Institute Economia Agricola IEA

São Paulo, Brazil

Institute Economia Agricola IEA

São Paulo, Brazil
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Pino F.A.,Institute Economia Agricola IEA | Vegro C.L.R.,Institute Economia Agricola IEA | Assumpcao R.D.,Institute Economia Agricola IEA
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology | Year: 2017

A field study was carried out in the largest Brazilian city in order to evaluate the quality of coffee prepared and sold for out-of-home consumption, using a logit model. It was shown that the decision on coffee quality was taken by the coffee house owner or manager based on his perception of the socio-economical class of the consumers, the prevalent gender, the participation of coffee in the invoicing and the coffee brewing method.


De Lima A.C.R.M.,Institute Zootecnia IZ | De Miranda M.S.,Institute Zootecnia IZ | Castelani L.,University of Sao Paulo | Pozzi C.R.,Institute Zootecnia IZ | And 2 more authors.
Acta Veterinaria Brasilica | Year: 2015

The objectives of this study were to determine whether dairy farms in the State of São Paulo meet the Normative Instruction 62 (NI-62), to evaluate the occurrence of subclinical mastitis in mammary quarters by the California Mastitis Test (CMT) and somatic cell count (SCC), to establish the etiology of mastitis, to analyze SCC problems on the different farms according to the microorganisms isolated, and to determine the influence of climatic conditions on the occurrence of mastitis. The incidence of subclinical mastitis determined by the CMT according to the number of animals and mammary quarters analyzed was 48.3% (232/480) and 26.2% (496/1892), respectively. Considering the SCC limit current NI-62, 88,8% of the farms meet the standards of NI-62. However, considering the final objective of NI-62 which is to achieve 400.000 cells/mL, some farms already exceed this limit. The frequency of microorganisms differed between properties, it was observed the most critical effects on farm E and D. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common microorganism isolated from the 388 samples positive in microbiological test, accounting for 34.02%. Streptococcus spp. was the agent most associated with elevated SCCs, with a coefficient of correlation of 0.20286. This study showed that mastitis pathogens are responsible for variations in the cellular response. The microorganisms isolated cause a reduction in production and milk quality, in addition to posing a risk to human health.


In the biennium 2013-14, the world produced 1,134.27 million tons of vegetables annually. The production of garlic, onion, potato, tomato and watermelon accounted for 66.5% of the total. Brazil, in 2012, considering 40 vegetables, produced around 23 million tons, in 900.0 thousand hectares. Potatoes, tomatoes (table and processing), onions, watermelons, carrots, sweet potatoes, lettuce and cabbage, the main vegetables in Brazil, accounted for 64.0% of the total. This work presents the evolution of production, commercialization, and availability of garlic, onions, potatoes, tomatoes and watermelons in Brazil and in the world. In Brazil, the work focused on two distinct periods: 1970-1990 [when the Support Program for Production and Commercialization of Horticultural Products (PROHORT) was implemented] and 1990-2012 (the globalization period). In 13 years (1977-1990), PROHORT succeeded in inducing the modernization of production of fruits, vegetables, and poultry products, enabling the sector to compete in the world market, especially after 1990, with the market opening and the establishment of MERCOSUR. In the 22-year period from 1990-2012, despite the initial difficulties with the commercial opening and internal economic instabilities, production and availability of garlic, onion, potato, tomato and watermelon continued to evolve in Brazil. The horticultural sector advanced in incorporating technologies and in modernizing, stimulated by the market expansion due to both the population growth (33%) observed in Brazil in this period and real gains in Brazilians’ income owed to inflation control. In the world scenario, the work discusses the same aspects for these five vegetables in the period 2001-2013. The analysis of the initial and final triennia of this period showed vegetable production increasing 30.3% in the world and 24.4% in Brazil. In both contexts, gains in yield were the main driver of expansion of production, and yield increase came mainly from the use of improved cultivars, especially hybrids. © 2017, Sociedade de Olericultura do Brasil. All rights reserved.


Sawasaki E.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Moura M.F.,Instituto Agronomico Of Campinas Iac | Verdi A.R.,Institute Economia Agricola IEA | Messias C.L.,University of Campinas
Acta Horticulturae | Year: 2014

Grapevine cultivars developed by Instituto Agronômico de Campinas known as 'IAC 138-22 Máximo', 'IAC Rainha' and 'IAC Madalena' were characterized to find a distinct genetic profile in order to facilitate patenting of a new cultivar. The characterization was done using the Expressed Sequence Tag Polymorphism (ESTP) methodology. From thirteen primers derived from EST initially chosen, nine amplified DNA fragments in sufficient quantity for sequencing, and only three gave different alleles corresponding to nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). Although the SNP frequency of about 1.2 per locus, observed in this study was low, by analyzing the sequences it was possible to detect specific restriction sites for the differentiation of cultivars 'IAC 138-22 Máximo', 'IAC Rainha' and 'IAC Madalena'.

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