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Puerto Serrano, Spain

Vanhille C.,Rey Juan Carlos University | Campos-Pozuelo C.,Institute Acustica
Journal of Computational Acoustics | Year: 2010

This paper deals with the nonlinear propagation of ultrasonic pulses in a homogeneous medium in which a bubbly layer is placed. The medium we use is air bubbles in water. During the propagation of a pulse, the interaction of the acoustic field and bubbles vibration is assured via the coupling of a nonlinear differential system. The solution is tracked in the time domain by means of the SNOW-BL code. In the biphasic fluid, attenuation and nonlinear effects are due to the bubbles only. The study addresses to two applications: filter effects of the layer and nonlinear characterization of liquidgas mixtures. We study the filter effects (screen effect) a layer has for some frequency ranges present in the initial ultrasonic pulses, in the linear and nonlinear regimes, i.e. for low and high pressure amplitude. One (or several) simple layer is contemplated in numerical experiments with different bubble densities, bubble sizes, layer thicknesses, for different kinds of pulse. © 2010 IMACS. Source

A method that combines transmission of air-coupled ultrasound pulses through solid plates and amplitude and phase spectral analysis is presented. In particular, the method analyzes the first thickness resonance of the plates. The purpose is to determine, simultaneously, velocity and attenuation coefficient of the ultrasounds in the material and the thickness of the plate. This is especially useful when thickness can not be measured independently. The method is successfully applied to soft membranes, biological samples and FRP composites. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Sancho-Knapik D.,CSIC - Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agroalimentaria | Gomez Alvarez-Arenas T.,Institute Acustica | Peguero-Pina J.J.,CSIC - Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agroalimentaria | Gil-Pelegrin E.,CSIC - Centro de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agroalimentaria
Journal of Experimental Botany | Year: 2010

The implementation of non-destructive methods for the study of water changes within plant tissues and/or organs has been a target for some time in plant physiology. Recent advances in air-coupled ultrasonic spectroscopy have enabled ultrasonic waves to be applied to the on-line and real-time assessment of the water content of different materials. In this study, this technique has been applied as a non-destructive, non-invasive, non-contact, and repeatable method for the determination of water status in Populus×euramericana and Prunus laurocerasus leaves. Frequency spectra of the transmittance of ultrasounds through plant leaves reveal the presence of at least one resonance. At this resonant frequency, transmittance is at its maximum. This work demonstrates that changes in leaf relative water content (RWC) and water potential (Ψ) for both species can be accurately monitored by the corresponding changes in resonant frequency. The differential response found between both species may be due to the contrasting leaf structural features and the differences found in the parameters derived from the P-V curves. The turgor loss point has been precisely defined by this new technique, as it is derived from the lack of significant differences between the relative water content at the turgor loss point (RWCTLP) obtained from P-V curves and ultrasonic measurements. The measurement of the turgor gradient between two different points of a naturally transpiring leaf is easily carried out with the method introduced here. Therefore, such a procedure can be an accurate tool for the study of all processes where changes in leaf water status are involved. Source

Soria A.C.,Institute Fermentaciones Industriales | Corzo-Martinez M.,Institute Fermentaciones Industriales | Montilla A.,Institute Fermentaciones Industriales | Riera E.,Institute Fermentaciones Industriales | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

Preservation of the quality and bioactivity of carrots dehydrated by power ultrasound (US) under different experimental conditions including prior blanching has been evaluated for the first time by measuring the evolution of the Maillard reaction and the changes in soluble sugars, proteins, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity, and rehydration ability. This study also includes a comparison with a freeze-dried sample and data of commercial dehydrated carrots. The synergic effect of US and temperature (60°C) increased the dehydration rate of carrots (90% moisture loss in only 75 min) while still providing carrots with a level of 2-furoylmethyl-amino acids significantly lower than that of dehydrated commercial samples. Whereas a decrease in the content of reducing soluble sugars was observed with processing temperature, minor carbohydrates (scyllo- and myo-inositol and sedoheptulose) were rather stable, irrespective of the US dehydration parameters. Blanching significantly improved the rehydration ability of US-dehydrated carrots without increasing the loss of soluble sugars by leaching. As supported by the similarity of most quality indicators studied in both US-treated and freeze-dried carrots, the mild processing conditions employed in US dehydration gave rise to premium quality dehydrated carrots. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source

Dubus B.,CNRS Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology | Vanhille C.,Rey Juan Carlos University | Campos-Pozuelo C.,Institute Acustica | Granger C.,CNRS Institute of Electronics, Microelectronics and Nanotechnology
Ultrasonics Sonochemistry | Year: 2010

The cavitation field generated by an ultrasonic horn at low frequency and high power is known to self-organize into a conical bubble structure. The physical mechanism at the origin of this bubble structure is investigated using numerical simulations and acoustic pressure measurements. The thin bubbly layer lying at horn surface is shown to act as a nonlinear thickness resonator that amplifies acoustic pressure and distorts acoustic waveform. This mechanism explains the self-stabilization of the conical bubble structure as well as the generation of shock wave and the focusing at very short distance. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

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