Institute Agronomique et Veterinaire IAV Hassan II

Rabat, Morocco

Institute Agronomique et Veterinaire IAV Hassan II

Rabat, Morocco
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Ould Rebai A.,Montpellier SupAgro | Hartani T.,Center University Of Tipaza | Chabaca M.N.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Kuper M.,Institute Agronomique et Veterinaire IAV Hassan II
Cahiers Agricultures | Year: 2017

In the Algerian Sahara, several horticultural production areas emerged on the margins of traditional oases over the past twenty years through the use of deep groundwater. In the Souf valley, farmers produce potatoes irrigated by small artisanal center pivots. The aim of the article is to analyze the innovation process that led to the design and diffusion of artisanal center pivots by local craftsmen. An analysis was made of the material composition of the different center pivots that were implemented consecutively, followed by semi-structured interviews with 24 farmers and with 10 local craftsman, four skilled workmen and traders. The design and the diffusion of these pivots came about through an incremental innovation process that started by deconstructing the large-scale conventional pivots introduced by the State, which were costly and unsuited to the ambitions and technical capacities of farmers. This resulted in a flexible system adapted to the local socio-economic realities. The association of local pivots and potato farming contributed to the agricultural dynamics in the Souf with the annual production of over 1 million tons of potatoes in more than 35 000 ha, which represents 35% of the national production. Nevertheless, this farming system depends on the use of little renewable groundwater and on volatile agricultural markets, which questions its sustainability. © A. Ould Rebai et al., Published by EDP Sciences 2017.


Kuper M.,CIRAD - Agricultural Research for Development | Kuper M.,Institute Agronomique et Veterinaire Hassan II | Hammani A.,Institute Agronomique et Veterinaire IAV Hassan II | Chohin A.,Cap Rural | And 2 more authors.
Irrigation and Drainage | Year: 2012

When large-scale irrigation schemes were created, establishing viable, and closely supervised, medium-sized family farms was considered essential to reap the benefits of state investments. This centralized development model was progressively dismantled, especially as farmers installed private tubewells relying less on surface water. Our aim is to analyse development pathways of family farms in the Tadla irrigation scheme (Morocco). Results showed that pathways were linked to groundwater access, but also to (informal) land markets, and off-farm revenues. Groundwater enabled farmers to overcome reductions in surface water, and diversify crops. This concerned mainly the 36% large and medium-sized farms. Such farmers also managed to increase their cropped area through land markets, as renting in land, and producing market crops, require capital. Groundwater showed limited redistributive capacities, as only 20% of small-scale farmers obtained direct access. Farmers' off-farm revenues sustained livelihoods, especially in dry years, but were generally not reinvested in agriculture. Over the past 40years, groundwater has been mainly mobilized from phreatic aquifers, recharged by rainfall and surface irrigation. Their use seems sustainable, but farmers are exploring deeper aquifers while the administration encourages conversion to micro-irrigation, thus reducing aquifer recharge and complicating the future of the groundwater economy. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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