonolheterosides present in the EGb) and the mechanisms for this beneficial effects remain to be elucidated.