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Quenel-Tueux N.,Institute Bergonie Comprehensive Cancer Center | Debled M.,Institute Bergonie Comprehensive Cancer Center | Rudewicz J.,Institute Bergonie Comprehensive Cancer Center | Rudewicz J.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 30 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of neoadjuvant anastrozole and fulvestrant treatment of large operable or locally advanced hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer not eligible for initial breast-conserving surgery, and to identify genomic changes occurring after treatment. Methods: One hundred and twenty post-menopausal patients were randomised to receive 1 mg anastrozole (61 patients) or 500 mg fulvestrant (59 patients) for 6 months. Genomic DNA copy number profiles were generated for a subgroup of 20 patients before and after treatment. Results: A total of 108 patients were evaluable for efficacy and 118 for toxicity. The objective response rate determined by clinical palpation was 58.9% (95% CI=45.0-71.9) in the anastrozole arm and 53.8% (95% CI=39.5-67.8) in the fulvestrant arm. The breast-conserving surgery rate was 58.9% (95% CI=45.0-71.9) in the anastrozole arm and 50.0% (95% CI=35.8-64.2) in the fulvestrant arm. Pathological responses >50% occurred in 24 patients (42.9%) in the anastrozole arm and 13 (25.0%) in the fulvestrant arm. The Ki-67 score fell after treatment but there was no significant difference between the reduction in the two arms (anastrozole 16.7% (95% CI=13.3-21.0) before, 3.2% (95% CI=1.9-5.5) after, n=43; fulvestrant 17.1% (95%CI=13.1-22.5) before, 3.2% (95% CI=1.8-5.7) after, n=38) or between the reduction in Ki-67 in clinical responders and non-responders. Genomic analysis appeared to show a reduction of clonal diversity following treatment with selection of some clones with simpler copy number profiles. Conclusions: Both anastrozole and fulvestrant were effective and well-tolerated, enabling breast-conserving surgery in over 50% of patients. Clonal changes consistent with clonal selection by the treatment were seen in a subgroup of patients. © 2015 Cancer Research UK.

Fei F.,EORTC | Messina C.,EORTC | Slaets L.,EORTC | Chakiba C.,Institute Bergonie Comprehensive Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Purpose Although achieving a pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) in breast cancer predicts a better outcome, some patients still relapse. The objectives of this study were to describe the types of events in this group of patients and to identify predictive factors for relapse. Methods Patients with large operable or locally advanced breast cancers (T4d tumours were excluded) were randomised to receive either six cycles of anthracycline-based chemotherapy or three cycles of docetaxel followed by three cycles of eprirubicin/docetaxel. pCR was defined as no evidence of residual invasive cancer (or very few scattered tumour cells) in the primary tumour and axillary lymph nodes at surgery. Two Cox regression analyses were performed to identify predictive factors of relapse: one for recurrence-free interval (RFI) and one for distant recurrence-free interval (DRFI). Results Out of 283 eligible patients who achieved a pCR, 40 (14.1%) and 28 (9.9%) presented an event of interest for the RFI and DRFI analyses, respectively. Five-year RFI, DRFI and overall survival (OS) were 85.3% (95% confidence interval (CI), 80.1-89.3), 89.6% (95% CI, 85.0-92.9) and 91.9% (95% CI, 87.2-94.9), respectively. No predictors for RFI after pCR were identified. For DRFI, tumour size was the only predictor: Hazard ratio (HR) T3 versus T1-2 = 3.62 (95% CI, 1.66-7.89); HR T4 versus T1-2: HR, 2.80 (95% CI, 0.62-12.64) p = 0.0048. Conclusion In this study, clinical tumour size emerged as the only predictor for DRFI after pCR, with T3 and T4 tumours having an increased risk for distant recurrence compared to T1-2 tumours. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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