Institute Adolpho Lutz

São Paulo, Brazil

Institute Adolpho Lutz

São Paulo, Brazil

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Begnami M.D.,Institute Adolpho Lutz | Fukuda E.,Institute Adolpho Lutz | Fregnani J.H.T.G.,Hospital Do Cancer Of Barretos | Nonogaki S.,Institute Adolpho Lutz | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2011

Purpose: The human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family consists of four members: ErbB-1 (HER1), ErbB-2 (HER2), ErbB-3 (HER3), and ErbB-4 (HER4). These receptors activate numerous downstream pathways in response to extracellular ligands, regulating diverse processes that include differentiation, migration, proliferation, and survival. Alterations in these genes play a role in the development and progression of many human cancers. In gastric carcinomas (GCs), expression of HER1 and HER2 is thought to be a prognostic factor and target of novel biologic agents. The effect of HER3 or HER4 expression in GC has not been sufficiently studied. In this study, we explored the gene and protein expression of the HER family in GC to establish new potential prognostic factors. Patients and Methods: Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization were performed in 221 patients with GC using tissue microarray. Correlation between the expression or amplification of HER genes and the clinicopathologic parameters was statistically analyzed. Results: Alterations of members of the HER family were significantly associated with the parameters involved in tumor progression, including depth of tumor invasion, involved lymph nodes, and tumor stage. In addition, HER2 amplification and HER3 expression were significantly related to worse survival. Conclusion: These results reveal that all members of the HER family are expressed in GC. Furthermore, expression of HER2 and HER3 is a significant predictor of poor survival in GC. Therefore, the development of HER-targeted agents and agents targeting downstream signaling pathways provides new possibilities in the treatment of GC. © 2011 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.


Begnami M.D.,Hospital AC Camargo | Fregnani J.H.T.G.,Hospital Do Cancer Of Barretos | Nonogaki S.,Hospital AC Camargo | Nonogaki S.,Institute Adolpho Lutz | Soares F.A.,Hospital AC Camargo
Human Pathology | Year: 2010

The cell cycle progression is regulated by interactions of specific cyclin-dependent kinases at the G1-S and G2-M checkpoints. In addition, the cell cycle dysregulation plays a major role in carcinogenesis of human cancers. To investigate the role of cell cycle regulators in the pathogenesis and progression of human gastric cancer, the expression of cyclin D1, A, B1, p16INK4a, p21CPI1, p27KIP1, p53, and pRb was investigated in 482 gastric carcinomas using immunohistochemistry in terms of histologic type, tumor invasion, size, location, and metastatic behavior. The cyclin D1, A, and B1 expression (>10%) was observed in 49%, 69%, and 49% of the cases, respectively. Negative cases for p16INK4a, p21 CPI1, and p27KIP1 were detected in 90%, 86%, and 50.5%. There were 30% and 68% of the gastric tumors positive for p53 and pRb, respectively. Diffuse carcinomas frequently were positive for cyclin B1 and pRb, and negative for p21. A relationship between p53 expression and intestinal type carcinomas was found. In addition, the expression of cyclin B1 was associated with regional lymph node metastasis and poor prognosis. No relationship was noticed between any other cell cycle proteins expression and age, sex, tumor size, tumor location, and lymph node involvement. These findings have shown alterations in several cell cycle regulators, and it was suggested that cyclin B1 expression is closely associated with poor behavior in gastric cancer. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

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