Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan Csic Madrid

Spain

Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan Csic Madrid

Spain
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Duran-Cabral M.,Consultorios I Corazones Unidos | Fernandez-Jalao I.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan Csic Madrid | Estevez-Santiago R.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan Csic Madrid | Olmedilla-Alonso B.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan Csic Madrid
Nutricion Hospitalaria | Year: 2017

Introduction: Carotenoids are plant pigment with important biological activities in humans, such as provitamin-A among others. At present, there are no individual carotenoid intake data in the Dominican population, which is at risk of vitamin A deficiency and has an important percentage of overweight and obese individual s. Objective: To assess the individual components of vitamin A intake (retinol, α-carotene, β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin) and that of other relevant dietary carotenoids like lutein, zeaxanthin and lycopene of Dominican daily food intake. Methods: Fifty overweigth and obese subjects (22-69 y). Individual carotenoid intake, from whole diet and from the ingestion of fruits and vegetables, was determined using three 24 h diet recalls and a specific carotenoid database. Retinol, macronutrient and energy intake were calculated using DIALR software. Results: The total carotenoid intake was 6363.2 μg/day, 56.1% corresponding to provitamin A carotenoids (74.3% β-carotene). Vitamin A intake was supplied by retinol (40%) and by provitamin A carotenoids (60%); vegetables contributed more than fruits (39.2% and 19.2%, respectively). Non-provitamin A carotenoid intake represents 43.9% of the total intake and is supplied by lycopene and lutein plus zeaxanthin in similar percentages (52.3% and 47.7%, respectively). Conclusions: The diet of these Dominican subjets met the recommended vitamin A intake, when expressed as retinol equivalents, 59% of which was supplied by provitamin-A carotenoids from plant sources, mainly by red/orange and white/yellow foods. Individual carotenoid intake is an aspect of great interest for issuing dietary recommendations in the public health setting. © 2017, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved.

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