Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias

Oviedo, Spain

Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias

Oviedo, Spain
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Valledor L.,University of Oviedo | Valledor L.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Valledor L.,University of Vienna | Canal M.J.,University of Oviedo | And 8 more authors.
Physiologia Plantarum | Year: 2012

The continuous atmospheric and environmental deterioration is likely to increase, among others, the influx of ultraviolet B (UV-B) radiation. The plants have photoprotective responses, which are complex mechanisms involving different physiological responses, to avoid the damages caused by this radiation that may lead to plant death. We have studied the adaptive responses to UV-B in Pinus radiata, given the importance of this species in conifer forests and reforestation programs. We analyzed the photosynthetic activity, pigments content, and gene expression of candidate genes related to photosynthesis, stress and gene regulation in needles exposed to UV-B during a 96 h time course. The results reveal a clear increase of pigments under UV-B stress while photosynthetic activity decreased. The expression levels of the studied genes drastically changed after UV-B exposure, were stress related genes were upregulated while photosynthesis (RBCA and RBCS) and epigenetic regulation were downregulated (MSI1, CSDP2, SHM4). The novel gene PrELIP1, fully sequenced for this work, was upregulated and expressed mainly in the palisade parenchyma of needles. This gene has conserved domains related to the dissipation of the UV-B radiation that give to this protein a key role during photoprotection response of the needles in Pinus radiata. © Physiologia Plantarum 2012.


Meijon M.,University of Oviedo | Meijon M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Meijon M.,Gregor Mendel Institute of Molecular Plant Biology | Feito I.,Servicio Regional de Investigacion Desarrollo Agroalimentario SERIDA | And 7 more authors.
Physiologia Plantarum | Year: 2011

The ability to control the timing of flowering is a key strategy for planning production in ornamental species such as the azalea; however, this requires a thorough understanding of floral induction pathways. DNA methylation is one of the main mechanisms involved in controlling the functional state of chromatin and gene expression in response to environmental and developmental signals. This work investigated the promotion of flowering in azaleas by the manipulation of environmental factors, using DNA methylation levels as a marker of floral bud development. The results showed that the change of long-day (LD) to short-day (SD) photoperiod is the primary factor responsible for floral induction in azaleas, whereas the existence of the previous cold period as well as the physiological memory are factors which improve floral production. Furthermore, for blooming to take place, 1300 units of growing degree days under an LD were necessary. The promotion of flowering in azaleas by alterations of photoperiod and temperature induced DNA methylation changes. The demethylation observed after the change from LD to SD is linked to a change in cell fate which is necessary for floral transition to take place and seems to be associated with the floral signal. Copyright © Physiologia Plantarum 2011.


Cortizo M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Alvarez J.M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Rodriguez A.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Fernandez B.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Ordas R.J.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias
Journal of Plant Physiology | Year: 2010

Type-A response regulators play an important role in cytokinin-induced adventitious shoot formation, acting as negative regulators of cytokinin signal transduction. In this work, we obtained the full-length cDNA clone of a type-A response regulator from the conifer Pinus pinea, designated PipiRR1. The derived peptide sequence showed all the characteristic motifs found in angiosperms. Gene expression analysis showed that the gene was differentially expressed during adventitious shoot formation in P. pinea cotyledons, suggesting that PipiRR1 may play a role in caulogenesis in conifers. This is the first type-A response regulator identified in gymnosperms. © 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Meijon M.,University of Oviedo | Meijon M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Jesus Canal M.,University of Oviedo | Jesus Canal M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | And 5 more authors.
Physiologia Plantarum | Year: 2011

The ability to control the timing of flowering is a key strategy in planning the production of ornamental species such as azaleas; however, it requires a thorough understanding of floral transition. DNA methylation is involved in controlling the functional state of chromatin and gene expression during floral induction pathways in response to environmental and developmental signals. Plant hormone signalling is also known to regulate suites of morphogenic processes in plants and its role in flowering-time control is starting to emerge as a key controlling step. This work investigates if the gibberellin (GA) inhibitors and chemical pinching applied in improvement of azalea flowering alter the dynamics of DNA methylation or the levels of polyamines (PAs), GAs and cytokinins (CKs) during floral transition, and whether these changes could be related to the effects observed on flowering ability. DNA methylation during floral transition and endogenous content of PAs, GAs and CKs were analysed after the application of GA synthesis inhibitors (daminozide, paclobutrazol and chlormequat chloride) and a chemical pruner (fatty acids). The application of GA biosynthesis inhibitors caused alterations in levels of PAs, GAs and CKs and in global DNA methylation levels during floral transition; also, these changes in plant growth regulators and DNA methylation were correlated with flower development. DNA methylation, PA, GA and CK levels can be used as predictive markers of plant floral capacity in azalea. © Physiologia Plantarum 2010.


Meijon M.,University of Oviedo | Meijon M.,Institute Biotecnologia Of Asturias | Feito I.,SERIDA | Valledor L.,University of Oviedo | And 5 more authors.
BMC Plant Biology | Year: 2010

Background: The ability to control the timing of flowering is a key strategy for planning production in ornamental species such as azalea, however it requires a thorough understanding of floral transition. Floral transition is achieved through a complex genetic network and regulated by multiple environmental and endogenous cues. Dynamic changes between chromatin states facilitating or inhibiting DNA transcription regulate the expression of floral induction pathways in response to environmental and developmental signals. DNA methylation and histone modifications are involved in controlling the functional state of chromatin and gene expression.Results: The results of this work indicate that epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation and histone H4 acetylation have opposite and particular dynamics during the transition from vegetative to reproductive development in the apical shoots of azalea. Global levels of DNA methylation and histone H4 acetylation as well as immunodetection of 5-mdC and acetylated H4, in addition to a morphological study have permitted the delimitation of four basic phases in the development of the azalea bud and allowed the identification of a stage of epigenetic reprogramming which showed a sharp decrease of whole DNA methylation similar to that is defined in other developmental processes in plants and in mammals.Conclusion: The epigenetic control and reorganization of chromatin seem to be decisive for coordinating floral development in azalea. DNA methylation and H4 deacetylation act simultaneously and co-ordinately, restructuring the chromatin and regulating the gene expression during soot apical meristem development and floral differentiation. © 2010 Meijón et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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