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Muri, Switzerland

Peterli R.,Claraspital | Borbely Y.,Claraspital | Kern B.,Claraspital | Gass M.,Claraspital | And 6 more authors.
Annals of Surgery | Year: 2013

Objective: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been proposed as an effective alternative to the current standard procedure, laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). Prospective data comparing both procedures are rare. Therefore, we performed a randomized clinical trial assessing the effectiveness and safety of these 2 operative techniques. METHODS: Two hundred seventeen patients were randomized at 4 bariatric centers in Switzerland. One hundred seven patients underwent LSG using a 35-F bougie with suturing of the stapler line, and 110 patients underwent LRYGB with a 150-cm antecolic alimentary and a 50-cm biliopancreatic limb. The mean body mass index of all patients was 44 ± 11.1 kg/m2, the mean age was 43 ± 5.3 years, and 72% were female. Results: The 2 groups were similar in terms of body mass index, age, sex, comorbidities, and eating behavior. The mean operative time was less for LSG than for LRYGB (87 ± 52.3 minutes vs 108 ± 42.3 minutes; P = 0.003). The conversion rate was 0.9% in both groups. Complications (<30 days) occurred more often in LRYGB than in LSG (17.2% vs 8.4%; P = 0.067). However, the difference in severe complications did not reach statistical significance (4.5% for LRYGB vs 1% for LSG; P = 0.21). Excessive body mass index loss 1 year after the operation was similar between the 2 groups (72.3% ± 22% for LSG and 76.6% ± 21% for LRYGB; P = 0.2). Except for gastroesophageal reflux disease, which showed a higher resolution rate after LRYGB, the comorbidities and quality of life were significantly improved after both procedures. CONCLUSIONS: LSG was associated with shorter operation time and a trend toward fewer complications than with LRYGB. Both procedures were almost equally efficient regarding weight loss, improvement of comorbidities, and quality of life 1 year after surgery. Long-term follow-up data are needed to confirm these facts. © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Source

Tappeiner C.,Inselspital | Flueckiger F.,Institute of Virology and Immunoprophylaxis | Boehnke M.,Institute of Ophthalmology | Goldblum D.,University of Basel | Garweg J.G.,University of Bern
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery | Year: 2012

Purpose: To assess the impact of topical anesthetic agents and ethanol on ocular surface wound healing using an ex vivo whole-globe porcine model. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland. Design: Experimental study. Methods: Standardized corneoepithelial lesions (5.0 mm diameter, 40 μm depth) were created with excimer laser light in freshly enucleated porcine eyes. The globes (6 per group) were exposed to different concentrations of ethanol (2.0% to 99.0%), cocaine (2.0% to 10.0%), procaine hydrochloride (0.4%), tetracaine (0.5% to 1.0%), or lidocaine (2.0%), 3 drops/hour for 3 hours. Control solutions were physiologic saline, balanced salt solution, and tissue-culture medium. After 20 to 26 hours, wound-healing response was compared by measuring the diameter of each corneoepithelial lesion. Results: The mean diameter of corneoepithelial lesions exposed to physiologic saline decreased from 4.78 mm ± 0.19 (SD) to 4.44 ± 0.17 mm between 20 and 26 hours. After 24 hours, the mean lesion size, compared with physiological saline, was larger after cocaine 5.0% (5.20 ± 0.26 mm) and 10.0% (5.39 ± 0.12 mm), tetracaine 0.5% (5.59 ± 0.35 mm) and 1.0% (5.55 ± 0.27 mm), and procaine hydrochloride 0.4% (5.76 ± 0.12 mm), but not after lidocaine 2.0% (5.01 ± 0.17 mm). Balanced salt solution, tissue-culture medium, ethanol 2.0% to 99.0%, and cocaine 2.0% did not inhibit the wound-healing response. Conclusions: In an ex vivo whole-globe porcine model, lidocaine 2.0% and cocaine 2.0% were the least toxic anesthetic agents. At all concentrations, ethanol had no impact on wound healing. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. © 2012 ASCRS and ESCRS. Source

Radulovic K.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Radulovic K.,Institute Pasteur Of Lille | Niess J.H.,Inselspital
Journal of Immunology Research | Year: 2015

CD69 has been identified as an early activation marker of lymphocytes. However, recent work has indicated that CD69 plays an essential role for the regulation of inflammatory processes. Particularly, CD69 is highly expressed by lymphocytes at mucosal sites being constantly exposed to the intestinal microflora (one of the nature's most complex and most densely populated microbial habitats) and food antigens, while only a small number of circulating leukocytes express this molecule. In this review we will discuss the role of CD69 in mucosal tissue and consider CD69 as a potential target for the development of novel treatments of intestinal inflammation. © 2015 Katarina Radulovic and Jan Hendrik Niess. Source

Schucht P.,Inselspital | Duffau H.,Montpellier University Hospital Center | Duffau H.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics | Year: 2011

Evaluation of: Khan T, Akhtar W, Wotton CJ, Hart Y, Turner M, Goldacre MJ. Epilepsy and the subsequent risk of cerebral tumour: record linkage retrospective cohort study. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry DOI: 10.11136/jnnp.2010.228130 (2011) (Epub ahead of print). Seizures are often the presenting symptoms of a cerebral tumor and may precede its diagnosis by many years. The article under evaluation searched two large English registries for patients admitted for new-onset epilepsy. The risk of subsequently being diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor was found to be 26-fold higher compared with controls, persisted over many years and was accentuated in young patients. Recently, surgical advances have led to a significant decrease in surgical morbidities, making surgery the first treatment option for gliomas, especially low-grade gliomas. This paradigm shift warrants a consequent diagnostic workup (MRI) in patients at risk for low-grade glioma - that is, patients with new-onset epilepsy. The study is discussed in the context of the ongoing debate on neuroimaging after new-onset epilepsy. © 2011 Expert Reviews Ltd. Source

Haneke E.,Inselspital
Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy | Year: 2016

Six cases of vascular compromise after hyaluronic injection are reported. Clinical symptoms realized a Nicolau syndrome, which is characterized by immediate pain, livedoid pattern and a few days later by the appearance of scabs and skin necrosis. This type of complication is rare, but may be dramatic and injectors must be aware of that. A thorough knowledge of facial anatomy is mandatory to avoid the risky facial areas. The use of a flexible cannula instead of a sharp needle has much less risk of hurting vessels and must be preferred. The support of the patient is discussed and a treatment protocol is proposed. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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