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São Paulo, Brazil

Garcia-Jerez A.,University of Almeria | Luzon F.,University of Almeria | Navarro M.,University of Almeria | Santoyo M.A.,Institute Astronomia
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America | Year: 2010

The single circular array (SCA) method is a spatial autocorrelation (SPAC)-like technique for ambient noise exploration. Its main feature is the possibility of calculation of Love-wave dispersion curves by using centerless circular arrays of 3-component seismometers, allowing independent processing of each circle. Situations in which Rayleigh-wave and Love-wave arrivals or waves coming from different azimuths are mutually correlated are also correctly dealt with in this method. An algorithm for practical calculation of the SCA coefficient B is described. The algorithm includes averaging over a set of time windows and minimizes the number of spectral ratios to be computed for the purposes of stability. Numerical tests show that SCA coefficients estimated in this way have quite a robust behavior. Bias due to use of a finite number of sensors, as well as to effects of nonpropagating incoherent noise, has been theoretically studied in both the deterministic and the stationary random-field formulations. Using a finite number of stations is a cause of bias even under isotropic illumination conditions. Nevertheless, its effect can be neglected for wavelengths-to-radius ratios above a threshold that depends on the number of evenly distributed sensors. By contrast, uncorrelated noise may affect the whole frequency band and is behind the limitations of the method at low frequencies. Finally, we present the first real data test of this method, consisting of a comparison between theoretical and experimental Love-wave dispersion curves for a site where the structure is known. In practice, the minimum wavelength for direct velocity retrieval for a pentagonal array with radius r was approximately Amin ~ 3r, although this value depends on the signal-to-noise ratio. Experiments demonstrate that the usable range can be extended, mainly toward shorter wavelengths, if the effects of noise and of the finite number of sensors are included in the analysis.

Ueda Y.,Kyoto University | Akiyama M.,Tohoku University | Hasinger G.,Institute for Astronomy | Miyaji T.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | And 3 more authors.
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2014

We present the most up to date X-ray luminosity function (XLF) and absorption function of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) over the redshift range from 0 to 5, utilizing the largest, highly complete sample ever available obtained from surveys performed with Swift/BAT, MAXI, ASCA, XMM-Newton, Chandra, and ROSAT. The combined sample, including that of the Subaru/XMM-Newton Deep Survey, consists of 4039 detections in the soft (0.5-2 keV) and/or hard (>2 keV) band. We utilize a maximum likelihood method to reproduce the count rate versus redshift distribution for each survey, by taking into account the evolution of the absorbed fraction, the contribution from Compton-thick (CTK) AGNs, and broadband spectra of AGNs, including reflection components from tori based on the luminosity-and redshift-dependent unified scheme. We find that the shape of the XLF at z ∼ 1-3 is significantly different from that in the local universe, for which the luminosity-dependent density evolution model gives much better description than the luminosity and density evolution model. These results establish the standard population synthesis model of the X-ray background (XRB), which well reproduces the source counts, the observed fractions of CTK AGNs, and the spectrum of the hard XRB. The number ratio of CTK AGNs to the absorbed Compton-thin (CTN) AGNs is constrained to be ≈0.5-1.6 to produce the 20-50 keV XRB intensity within present uncertainties, by assuming that they follow the same evolution as CTN AGNs. The growth history of supermassive black holes is discussed based on the new AGN bolometric luminosity function. © 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Guimaraes K.S.F.F.,Institute Astronomia | Lourenco O.,Federal University of Sao Carlos | De Paula W.,Instituto Tecnologico Of Aeronutica | Frederico T.,Instituto Tecnologico Of Aeronutica | Dos Reis A.C.,Brazilian Center for Research in Physics (CBPF)
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2014

The final state interaction contribution to D + decays is computed for the K - π + π + channel within a light-front relativistic three-body model for the final state interaction. The rescattering process between the kaon and two pions in the decay channel is considered. The off-shell decay amplitude is a solution of a four-dimensional Bethe-Salpeter equation, which is decomposed in a Faddeev form. The projection onto the light-front of the coupled set of integral equations is performed via a quasi-potential approach. The S-wave Kπ interaction is introduced in the resonant isospin 1/2 and the non-resonant isospin 3/2 channels. The numerical solution of the light-front tridimensional inhomogeneous integral equations for the Faddeev components of the decay amplitude is performed perturbatively. The loop-expansion converges fast, and the three-loop contribution can be neglected in respect to the two-loop results for the practical application. The dependence on the model parameters in respect to the input amplitude at the partonic level is exploited and the phase found in the experimental analysis, is fitted with an appropriate choice of the real weights of the isospin components of the partonic amplitude. The data suggests a small mixture of total isospin 5/2 to the dominant 3/2 one. The modulus of the unsymmetrized decay amplitude, which presents a deep valley and a following increase for Kπ masses above 1.5 GeV, is fairly reproduced. This suggests the assignment of the quantum numbers 0+ to the isospin 1/2 K *(1630) resonance. © 2014 The Author(s).

Eiroa E.F.,Institute Astronomia | Simeone C.,CONICET
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2013

We study circular shells in a (2+1)-dimensional background within the framework of Einstein-Born-Infeld theory. For shells around black holes we analyze the mechanical stability under perturbations preserving the symmetry. Shells around vacuum are also discussed. We find a large range in the values of the parameters compatible with stable configurations. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Paulucci L.,Federal University of ABC | Horvath J.E.,Institute Astronomia
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2014

The conjecture of Bodmer-Witten-Terazawa suggesting a form of quark matter (Strange Quark Matter) as the ground state of hadronic interactions has been studied in laboratory and astrophysical contexts by a large number of authors. If strange stars exist, some violent events involving these compact objects, such as mergers and even their formation process, might eject some strange matter into the interstellar medium that could be detected as a trace signal in the cosmic ray flux. To evaluate this possibility, it is necessary to understand how this matter in bulk would fragment in the form of strangelets (small lumps of strange quark matter in which finite effects become important). We calculate the mass distribution outcome using the statistical multifragmentation model and point out several caveats affecting it. In particular, the possibility that strangelets fragmentation will render a tiny fraction of contamination in the cosmic ray flux is discussed. © 2014 The Authors.

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