Ripodas C.,Institute Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular |
Clua J.,Institute Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular |
Battaglia M.,Institute Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular |
Baudin M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research |
And 3 more authors.
Plant signaling & behavior | Year: 2014
Transcription factors are DNA binding proteins that regulate gene expression. The nitrogen fixing symbiosis established between legume plants and soil bacteria is a complex interaction, in which plants need to integrate signals derived from the symbiont and the surrounding environment to initiate the developmental program of nodule organogenesis and the infection process. Several transcription factors that play critical roles in these processes have been reported in the past decade, including proteins of the GRAS and NF-Y families. Recently, we reported the characterization of a new GRAS domain containing-protein that interacts with a member of the C subunit of the NF-Y family, which plays an important role in nodule development and the progression of bacterial infection during the symbiotic interaction. The connection between transcription factors of these families highlights the significance of multimeric complexes in the fabulous capacity of plants to integrate and respond to multiple environmental stimuli.
Scassa M.E.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Del Desarrollo Celular |
de Giusti C.J.,Institute Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular |
Questa M.,Laboratorio Of Biologia Del Desarrollo Celular |
Pretre G.,Institute Biotecnologia y Biologia Molecular |
And 7 more authors.
Stem Cell Research | Year: 2011
We studied the susceptibility of human embryonic stem cells and derived contractile embryoid bodies from WAO9, HUES-5 and HUES-16 cell lines to Coxsackievirus B infection. After validating stem cell-like properties and cardiac phenotype, Coxsackievirus B receptors CAR and DAF, as well as type I interferon receptors were detected in all cell lines and differentiation stages studied. Real-time PCR analysis showed that CAR mRNA levels were 3.4-fold higher in undifferentiated cells, while DAF transcript levels were 2.78-fold more abundant in differentiated cultures (P<0.05). All cell lines were susceptible to Coxsackievirus serotypes B1-5 infection as shown by RT-PCR detection of viral RNA, immunofluorescence detection of viral protein and infectivity titration of cell culture supernatants resulting in cell death. Supernatants infectivity titers 24-48h post-infection ranged from 105-106 plaque forming units (PFU)/ml, the highest titers were detected in undifferentiated cells. Cell viability detected by a colorimetric assay, showed inverse correlation with infectivity titers of cell culture supernatants. Treatment with 100 U of interferon Iβ significantly reduced viral replication and associated cell death during a 24-48 h observation period, as detected by reduced infectivity titers in the supernatants and increased cell viability by a colorimetric assay, respectively. We propose human embryonic stem cell and derived contractile embryoid bodies as a valid model to study cardiac Coxsackievirus B infection. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.