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Asensio J.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Asensio J.,Ieb Institute Deconomia Of Barcelona | Gomez-Lobo A.,University of Chile | Matas A.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Matas A.,Ieb Institute Deconomia Of Barcelona
Energy Economics | Year: 2014

Using a panel of 48 provinces for four years we empirically analyze a series of temporary and permanent policies aimed at curbing fuel consumption implemented in Spain between March and June 2011. The first policy was a reduction in the speed limit in highways. The second policy was an increase in the biofuel content of fuels used in the transport sector. The third measure was a decrease of 5% in commuting and regional train fares that resulted in two major metropolitan areas reducing their overall fare for public transit. The results indicate that the speed limit reduction in highways lowered gasoline consumption by 2% to 3%, while an increase in the biofuel content of gasoline increased this consumption. This last result is consistent with experimental evidence that indicates that mileage per liter falls with an increase in the biofuel content in gasolines. As for the reduction in transit fares, we do not find a significant effect for this policy. However, in specifications including the urban transit fare for the major cities in each province the estimated cross-price elasticity of the demand for gasoline - used as a proxy for car use - with respect to the price of transit is within the range reported in the literature. This is important since one of the main efficiency justifications for subsidizing public transit rests on the positive value of this parameter and most of the estimates reported in the literature are quite dated. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Lampon J.F.,University of Vigo | Lago-Penas S.,University of Vigo | Lago-Penas S.,Ieb Institute Deconomia Of Barcelona | Cabanelas P.,University of Vigo
Papers in Regional Science | Year: 2016

The paper analyses changes experienced by Spain as a European peripheral region in the automobile global value chain (GVC). Our attention is focused on both spatial concentration of value-added and high-skill activities, and generation of technology in the components industry. The analysis of plants set up (investments) and relocated (divestments) by multinationals (MNEs) between 2001 and 2010 shows that Spain is no longer a place for labour-intensive activities and standardized processes using simple technologies in comparison with other peripheral regions. However, the continuing majority presence of foreign-owned companies is limiting decision power for generating and transferring technology, concentrating it mainly in the areas in which Spanish MNEs are specialized. © 2014 The Author(s). Papers in Regional Science © 2014 RSAI

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