Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo

São Paulo, Brazil

Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo

São Paulo, Brazil
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Goncalves-Oliveira R.C.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Wanderley M.D.G.L.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Phytotaxa | Year: 2017

Hohenbergia isepponae (Bromeliaceae), a new species from the Atlantic Forest of Pernambuco, Brazil is described and illustrated herewith. We also compared it with the morphologically similar species. © 2017 Magnolia Press.

Yano O.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Bordin J.,State University of Rio Grande do Sul
Boletin de la Sociedad Argentina de Botanica | Year: 2017

Enlargement of the knowledge of geographical distribution for species of Bryophytes in Brazil. About 1.524 species of bryophytes are known in Brazil, distributed throughout the national territory. Floristic studies always reveal new occurrences, increasing the geographic distribution of several species. The aim of this work is to increase the knowledge of the geographical distribution of fifteen species of bryophytes for the states of Amazonas, Goiás, Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul. Thirty samples were analyzed and nine species of mosses (Bryophyta) and six species of hepatic (Marchantiophyta) were identified. Two species were identified as new occurrences for the state of Rio Grande do SuI, one for the state of Amazonas and one for the state of Goiás. Eleven species have their geographical distribution expanded, being cited for the second time to the states of Amazonas, Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul, increasing the knowledge of the geographic distribution of these taxa.

Kelly Koch A.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | De Rezende Cardoso A.L.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi | Ilkiu-Borges A.L.,Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi
Phytotaxa | Year: 2013

A new species of Passiflora is described from reforested post bauxite-mined area in the National Forest of Saracá-Taquera in the Brazilian state of Pará. The species is illustrated and its affinities with related species are discussed, and a key to the species of supersection Laurifoliae, series Quadrangulares is presented. The series Quadrangulares is composed of four species that constitute a small complex of large-flowered and large-fruited passionflowers with 3-4-angulate-winged stems that occurs naturally in the moist lowlands from Nicaragua to Brazil and French Guiana. However, among the four species of the series, Passiflora trialata is closely related to the new species by the 3-angular stems, the color and shape of sepals and petals, the 3-angular petioles and peduncles, and the single operculum. © 2013 Magnolia Press.

In Rio Grande do Sul State green algae are largely unknown and most studies are concentrated in the regions of the Coastal Plain and Central Depression, localitions near Porto Alegre. This paper aims to present the Chlorococcales and Zygnematales species found in a pond at Balneário do Lérmen, Itaára, from June 2004 to June 2005. Samples were collected with a plankton net at four stations of the pond. The water pH ranged between 6 and 8. We identified 43 taxa in specific and infra-specific levels and three taxa in generic level. The taxa Radiococcus planktonicus Lund, Golenkinia paucispina West & West, Closterium turgidum Ehrenberg ex Ralfs, Staurastrum caledonense Hüber-Pestalozzi and Staurastrum cingulum (West & West) Smith var. obesum Smith are first reports for Rio Grande do Sul State. Chlorophyceae, represented by Chlorococcales, showed greatest specific richness with 38 taxa in comparison with Zygnematophyceae (8).

Mota N.F.O.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Wanderley M.G.L.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Rodriguesia | Year: 2013

Xyris is a genus of about 400 species distributed in tropical regions, reaching temperate areas of the Americas and Australia. The Espinhaço Range concentrates a great wealth of Xyris species; the genus is among the richest of monocots occurring in these mountains. This paper presents a new species of Xyris named for its type locality, the State Park of Rio Preto, located in the far northeast of the Diamantina plateau, in the Espinhaço (Minas Gerais). Illustrations of diagnostic characters, a comparison with morphologically related species, as well as information on ecology and phenology of the new species are provided.

Wetzel C.E.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Wetzel C.E.,Center De Recherche Public Gabriel Lippmann | Lange-Bertalot H.,Goethe University Frankfurt | Morales E.A.,Bolivian Catholic University | And 3 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2012

Bicudoa amazonica C.E. Wetzel, Lange-Bertalot & Ector gen. nov. et sp. nov. is described using light and scanning electron microscopy. It differs from 'araphid' genera by a unique combination of characters such as the absence of a raphe system, helictoglossae, rimoportulae, apical pore fields and linking spines, while other features including striae, areolae apparently without occlusion on valve and girdle elements, structure of the cingulum, and displacement of axial area place Bicudoa close to Eunotia. The taxonomic placement of the new organism at the class and family levels is discussed and it is concluded that placing Bicudoa in any of the current Fragilariophyceae families would be inappropriate. Instead, we place Bicudoa in the Bacillariophyceae and reserve the decision to place it in a family until further evidence is gathered. Based on ultrastructure, it is proposed that Bicudoa is a rather recent result of a complete loss of the raphe system and associated structures in a relatively recent eunotioid ancestor. Bicudoa amazonica was found in the upper reaches of the Rio Negro basin (Brazilian Amazon), a low pH, black water river (oligotrophic and humic). While the taxon was rare in plankton and benthic samples, it was rather common in excrement samples of the turtle Podocnemis erythrocephala (Testudines, Podocnemididae). The discovery of Bicudoa amazonica besides to the recent description of several new eunotioid taxa from Rio Negro basin suggests that speciation and isolation leading to endemism in Amazonian oligotrophic/dystrophic habitats is remarkable. © 2012 Magnolia Press.

Moura B.B.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | de Souza S.R.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Alves E.S.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2014

Ozone (O3) is a toxic secondary pollutant able to cause an intense oxidative stress that induces visual symptoms on sensitive plant species. Controlled fumigation experiment was conducted with the aim to verify the O3 sensibility of three tropical species: Piptadenia gonoachanta (Mart.) Macbr. (Fabaceae), Astronium graveolens Jacq. (Anacardiaceae), and Croton floribundus Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae). The microscopical features involved in the oxidative stress were recognized based on specific histochemical analysis. The three species showed visual symptoms, characterized as necrosis and stippling between the veins, mostly visible on the adaxial leaf surface. All the studied species presented hypersensitive-like response (HR-like), and peroxide hydrogen accumulation (H2O2) followed by cell death and proanthocyanidin oxidation in P. gonoachanta and A. graveolens. In P. gonoachanta, a decrease in chlorophyll autofluorescence occurred on symptomatic tissues, and in A. graveolens and C. floribundus, a polyphenol compound accumulation occurred. The responses of Brazilian native species were similar to those described for sensitive species from temperate climate, and microscopical markers may be useful for the detection of ozone symptoms in future studies in the field. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Coelho C.B.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Esteves L.M.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Grana | Year: 2011

The epiphytic fern genus Serpocaulon (Polypodiaceae) comprises 42 species nested within the neotropical clade of the family together with genera such as Campyloneurum, Grammitis, Microgramma, Niphidium, Pleopeltis, Pecluma, Polypodium and Terpsichore. Although Serpocaulon is a well-supported genus, its intra-specific relationships are still not completely resolved. The morphological dataset for Serpocaulon and related genera is therefore expanded here with information on spore morphology to provide additional information for phylogenetic consideration. Spores have been collected from herbarium vouchers and acetolysed for light and scanning electron microscopy. All members of the neotropical clade have monolete spores, except for Grammitis and Terpsichore, which have trilete spores. Both verrucate and papillate ornamentation types are recognised. The palynological analysis shows close similarity between spores of Serpocaulon, Campyloneurum, Pleopeltis and Polypodium and supports close phylogenetic relationships between these taxa. Species of the grammitid clade, although nested within the Polypodiaceae, have spore morphology that supports a separate position. © 2011 Collegium Palynologicum Scandinavicum.

Fardin K.M.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Young M.C.M.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Letters in Applied Microbiology | Year: 2015

There is significant interest in research to develop plant extracts with fungicidal activities that are less harmful to the environment and human health than synthetic fungicides. This study aimed to evaluate the antifungal activity of the extracts of Avicennia schaueriana against Colletotrichum and Cladosporium species and to identify the compounds responsible for the activity. Leaves and stems of A. schaueriana were extracted with ethanol and partitioned with petroleum ether, chloroform and ethyl acetate. The antifungal activity of such extracts was tested by bioautography against Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Colletotrichum lagenarium. Ethanolic extracts, petroleum ether and chloroform fractions of stems had the highest antifungal activity with several active bands (Rf = 0·72 and Rf = 0·55). In the agar dilution assay, ethanolic extract, petroleum ether and chloroform fractions of stems were the most efficacious, presenting 85, 62 and 63% growth inhibition of Colletotrichum gloeopsporioides and minimum inhibitory concentration values between 1 and 1·5 mg ml-1, respectively. Analysis carried out using gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometry of petroleum ether and chloroform fractions allowed the identification of fatty acids methyl esters, lupeol and naphthoquinones such as lapachol, α-lapachone, naphtho[2,3-b]furan-4,9-dione, 2-isopropyl- and avicenol-C. We may infer that the antifungal activity of A. schaueriana is due to the abundance of these compounds. © 2015 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

da Silva Patekoski K.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo | Pires-Zottarelli C.L.A.,Institute Botanica Of Sao Paulo
Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira | Year: 2010

The objective of this work was to evaluate the pathogenicity of Pythium aphanidermatum to lettuce varieties, and the action of the product Biotrich, formulated with Trichoderma, in the control of this pathogen and its effect on plant growth promotion. In a in vitro experiment, germinated seedlings of Vera and Elisa lettuce varieties were placed in Petri dishes with water-agar and 1mL Biotrich suspension (0.2 mL L -1), and after 24 hours, on plugs with the Pythium isolate mycelium. The evaluations were done ten days after the incubation at 20 and 31°C. In vivo experiments were carried out during the spring and summer, using the Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) system, in a completely randomized design, following a 2x2x2 factorial arrangement, as well: two varieties; pathogen abscence or presence; and with or without Biotrich addition. At the end of cultivation, the fresh and dry weight of shoots and roots were analyzed. In vitro, P. aphanidermatum had increased aggressiveness at 31°C. However, no pathogenicity was observed in vivo. Generally, Biotrich did not promote plant growth; however, it was effective in controlling the pathogen in vitro. Pythium aphanidermatum is pathogenic to lettuce varieties Vera and Elisa, at 20 and 31°C, and Biotrich is effective for its control at these temperatures.

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