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Erdmann V.,Institute der Deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne | Koppel O.,Institute der Deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne
World of Mining - Surface and Underground | Year: 2010

For some years now, the German economy has been facing the problem of S&E skill shortages. Specifically, the number of S&E job vacancies has outnumbered the potential of qualified S&E non-workers. In mining and mechanical engineering, this gap still amounted to around 13,600 people in November 2009. Academic S&E skill shortages are certain to remain a major problem in the years to come, because the number of S&E graduates is most likely to fall short of the respective S&E skill demand due to a substantial number of persons leaving the workforce. The major causes for this trend can be attributed to deficits in both secondary and tertiary education. Furthermore, female participation in S&E fields of study proves below international standards. Three major starting points for improvement can be identified. First of all, technical schooling must be improved in order to enable more students to take up studies in S&E later. Secondly, the transition from vocational to academic education must be enhanced allowing vocationally and advanced trained people to enter college. Thirdly, the number of S&E graduates must be increased by reducing drop-out rates and effectively boosting the number of first-year S&E students.

Deschermeier P.,Institute der deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne | Haas H.,Institute der deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne | Hude M.,Institute der deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne | Voigtlander M.,Institute der deutschen Wirtschaft Cologne
International Journal of Housing Policy | Year: 2016

With effect from 2015, the German Federal Government plans to regulate new lettings more strictly. The proposal is for rents to be kept no higher than 10% above the so-called ‘local reference rent’. How this significant intervention will work still remains unclear. In our study, we have therefore analysed almost 80,000 new tenancies provided by an online market platform in the year 2014 to see which would have been affected if the rent controls had already been in place. We compare rental accommodation advertised in Berlin and Cologne. Using a geographical information system (GIS), and with the help of statistical evaluations, the quality of the location can be established and applied to the analysis. The analyses show that the planned rent controls will not only affect a few rental offerings with asking prices wildly in excess of the rest of the market, but they will impact over a broad area. Overall, the observable effects differ between Berlin and Cologne. © 2016 Taylor & Francis

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