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Xalapa de Enríquez, Mexico

Nicolalde-Morejon F.,Biologia Evolutiva Institute Ecologia | Nicolalde-Morejon F.,University of Veracruz | Vergara-Silva F.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Gonzalez-Astorga J.,Biologia Evolutiva Institute Ecologia | And 3 more authors.
Cladistics | Year: 2011

A DNA barcoding study was conducted to determine the optimal combination of loci needed for successful species-level molecular identification in three extant cycad genera-Ceratozamia, Dioon, and Zamia-that occur in Mexico. Based on conclusions of a previous multigene study in representative species of all genera in the Cycadales, we tested the DNA barcoding performance of seven chloroplast coding (matK, rpoB, rpoC1, and rbcL) and non-coding (atpF/H, psbK/I, and trnH-psbA) regions, plus sequences of the nuclear internal transcribed spacer. We analysed data under the assumptions of the "character attributes organization system" (CAOS), a character-based approach in which species are identified through the presence of 'DNA diagnostics'. In Ceratozamia, four chloroplast regions and one nuclear region were needed to achieve >70% unique species identification. In contrast, the two-gene combination atpF/H+psbK/I and the four-gene combination atpF/H+psbK/I+rpoC1+ITS2 were needed to reach 79% and 75% unique species identification in Dioon and Zamia, respectively. The combinations atpF/H+psbK/I and atpF/H+psbK/I+rpoC1+ITS2 include loci previously considered by the international DNA barcoding community. However, none of the three combinations of potential DNA barcoding loci found to be optimal with a character-based approach in the Mexican cycads coincides with the 'core barcode' of chloroplast markers (matK+rbcL) recently proposed for universal use in the plant kingdom. © The Willi Hennig Society 2010. Source

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