Fernandez De Simon B.,Research Center Forestal |
Martinez J.,Icvv Institute Ciencias Of La Vid Y Del Vino |
Sanz M.,IDI Industrial Tonelera Navarra S.L. INTONA |
Cadahia E.,Research Center Forestal |
And 2 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2014
The wood-related volatile profile of wines aged in cherry, acacia, ash, chestnut and oak wood barrels was studied by GC-MS, and could be a useful tool to identify the wood specie used. Thus, 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde in wines aged in acacia barrels, and ethyl-2-benzoate in cherry barrels could be used as chemical markers of these wood species, for authenticity purposes. Also, the quantitative differences obtained in the volatile profiles allow a good classification of all wines regarding wood species of barrels, during all aging time, and they contributed with different intensities to aromatic and gustative characteristics of aged wines. Wines aged in oak were the best valuated during all aging time, but the differences were not always significant. The lowest scores were assigned to wines aged in cherry barrels from 6 months of aging, so this wood could be more suitable in short aging times. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.