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Mexico City, Mexico

Mariana V.C.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Cesar R.T.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Ruby E.F.,Institute Enfermedades Of La Mama
AIP Conference Proceedings | Year: 2014

Mammography is the best tool for early detection of Breast Cancer. In this diagnostic radiology modality it is necessary to establish the criteria to ensure the proper use and operation of the equipment used to obtain mammographic images in order to contribute to the safe use of ionizing radiation. The aim of the work was to implement at FUCAM-AC the radiation protection program which must be established for patients and radiation workers according to Mexican standards [1-4]. To achieve this goal, radiation protection and quality control manuals were elaborated [5]. Furthermore, a quality control program (QCP) in the mammography systems (analog/digital), darkroom included, has been implemented. Daily sensitometry, non-variability of the image quality, visualizing artifacts, revision of the equipment mechanical stability, compression force and analysis of repetition studies are some of the QCP routine tests that must be performed by radiological technicians of this institution as a set of actions to ensure the protection of patients. Image quality and patients dose assessment were performed on 4 analog equipment installed in 2 mobile units. In relation to dose assessment, all equipment passed the acceptance criteria (<3 mGy per projection). The image quality test showed that most images (70%)-presented artifacts. A brief summary of the results of quality control tests applied to the equipment and film processor are presented. To maintain an adequate level of quality and safety at FUCAM-AC is necessary that the proposed radiation protection program in this work is applied. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Cardenas Sanchez J.,Centro Estatal Of Cancerologia | Sandoval Guerrero F.,Hospital General de Mexico | Alatriste Martinez S.,Hospital Miguel Hidalgo | Alvarado Cabrero I.,Hospital de Oncologia | And 46 more authors.
Ginecologia y Obstetricia de Mexico | Year: 2010

In women, breast cancer causes over one million new cases each year, of which about half occur in industrialized countries, however, is in developing countries like ours, where most deaths due to this cause. Currently, the breast cancer is the leading cause of death from malignancy in women over 25 years. The conclusions of the Third Review of the National Consensus on Diagnosis and Treatment of Breast Cancer are a guide for oncologists, mastologists and the medical community in general. This review involved more than 50 physicians with national recognition of all institutions and specialties related to this disease, in order to contribute their knowledge. Source

Medina-Aguilar R.,CINVESTAV | Perez-Plasencia C.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Marchat L.A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Gariglio P.,CINVESTAV | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2016

Aberrant DNA methylation is a frequent epigenetic alteration in cancer cells that has emerged as a pivotal mechanism for tumorigenesis. Accordingly, novel therapies targeting the epigenome are being explored with the aim to restore normal DNA methylation patterns on oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. A limited number of studies indicate that dietary compound resveratrol modulates DNA methylation of several cancer-related genes; however a complete view of changes in methylome by resveratrol has not been reported yet. In this study we performed a genome-wide survey of DNA methylation signatures in triple negative breast cancer cells exposed to resveratrol. Our data showed that resveratrol treatment for 24 h and 48 h decreased gene promoter hypermethylation and increased DNA hypomethylation. Of 2476 hypermethylated genes in control cells, 1,459 and 1,547 were differentially hypomethylated after 24 h and 48 h, respectively. Remarkably, resveratrol did not induce widespread non-specific DNA hyper- or hypomethylation as changes in methylation were found in only 12.5% of 27,728 CpG loci. Moreover, resveratrol restores the hypomethylated and hypermethylated status of key tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes, respectively. Importantly, the integrative analysis of methylome and transcriptome profiles in response to resveratrol showed that methylation alterations were concordant with changes in mRNA expression. Our findings reveal for the first time the impact of resveratrol on the methylome of breast cancer cells and identify novel potential targets for epigenetic therapy. We propose that resveratrol may be considered as a dietary epidrug as it may exert its anti-tumor activities by modifying the methylation status of cancer -related genes which deserves further in vivo characterization. © 2016 Medina-Aguilar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Source

Flores-Perez A.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Marchat L.A.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Rodriguez-Cuevas S.,Institute Enfermedades Of La Mama | Bautista V.P.,Institute Enfermedades Of La Mama | And 8 more authors.
BMC Cancer | Year: 2016

Background: Aberrant expression of microRNAs has been associated with migration of tumor cells. In this study, we aimed to investigate the biological significance of miR-944 whose function is unknown in breast cancer. Methods: MiR-944 expression in breast cancer cells and tumors was evaluated by Taqman qRT-PCR assays. Transcriptional profiling of MDA-MB-231 cells expressing miR-944 was performed using DNA microarrays. Cell viability, migration and invasion were assessed by MTT, scratch/wound-healing and transwell chamber assays, respectively. The luciferase reporter assay was used to evaluate targeting of SIAH1, PTP4A1 and PRKCA genes by miR-944. SIAH1 protein levels were measured by Western blot. Silencing of SIAH1 gene was performed by RNA interference using shRNAs. Results: Our data showed that miR-944 expression was severely repressed in clinical specimens and breast cancer cell lines. Suppression of miR-944 levels was independent of hormonal status and metastatic potential of breast cancer cells. Gain-of-function analysis indicated that miR-944 altered the actin cytoskeleton dynamics and impaired cell migration and invasion. Genome-wide transcriptional profiling of MDA-MB-231 cells that ectopically express miR-944 showed that 15 genes involved in migration were significantly repressed. Notably, luciferase reporter assays confirmed the ability of miR-944 to bind the 3'UTR of SIAH1 and PTP4A1 genes, but not PRKCA gene. Congruently, an inverse correlation between miR-944 and SIAH1 protein expression was found in breast cancer cells. Moreover, SIAH1 was upregulated in 75 % of miR-944-deficient breast tumors. Finally, SIAH1 gene silencing by RNA interference significantly impaired cell migration of breast cancer cells. Conclusions: Our results pointed out that miR-944 is a novel upstream negative regulator of SIAH1 and PTP4A1 genes and provided for the first time evidence for its functional role in migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. They also suggest that miR-944 restoration may represent a potential strategy for breast cancer therapy. © 2016 The Author(s). Source

Calderon-Gonzalez K.G.,Metropolitan Autonomous University | Valero Rustarazo M.L.,Research Center Principe Felipe | Valero Rustarazo M.L.,University of Valencia | Labra-Barrios M.L.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2015

Breast cancer is the principal cancer in women worldwide. Although there are serum tumor markers such as CEA and HER2, they are detected in advanced stages of the disease and used as progression and recurrence markers. Therefore, there is a necessity for the identification of new markers that might lead to an early detection and also provide evidence of an effective treatment. The aim of this work was to determine the differential protein expression profiles of four breast cancer cell lines in comparison to a normal control cell line by iTRAQ labelling and tandem mass spectrometry, in order to identify putative biomarkers of the disease. We identified 1,020 iTRAQ-labelled polypeptides with at least one peptide identified with more than 95% in confidence. Overexpressed polypeptides in all cancer cell lines were 78, whilst the subexpressed were 128. We categorised them with PANTHER program into biological processes, being the metabolic pathways the most affected. We detected six groups of proteins with the STRING program involved in DNA topology, glycolysis, translation initiation, splicing, pentose pathway, and proteasome degradation. The main subexpressed protein network included mitochondrial proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation. We propose BAG6, DDX39, ANXA8 and COX4 as putative biomarkers in breast cancer. Biological significance: We report a set of differentially expressed proteins in the MCF7 and T47D (Luminal A), MDA-MB-231 (Claudin low) and SK-BR-3 (HER2+) breast cancer cell lines that have not been previously reported in breast cancer disease. From these proteins, we propose BAG6, DDX39, ANXA8 and COX4 as putative biomarkers in breast cancer. On the other hand, we propose sets of unique polypeptides in each breast cancer cell line that can be useful in the classification of different subtypes of breast cancer. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source

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