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Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.1.1-03 | Award Amount: 7.00M | Year: 2013

Policy makers are increasingly relying on Earth Observation (EO) data to make decisions on mitigating and adapting to climate change. These decisions need to be evidence-based and this requires complete confidence in EO-derived products. Although EO data is plentiful, it is rare to have reliable, traceable and understandable quality information. The situation is often further confused because various versions of the same product exist from data providers using different retrieval algorithms. Users need an internationally acceptable Quality Assurance (QA) framework that establishes, and provides understandable traceable quality information for the data products used in Climate Services. This will ensure that long-term data sets are historically linked and, in the future, automatically harmonised in an efficient and interoperable manner. The Quality Assurance for ECVs (QA4ECV) project will address these issues by developing a robust generic system for the QA of satellite and in-situ algorithms and data records that can be applied to all ECVs in a prototype for future sustainable services in the frame of the GMES/Copernicus Climate Change Service. Multi-use tools and SI/community reference standards will be developed. The QA4ECV project will generate quality-assured multi-decadal Climate Data Records for 3 atmospheric ECV precursors (NO2, HCHO, and CO) and 3 land ECVs (albedo, LAI, and FAPAR), with full uncertainty metrics for every pixel ready for model ingestion. The generic QA framework will be applied to these ECVs. QA4ECV will engage with all stakeholders, including other ECV projects, governance bodies and end-users, developers of Climate Services and relevant projects. The QA4ECV project will show how trustable assessments of satellite data quality and reliable means of interoperability can facilitate users in judging the fitness-for-purpose of the ECV Climate Data Record. QA4ECV will be a major step forward in providing quality assured long-term Climate Data Records that are relevant for policy and climate change assessments.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.1-01 | Award Amount: 3.59M | Year: 2013

CROSS DRIVE targets on creating the foundations for collaborative distributed virtual workspaces for European space science. Space exploration missions have produced huge data sets of potentially immense value for research as well as planning and operating future missions. However, currently expert teams, data and tools are fragmented, leaving little scope for unlocking this value through collaborative activities. The question of how to improve data analysis and exploitation of space-based observations can be answered by providing and standardizing new methods and systems for collaborative scientific visualisation and data analysis, and space mission planning and operation. This will not only allow scientist to work together, with each others data and tools, but importantly to do so between missions. The consortium brings together unprecedented expertise from space science, scientific visualisation, virtual reality and collaborative systems. The proposed collaborative workspace encompasses various advanced technological solutions to coordinate central storage, processing and 3D visualization strategies in collaborative immersive virtual environments, to support space data analysis. A specific focus is given to the preparation of the ExoMars 2016 TGO and 2018 rover missions. Three case studies will demonstrate the utility of the workspaces for European space science: Mars atmospheric data analysis, rovers landing site characterization and rover target selection during its real-time operations. The use cases will exploit state-of-the-art science data sets and they will be constructed in view of the ESA ExoMars missions scenarios. Impact on beneficiaries will be maximised both through providing an expandable backbone and reusable standardisation and tools, and three levels of workspace for: scientists directly engaged; other external scientists; and the public.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2012.2.1-01 | Award Amount: 2.66M | Year: 2013

In this project we investigate solar system plasma turbulence from in-situ data gathered by automated platforms launched by the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA. We investigate how the features of turbulence and intermittency vary with the solar activity and estimate the corresponding impact. We use electromagnetic field and plasma data provided by a core of three ESA spacecraft, Ulysses, Venus Express and the Cluster quartet, in coherence with data from other missions like ESAs Giotto and Rosetta, NASAs THEMIS, Cassini and Mars Global Surveyor. Complementary to the satellite databases we study the fluctuations of the geomagnetic field observed on ground. A package of advanced nonlinear analysis methods will be applied on the selected data sets. Power Spectral Densities (PSD) and Probability Distribution Functions (PDF) will be computed first. In a next step we apply five higher-order methods of analysis: (i) the partition function multifractal analysis, (ii) the Rank Ordered Multifractal analysis, (iii) the wave telescope, (iv) the multi-spacecraft methods for anisotropy (v) the discriminating statistics. The targeted physical processes are: the turbulent transfer of energy and dissipation, the intermittency and multifractals, the anisotropy, and non-linearity of the solar system plasma turbulence. The Consortium includes European experts with valuable achievements in space plasma turbulence and complexity, as well as in satellite data analysis. The members of the Consortium are principal or co-investigators of several experiments on-board the selected missions. Two American experts agreed to collaborate and will increase the links with major space actors like the USA. The project responds to the Objectives of the Call by its international, multi-disciplinary dimension, the large number of targeted space missions and databases and the associated analysis methods, and the ambitious scientific objectives that are expected to have a significant impact.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SPA.2012.3.5-02 | Award Amount: 661.34K | Year: 2012

AstRoMap (Astrobiology Road Mapping activity) is a Coordination action that aims at providing the European Planetary Science Community with a road map in space science and astrobiology. The goals of the project are: (i) to pose big scientific questions that could be answered with the help of space missions, and (ii) to identify according space missions to be developed in future programs. Project work include the organization of expert panels and international workshops open to the scientific community in order to discuss about those big questions and the science objectives that could be accomplished by space missions. The main deliverable would be a road map which will include, at least, the following aspects: the identification of a minimum number of missions, ordered by priority, which could shed light over the questions identified as the big challenges for the next decades of space exploration; the evaluation of the technological challenges on the space mission aspects as well as the identification of Earth Analogues to test scientific hypothesis and instrumentation. The last aspect will establish the synergies and links with the terrestrial (extreme environments) side of the project with important social benefits. The driving force of the work will be the identification of next generation technologies for space missions which could also be used for new industrial applications on Earthas socio-economicreturn. Finally, the last but not least aspect would be the involvement of the private sector which would be the main actor for new industrial technology developments to become real. AstRoMap will provide the ideal scientific and technical environment to fully analyse the new technological developments and instruments for preparing the next generation of space missions. AstRoMap will play a vital role in establishing the European Community as a leading player in planetary and space exploration.

Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: SC5-18a-2014 | Award Amount: 1000.00K | Year: 2015

ConnectinGEOs primary goal is to link existing coordinated Earth Observation networks with science and technology (S&T) communities, the industry sector and the GEOSS and Copernicus stakeholders. The aim is to facilitate a broader and more accessible knowledge base to support the needs of the GEO Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs) and their users. A broad range of subjects from climate, natural resources and raw materials, to the emerging UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be addressed. A tangible outcome of the project will be a prioritized list of critical gaps within the European Union in observations and the models that translate observations into practice-relevant knowledge. The prioritized list will include the research activities required to address these gaps. Ultimately, this will increase coherency of European observation networks, increase the use of Earth observations for assessments and forecasts and inform the planning for future observation systems through a sustainable approach that will survive beyond the end of this project. ConnectinGEO has 4 major objectives: a) Enable a European Network of Earth Observation Networks (ENEON) including space-based, airborne and in-situ observations networks. b) Provide a methodology to convert the knowledge needs into a coherent observation and measurement compendium for ENEON strategy and development. c) Apply the ConnectinGEO methodology to identify and assess the priority of gaps. d) Open the results of the project and exploit them beyond the project end.

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