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Olivero-David R.,Instituto Madrileno Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Rural | Mena C.,Instituto Madrileno Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Rural | Perez-Jimenez M.A.,Instituto Madrileno Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Rural | Sastre B.,Instituto Madrileno Of Investigacion Y Desarrollo Rural | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry

Ripening modifies oil attributes and composition. However, the influence of olive ripening on virgin olive oil (VOO) thermal oxidative stability on food-frying has not been studied yet. Oils from Picual olives of low (VOO1), medium (VOO2), and high (VOO3) ripeness were obtained, and their thermal oxidative stability during 40 potato-fryings was tested. Unused VOO1 showed higher antioxidant content and oxidative stability than VOO2 and VOO3. Polar compounds (PC), oligomers, and altered fatty acid methyl esters (polar-FAME) increased, whereas linoleic acid, polyphenols, and tocopherols decreased in the three VOOs through frying. The alteration was lower in VOO1, followed by VOO2 (0.105, 0.117, and 0.042 g/100 g oil less of PC, oligomers and polar-FAME per frying, respectively, in VOO1 than in VOO3). In conclusion, VOO obtained from low-ripeness Picual olives should be preferred when frying fresh-potatoes due to its higher thermal and oxidative stability, permitting a higher number of potato-frying uses. © 2014 American Chemical Society. Source

Fernandez-Millan E.,Institute Salud Carlos III ISCIII | Ramos S.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Alvarez C.,Institute Salud Carlos III ISCIII | Alvarez C.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 4 more authors.
Food and Chemical Toxicology

Oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of beta cell failure in type 2 diabetes. Therefore, identification of natural antioxidant agents that preserve beta cell mass and function is considered an interesting strategy to prevent or treat diabetes. Recent evidences indicated that colonic metabolites derived from flavonoids could possess beneficial effects on various tissues. The aim of this work was to establish the potential anti-diabetic properties of the microbial-derived flavonoid metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DHPAA), 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) and 3-hydroxyphenylpropionic acid (HPPA). To this end, we tested their ability to influence beta cell function and to protect against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced beta cell toxicity. DHPAA and HPPA were able to potentiate glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a beta cell line INS-1E and in rat pancreatic islets. Moreover, pre-treatment of cells with both compounds protected against beta cell dysfunction and death induced by the pro-oxidant. Finally, experiments with pharmacological inhibitors indicate that these effects were mediated by the activation of protein kinase C and the extracellular regulated kinases pathways. Altogether, these findings strongly suggest that the microbial-derived flavonoid metabolites DHPAA and HPPA may have anti-diabetic potential by promoting survival and function of pancreatic beta cells. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Celada P.,Complutense University of Madrid | Delgado-Pando G.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Olmedilla-Alonso B.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Jimenez-Colmenero F.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | And 2 more authors.
Nutricion Hospitalaria

Introduction: meat products have been recognized to be adequate matrix for incorporating functional ingredients. The impact of meat products formulated by replacing animal fat with a combination of olive, linseed and fish oils on energy and nutrient intakes and anthropometric measurements were tested in a non-randomized-controlled- sequential study. Methods: eighteen male volunteers at high-CVD risk consumed weekly 200 g frankfurters and 250 g pâtés during three 4-wk periods (reduced fat (RF); n3-enriched- RF (n-3RF), and normal fat (NF)), separated by 4-wk washout. Energy and nutrient intakes, healthy eating index (HEI), and anthropometric changes were evaluated. Results: body fat mass rate-of-change and the waist/ hip ratio significantly differs (p = 0.018 and p = 0.031, respectively) between periods, decreasing body fat mass, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio in RF period and increasing body fat mass in NF one (all p = 0.05). Significant inverse correlations were observed between rate- of-change of BMI and ideal body weight with dietary carbohydrate/SFA ratio in n-3RF period (p = 0.003 and p = 0.006, respectively). Initial diets presented low HEIs (means < 60). Carbohydrate, fat and protein energy contribution was 40%, 41%, and 16%, respectively. More than 33% of volunteers did not initially cover 70% of several minerals and vitamins RDAs. Product consumption improved dietary Zn, Ca, retinol equivalent, folate and vitamin B12 contents in all periods, and ameliorated n-3 PUFA contents and n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio over the n-3RF period. Conclusion: improved-fat meat products appear as functional foods for overweight/obeses since their consumption improved selected body-fat markers, without affecting HEI, macronutrient and energy but their n-3 PUFA and n6/n3 ratio intakes. © 2015, Grupo Aula Medica S.A. All rights reserved. Source

Celada P.,Complutense University of Madrid | Sanchez-Muniz F.J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Delgado-Pando G.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Bastida S.,Complutense University of Madrid | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry

High meat-product consumption has been related to cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, previous results suggest the benefits of consuming improved fat meat products on lipoprotein-cholesterol and anthropometric measurements. Present study aims to assess the effect of consuming different Pâté and Frankfurter formulations on emergent CVD biomarkers in male volunteers at increased CVD risk. Eighteen male volunteers with at least two CVD risk factors were enrolled in a sequentially controlled study where different pork-products were tested: reduced-fat (RF), omega-3-enriched-RF (n-3RF), and normal-fat (NF). Pork-products were consumed during 4-week periods separated by 4-week washout. The cardiometabolic index (CI), oxidized low density lipoproteins (oxLDL), apolipoproteins (Apo) A1 and B, homocysteine (tHcys), arylesterase (AE), C-reactive Protein (CRP), tumor necrotic factor-alpha (TNFα), and lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) were tested and some other related ratios calculated. AE, oxLDL and Lp(a), AE/HDLc, LDLc/Apo B, and AE/oxLDL rate of change were differently affected (P<0.01) by pork-products consumption. RF increased (P < 0.05) AE, AE/HDLc and AE/oxLDL ratios and decreased TNFα, tHcys; n-3RF increased (P < 0.001) AE, AE/HDLc and AE/oxLDL ratios and decreased (P < 0.05) Lp(a); while NF increased (P<0.05) oxLDL and Lp(a) levels. In conclusion, RF and n-3RF products affected positively the level of some emergent CVD markers. The high regular consumption of NF-products should be limited as significantly increased Lp(a) and oxLDL values. The high variability in response observed for some markers suggests the need to perform more studies to identify targets for RF- and n-3RF-products. [Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2016 University of Navarra Source

Herranz B.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Tovar C.A.,University of Vigo | Solo-de-Zaldivar B.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan | Borderias A.J.,Institute Ciencia Y Tecnologia Of Los Alimentos Y Nutricion Ictan
Food Hydrocolloids

Four dispersions of 3% glucomannan in water, deacetylated with 5% 0.6N and 1N KOH (lots L1 and L2) and 0.6N and 1N NaOH (lots L3 and L4) as gelling agents, were evaluated for use in raw restructured seafood products. Several properties (pH, moisture content, water binding capacity, cooking loss and lightness) together with puncture data (breaking force and breaking deformation) were determined after 1 and 10 days of chilled storage at 5°C. All these data were analyzed together with different viscoelastic parameters obtained at small amplitude oscillatory strain (SAOS) after 1 day of chilled storage, showing that L1 and L4 samples were the most suitable gels for incorporation in raw restructured fish products. In both cases the highest stress (σmax) and strain (γmax) amplitude values were found in the linear viscoelastic (LVE) range; however, L1 showed both high strain amplitude and breaking deformation values. Moreover, creep and recovery (transient) data showed that L1 was the most time-stable gel with the highest elasticity and the lowest relaxation exponent (n). L4 gel showed strong rigidity, i.e. the highest values of breaking force and storage moduli (G') and the highest n value, making it less gel-like. Both L1 and L4 gels became significantly less gel-like over 10 days of chilled storage due to the loss of gel strength (S) and a noticeable increase of n. These chilled storage effects were more intense in L4 than in L1. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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