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Bertoletti J.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Marx G.C.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre | Hattge Junior S.P.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre | Pellanda L.C.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Pellanda L.C.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia | Year: 2014

Advances in cardiac surgery techniques and early diagnosis have enabled the increased survival of individuals with congenital heart disease. The investigation of the quality of life in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease provides complementary information to clinical data that can assist in decision making on the part of health professionals. Although many studies have been conducted to investigate the quality of life of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease, the results prove to be contradictory; while some studies show that congenital heart disease can impact the quality of life, others describe a better perception of quality of life among children and adolescents who suffer from the disease when compared with healthy control subjects. The purpose of this study is to review the literature on the assessment of health related quality of life in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease, in order to systematize the existing knowledge on this topic today. It is observed that research seeks to investigate aspects of personality in cardiac patients, their coping strategies used and perceived social support, aiming at better understanding the association of these variables with the level of quality of life in this population. Source

Brum C.A.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Stein A.T.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre | Stein A.T.,Lutheran University of Brazil | Pellanda L.C.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Pellanda L.C.,Federal University of Health Sciences, Porto Alegre
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia | Year: 2015

Background: Infant mortality has decreased in Brazil, but remains high as compared to that of other developing countries. In 2010, the Rio Grande do Sul state had the lowest infant mortality rate in Brazil. However, the municipality of Novo Hamburgo had the highest infant mortality rate in the Porto Alegre metropolitan region. Objectives: To describe the causes of infant mortality in the municipality of Novo Hamburgo from 2007 to 2010, identifying which causes were related to heart diseases and if they were diagnosed in the prenatal period, and to assess the access to healthcare services. Methods: This study assessed infants of the municipality of Novo Hamburgo, who died, and whose data were collected from the infant death investigation records. Results: Of the 157 deaths in that period, 35.3% were reducible through diagnosis and early treatment, 25% were reducible through partnership with other sectors, 19.2% were non-preventable, 11.5% were reducible by means of appropriate pregnancy monitoring, 5.1% were reducible through appropriate delivery care, and 3.8% were ill defined. The major cause of death related to heart disease (13.4%), which was significantly associated with the variables ‘age at death’, ‘gestational age’ and ‘birth weight’. Regarding access to healthcare services, 60.9% of the pregnant women had a maximum of six prenatal visits. Conclusion: It is mandatory to enhance prenatal care and newborn care at hospitals and basic healthcare units to prevent infant mortality. © 2015, Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia. All rights reserved. Source

Background: Percutaneous coronary intervention has grown dramatically in recent decades. However, reports of immediate and long-term results of this procedure in Brazilian institutions are sporadic and limited to some centers. This study is aimed at describing a national system to evaluate patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention in Brazil. Method: The ICP-BR Registry was established by a computerized network for data capture on coronary angioplasties performed in day-to-day interventional cardiology, without exclusion criteria. In the pilot phase 8 national centers were selected for the initial data collection. We report the clinical profile and in-hospital evolution of the first patients included. Results: From March 2009 to December 2009, 1,249 patients were included in the database. In total, 60% were treated by the Unified Health System, 38% by health insurance plans and 2% were private patients. Mean age was 63.7 ± 11.3 years, 36% were diabetic, 12% had prior surgery and 27% prior angioplasty. Upon admission, 39% were stable and 18% had ST elevation myocardial infarction. Intracoronary ultrasound or fractional flow reserve was performed in 2.8% cases. Stents were used in 93% of procedures, and drug-eluting stents in 16.2% of the patients. Mortality was 0.2% in stable patients, 2.4% in patients with acute coronary syndromes without ST elevation, 6.1% in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction and 3.6% in those with anginal equivalent. Conclusion: We describe the development and implementation of a computerized system to collect detailed data on percutaneous coronary intervention procedures in Brazil. Given the inclusive unrestricted character (all-comers) and prospective follow-up of patients, this data capture and recording system may contribute decisively to profile percutaneous coronary intervention in our country. Source

Lehnen T.E.,Faculdade Sogipa de Educacao Fisica | Lehnen T.E.,Institute Cardiologia Do Rio Grande Do sul | da Silva M.R.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Camacho A.,Faculdade Sogipa de Educacao Fisica | And 5 more authors.
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition | Year: 2015

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is highly found in fats from ruminants and it appears to favorably modify the body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors. The capacity of CLA to reduce the body fat levels as well as its benefic actions on glycemic profile, atherosclerosis and cancer has already been proved in experimental models. Furthermore, CLA supplementation may modulate the immune function, help re-synthetize of glycogen and potentiate the bone mineralization. CLA supplementation also could increase the lipolysis and reduce the accumulation of fatty acids on the adipose tissue; the putative mechanisms involved may be its action in reducing the lipase lipoprotein activity and to increase the carnitine-palmitoil-transferase-1 (CAT-1) activity, its interaction with PPARγ, and to raise the expression of UCP-1. Although studies made in human have shown some benefits of CLA supplementation as the weight loss, the results are still discordant. Moreover, some have shown adverse effects, such as negative effects on glucose metabolism and lipid profile. The purpose of this article is to review the available data regarding the benefits of CLA on the energetic metabolism and body composition, emphasizing action mechanisms. © 2015 Lehnen et al. Source

Abelin A.P.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | David R.B.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Gottschall C.A.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc | Quadros A.S.,Institute Cardiologia Fundacao Of Cardiologia Ic Fuc
Canadian Journal of Cardiology | Year: 2014

Background: Comparisons between dedicated risk scores in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) in real-world clinical practice are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE), Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction (PAMI), Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI), and Zwolle scores in STEMI patients undergoing pPCI in contemporary clinical practice. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study of consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing pPCI between December 2009 and November 2010 in a high-volume tertiary referral centre. The outcomes assessed were major cardiovascular events (MACEs) and death within 30 days. The diagnostic accuracy of the scores was assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves, and scores were compared using the DeLong method. Results: During the study period, 501 patients were included. Within 30 days, 62 patients (12.4%) presented a MACE and 39 individuals (7.8%) died. All scores were statistically associated with death and MACE within 30 days (P < 0.01). The c-statistic and 95% confidence intervals for 30-day mortality were: GRACE, 0.84 (0.78-0.90); TIMI, 0.81 (0.74-0.87); Zwolle, 0.80 (0.73-0.87); and PAMI, 0.75 (0.68-0.82) (P < 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference regarding the accuracy of the TIMI, GRACE, and Zwolle scores for 30-day mortality, but the GRACE score was superior to the PAMI score (P < 0.01). Conclusions: The TIMI, GRACE, and Zwolle scores performed equally well as predictors of mortality in patients who underwent pPCI in current practice. These results suggest that these scores are suitable options for risk assessment in a real-world setting. © 2014 Canadian Cardiovascular Society. Source

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