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Rosal-Vela A.,Institute Parasitologia | Barroso A.,University of Barcelona | Gimenez E.,University of Barcelona | Garcia-Rodriguez S.,Institute Parasitologia | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2016

Collagen type II-induced arthritis (CIA) is an inflammatory and autoimmune disease. Spleen protein extracts were subjected to 2D-DiGE and MS-MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis to identify protein species that differ in abundance in CD38-KO versus B6 WT mice either with arthritis or with inflammation. Using multivariate analyses, in Col-II-immunized mice, 23 distinct spleen protein species were able to discriminate between WT and CD38-KO mice. Among them, several citrullinated proteins and multiple serotransferrin (Tf) species were identified. In contrast, in CFA/IFA-treated mice, the distinct protein profile, which discriminates between CD38-KO and WT mice, was unrelated with Tf, but not with citrullination. Unexpectedly, non-immunized CD38-KO mice showed a distinct proteome profile as compared with that in non-immunized WT mice, and again multiple protein species were identified as Tf. By using a μLC-TOF-MS method to separate and detect Tf glycopeptide glycoforms, increases in fucosylation and glycan branching was observed in sera from mice CIA+ versus non-immunized, and between WT and CD38-KO with arthritis. Data on 2-DE Tf spots indicated differences in glycosylation related with NeuGc content. Thus, Tf changed significantly in its glycosylation pattern in arthritic mice. The MS data have been deposited to the ProteomeXchange Consortium with the dataset identifiers: PXD002644, PXD002643, PXD003183, and PXD003163. Significance: 2-DE followed by μLC-TOF-MS could be implemented to identify Tf glycoforms linked to specific protein species, and correlate a particular Tf species to a function. To gain insight into the relationship between transferrin glycoforms and its biological function it is particularly interesting to study putative differences in the glycosylation pattern of Tf in specific tissues associated with the disease (i.e.: joints), or in specific compartments such as exosomes/microvesicles, which are highly enriched in Tf receptors. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Rad R.,TU Munich | Rad R.,German Cancer Research Center | Rad R.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute | Cadinanos J.,Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute | And 27 more authors.
Cancer Cell | Year: 2013

We show that BRAFV600E initiates an alternative pathway to colorectal cancer (CRC), which progresses through a hyperplasia/adenoma/carcinoma sequence. This pathway underlies significant subsets of CRCs with distinctive pathomorphologic/genetic/epidemiologic/clinical characteristics. Genetic and functional analyses in mice revealed a series of stage-specific molecular alterations driving different phases of tumor evolution and uncovered mechanisms underlying this stage specificity. We further demonstrate dose-dependent effects of oncogenic signaling, with physiologic BrafV600E expression being sufficient for hyperplasia induction, but later stage intensified Mapk-signaling driving both tumor progression and activation of intrinsic tumor suppression. Such phenomena explain, for example, the inability of p53 to restrain tumor initiation as well as its importance in invasiveness control, and the late stage specificity of its somatic mutation. Finally, systematic drug screening revealed sensitivity of this CRC subtype to targeted therapeutics, including Mek or combinatorial PI3K/Braf inhibition. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Loregger A.,TU Munich | Loregger A.,University of Amsterdam | Grandl M.,TU Munich | Mejias-Luque R.,TU Munich | And 19 more authors.
Science Signaling | Year: 2015

Given its fundamental role in development and cancer, the Wnt-β-catenin signaling pathway is tightly controlled at multiple levels. RING finger protein 43 (RNF43) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase originally found in stem cells and proposed to inhibit Wnt signaling by interacting with the Wnt receptors of the Frizzled family. We detected endogenous RNF43 in the nucleus of human intestinal crypt and colon cancer cells. We found that RNF43 physically interacted with T cell factor 4 (TCF4) in cells and tethered TCF4 to the nuclear membrane, thus silencing TCF4 transcriptional activity even in the presence of constitutively activemutants of β-catenin. This inhibitorymechanismwas disrupted by the expression ofRNF43 bearing mutations found in human gastrointestinal tumors, and transactivation of theWnt pathway was observed in various cells and in Xenopus embryos when the RING domain of RNF43 was mutated. Our findings indicate thatRNF43 inhibits theWnt pathway downstreamof oncogenicmutations that activate the pathway. Mimicking or enhancing this inhibitory activity of RNF43 may be useful to treat cancers arising from aberrant activation of the Wnt pathway.

Fisher M.,University of Dundee | Fisher M.,Roslin Institute | Downie H.,University of Bath | Welten M.C.M.,University of Bath | And 9 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Hoxd13, Tbx2, Tbx3, Sall1 and Sall3 genes are candidates for encoding antero-posterior positional values in the developing chick wing and specifying digit identity. In order to build up a detailed profile of gene expression patterns in cell lineages that give rise to each of the digits over time, we compared 3 dimensional (3D) expression patterns of these genes during wing development and related them to digit fate maps. 3D gene expression data at stages 21, 24 and 27 spanning early bud to digital plate formation, captured from in situ hybridisation whole mounts using Optical Projection Tomography (OPT) were mapped to reference wing bud models. Grafts of wing bud tissue from GFP chicken embryos were used to fate map regions of the wing bud giving rise to each digit; 3D images of the grafts were captured using OPT and mapped on to the same models. Computational analysis of the combined computerised data revealed that Tbx2 and Tbx3 are expressed in digit 3 and 4 progenitors at all stages, consistent with encoding stable antero-posterior positional values established in the early bud; Hoxd13 and Sall1 expression is more dynamic, being associated with posterior digit 3 and 4 progenitors in the early bud but later becoming associated with anterior digit 2 progenitors in the digital plate. Sox9 expression in digit condensations lies within domains of digit progenitors defined by fate mapping; digit 3 condensations express Hoxd13 and Sall1, digit 4 condensations Hoxd13, Tbx3 and to a lesser extent Tbx2. Sall3 is only transiently expressed in digit 3 progenitors at stage 24 together with Sall1 and Hoxd13; then becomes excluded from the digital plate. These dynamic patterns of expression suggest that these genes may play different roles in digit identity either together or in combination at different stages including the digit condensation stage. © 2011 Fisher et al.

Martinez N.,Hospital Marques de Valdecilla IFIMAV | Almaraz C.,Hospital Marques de Valdecilla IFIMAV | Vaque J.P.,Hospital Marques de Valdecilla IFIMAV | Varela I.,Institute Biomedicina Y Biotecnologia Of Cantabria | And 24 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2014

Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a B-cell neoplasm whose molecular pathogenesis remains fundamentally unexplained, requiring more precise diagnostic markers. Previous molecular studies have revealed 7q loss and mutations of nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), B-cell receptor (BCR) and Notch signalling genes. We performed whole-exome sequencing in a series of SMZL cases. Results confirmed that SMZL is an entity distinct from other low-grade B-cell lymphomas, and identified mutations in multiple genes involved in marginal zone development, and others involved in NF-κB, BCR, chromatin remodelling and the cytoskeleton. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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