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Ruiz J.L.,Institute Estudios Ceuties | Bahillo P.,Plaza Lopez de Ayala | Lopez-Colon J.I.,Plaza de Madrid 2 | Garcia-Paris M.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences
Graellsia | Year: 2013

In this study we clarify the taxonomic status and geographic distribution of Apalus cinctus (Pic, 1896), a Mediterranean species included in the group of Apalus bimaculatus (Linnaeus, 1760). Apalus cinctus was only known from a few North African localities mentioned in the original description, and was considered of uncertain taxonomic status. The review of detailed photographs of the type specimen and the study of recently captured specimens allow us to discuss its taxonomic position and to define its diagnostic characters, validating its specific status. Capture or observation of specimens assignable to Apalus cinctus in continental Spain (León, Zamora and Huesca), extends the geographic range of the species considerably, including it within the European Fauna. We question the presence of Apalus bimaculatus in the Iberian peninsula and North Africa, suggesting that it is possibly replaced by A. cinctus.

Garcia-Paris M.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | Ruiz J.L.,Institute Estudios Ceuties
Graellsia | Year: 2013

We describe a morphologically remarkable new species of the Epicauta cupraeola species group from the highlands of the State of Nayarit, Mexico. The external appearance of Epicauta cora sp. nov., is similar to that of Epicauta rufipennis and Epicauta diana, but it is distinct from both species based on male antennae structure, shape and pilosity of the head and pronotum, color of pronotal pilosity, and male fore-tarsal structure. The nine species integrating now the E. cupraeola species group have been revised. This study of 323 specimens, including diverse type material, confirms the synonymy of Cantharis rufescens with Epicauta basimacula first proposed by Pinto (1991), and reports new geographic records for Mexican taxa. The species of the E. cupraeola group are included in a key and illustrated photographically, including type specimens of five taxa. A phylogenetic re-analysis of the E. cupraeola species group results in the placement of the new species as sister to E. rufipennis, which together form a sister clade to the remaining species of the E. cupraeola group.

A species of the genus Tropinota Mulsant, 1842, T. iec sp. n., is described using specimens from northwesternMorocco (region of Tangier-Tetouan). This new species is included in subgenus Epicometis Burmeister,1842, because it shows the main diagnostic characters of the subgenus: pronotum without smooth areas and5th interstria not strongly elevated as a keel and not bifurcated at the base. Diagnostic traits of T. iec sp. n. aredefined, and differential characters with respect to all other species of Epicometis discussed. Based on morphologicaltraits, the closest species to T. iec sp. n. is Tropinota (Epicometis) hirta (Poda von Neuhaus, 1761).Tropinota iec sp. n. differs from T. hirta in tegument shine, density of corporal pilosity, pronotal and elytralpunctuation, tarsal length, punctuation of the mesosternal plate, and also in the structure of the aedeagus, withparameri clearly widening along the apical region in T. iec. Main morphological differences between the newspecies and the other two species of Tropinota inhabiting northern Africa, T. (Tropinota) squalida (Scopoli, 1763)and T. (Hemiopta) bleusei (Bedel, 1896), are also indicated. Finally, the presence of T. hirta in Morocco, wherepossibly it has been confused with T. iec sp. n., is also discussed. © 2015 SAM y CSIC.

The scientific collections of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC, Madrid) hold an extense set of entomological materials collected in Morocco along the first decades of the XXth century by the preeminent naturalist M. Martínez de la Escalera. Morphological studies of the specimens of the genus Meloe Linnaeus, 1758 (Coleoptera: Meloidae) reveals the existence of populations morphologically differentiated along the coastal regions of Essaouira and Ifni. These populations are included within the Meloe rugosus Marsham, 1802 species group in the subgenus Eurymeloe Reitter, 1911. Their differential traits with respect to all other North African and European species of the Meloe rugosus species group are constant, and permit considering these populations as a taxonomic independent unit described herein, Meloe baamarani n. sp. This new species is characterized by having a black, opaque, general coloration all over the body and appendages; black short vestiture; broad head with broadly rounded temples, without median longitudinal groove; long antennae, with segments III to VIII subcylindrical and longer than wide; pronotum transverse, with convergent sides toward the base, without median groove; head and pronotum punctuation dense; aedeagus narrow, median lobe wide and strong, dorsally sinuous, with ventral hooks close to the apex. Meloe baamarani can be only confused on the western regions of northern Africa with Meloe mediterraneus Müller, 1925. This species shares a general appearance with M. baamarani, but differs in many morphological traits. Among those, tegument micro-reticulation, absence of median groove along the head, pronotum morphology and macrosculpture, and configuration of the male genitalia, are included. © 2015 SAM y CSIC.

Hycleus duodecimmaculatus (Coleoptera, Meloidae, Mylabrini) is a poorly known species endemic to Morocco. Its geographic range extends along the coastal-subcoastal fringe of the Atlantic Coast, between Larache and Tiznit region (Arbaa Ait Ahmed). In this paper we study more than a hundred specimens, mostly preserved in the collection of the Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC, Spain). We provide new geographic records, including the Western Rif and confirm its presence in Marrakech (northwestern slopes of the High Atlas). Because of the scarcity of information, disperse and sometimes erroneous, we synthesize information available on chorology and phenology, and characterize the typology of the species’ habitat. From a taxonomic point of view, we redefine the species’ diagnostic characters and illustrate various aspects of the intra- and interpopulational morphological variability. © 2014 SAM y CSIC.

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