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Nobre D.A.C.,Federal University of Vicosa | Sediyama C.S.,Federal University of Vicosa | Arthur V.,University of Sao Paulo | Piovesan N.D.,Institute Biotecnologia Aplicada a Agropecuaria | Da Silva A.S.L.,Federal University of Vicosa
Semina:Ciencias Agrarias

High quality seeds are required for soybean production. This study evaluated the effect of gamma irradiation and storage time on seed quality in soybean lines VX04-6828 and VX04-5692. Seeds were gamma irradiated (60Co) with 0, 50, 150, and 250 Gy. After the first seed production cycle (M1), the harvested seeds were stored in the laboratory for 0, 2, 4, and 6 months. Moisture content, seed quality (germination rate, dead seeds, and normal and abnormal seedlings), and seed vigor (first germination count, germination index, and seedling length) were determined. Data were submitted to analysis of variance for each soybean line using a 4 × 4 factorial design (four storage times x four gamma irradiation doses). Response surfaces were constructed based on the F test significance (p ≤ 0.05). VX04-5692 seeds were more sensitive to gamma radiation than were VX04-6828 seeds. Soybean seed quality was highest in M2 seeds derived from seeds irradiated with less than 100 Gy and stored for up to two months. High gamma irradiation doses and long storage times reduced soybean seed quality. Source

Tessarollo N.G.,CEP | Tessarollo N.G.,Institute Biotecnologia Aplicada a Agropecuaria | Carrijo L.C.,CEP | Carrijo L.C.,Institute Biotecnologia Aplicada a Agropecuaria | And 12 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais

Aqueous extracts from the medicinal plant Achillea millefolium contain macromolecules of interest to develop agrochemicals for agriculture. Two fractions of "mil folhas" were obtained by ultrafiltration, E1 (containing molecules larger than 30 kDa) and E3 (peptides between 1 and 10 kDa), which inhibited the growth of phytopathogenic bacteria Ralstonia solanacearum, gram-negative, and Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis, gram-positive, concentration dependent. The values of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for both extracts and both bacteria were low, ranging from 20 to 80μM. The MIC relative to total protein evidenced the presence of very active macromolecules in E3, although showing low protein concentration. E3 applies to the prospection of antimicrobial peptides. The estimated MIC relative to the amount of plant sample valued the natural antimicrobial potential of E1, which contains high protein concentration. E1 and E3 can be used in the development of agrochemicals for biotechnological purposes. The ultrafiltration procedure fractionated the samples in a rapid and native way and at a low cost; it also desalted, clarified, concentrated and purified both E1 and E3. This pioneering study on the separomics and on the antimicrobial activity of macromolecular aqueous extracts from "mil folhas" suggests that healing plants have great potential to develop non-harmful agricultural natural agrochemicals, similarly to the available phytotherapic drugs. Source

Da Rodrigues J.I.S.,Federal University of Vicosa | de Miranda F.D.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Ferreira A.,Federal University of Espirito Santo | Borges L.L.,Institute Biotecnologia Aplicada a Agropecuaria | And 6 more authors.
Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira

The objective of this study was to detect and map quantitative trait loci (QTL) affecting soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) protein and oil contents. F2 plants, derived from the cross between the CS3032PTA276 line and the variety UFVS2012, were grown in a greenhouse and provided the leaves for DNA extraction and analysis. Forty-eight polymorphic microsatelite markers (SSR) were evaluated in the F2 population. Evaluation of the phenotype was performed in 207 families from F2:3 progenies, in a complete block design with three replicates, carried out in Viçosa, MG, Brazil, in 2006. Four QTL associated with protein content, in linkage groups D1a, G, A1, and I, and three QTL for oil content in groups A1, I and O were identified. Phenotypic variation for protein and oil explained by QTL ranged from 6.24 to 18.94% and 17.26 to 25.93%, respectively. New QTL associated with protein and oil contents were detected, besides those previously reported in other studies. Other regions may be involved in the genetic control of protein and oil contents in soybean besides those already known. Source

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