Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

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Mahroum S.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative | Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative
Science and Public Policy | Year: 2016

The extant literature on cluster development focuses largely on 'clusters' where businesses are co-located along a supply chain to facilitate territorial concentration of a certain economic activity. This paper presents an inverse model of 'cluster development' strategy pioneered by the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. This model is coined as the 'surrogate mother' whereby the seeds for a new industry are initially planned in more 'fertile' offshore locations, with the intention of transferring knowledge and 'spill-back' home at a later phase. The paper introduces the case of Abu Dhabi as an experiment in cluster development and provides an early examination of experience to date in the light of the cluster life-cycle framework. We find that while this model remains an experimentin- progress, it serves as a good source of learning for other resource-abundant economies seeking industrial renewal and/or greater economic diversification. © The Author 2015.

Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative | Mahroum S.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2015

Policy instruments introduced with the aim of promoting environmental sustainability are often designed and evaluated in terms of their impact with regard to facilitating technological change. Most 'green' policy instruments that have emerged in recent decades have targeted facilitation of the development and adoption of greener processes, goods and services. Concurrent business models have sought to create and capture value arising from this policy-induced transition to more environmentally sustainable practices. Both such policy instruments and the business models are, however, often evaluated more in terms of their impact on the development and adoption of innovations and less in terms of their impact on behavioural change. This paper provides a critical review of the interplay between green policy instruments and green business models from a behavioural perspective. Instead of looking at policy instruments from a technology-push and demand-pull perspective, this paper samples them in terms of 'sticks', 'carrots' and 'sermons' and then provides a critical review of business models that have emerged in response to these types of policy regimes. The paper finds that most green business models that have emerged in the built environment - in response to sticks - may be characterised as buck-passing, i.e. passing costs to others and skirting around the stick of regulation. Those that emerge in response to carrots as opportunistic carpet-bagging aimed at capturing a temporary gain. Finally, those that emerged in response to sermon-orientated awareness campaigns, show a tendency to diffuse even in the absence of supportive fiscal conditions. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative | Vidican G.,German Development Institute
International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development | Year: 2013

This paper examines the innovation dynamics of sustainability transitions within hydrocarbon-rich countries, with a particular emphasis upon the emerging solar industries in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).In order to examine the dynamics within the current Saudi and UAE energy system and subsequently assess its potential for supporting the successful establishment of sizeable solar energy industries, a list of five structural elements and seven system functions has first been compiled from the innovation literature. Next, a comparative assessment is conducted with regard to how well each of these elements and functions is currently fulfilled in both industries. Not only does the paper reveal a number of ominous signs of structural and functional related challenges, it also provides policy orientated recommendations that have the potential to support a transition towards a sustainable future within such oil-rich countries. Copyright © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Mahroum S.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative | Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative
Technovation | Year: 2013

In an increasingly globalised economy, the ability to draw in innovations and ideas from elsewhere and build on them to create value at home has become a powerful facility for economic growth. Since some places are better at adopting and adapting borrowed ideas than others, the function of 'innovation through adoption' deserves more attention at both scholarly and policymaking levels. Based on such beliefs, this paper elaborates the notion of 'innovation through adoption' and develops it further to advance the notion of 'innovation efficacy'. The latter is interpreted here as the efficiency and effectiveness of innovation systems in terms of accessing, anchoring, diffusing, creating and exploiting innovations. This notion is further illustrated in a measurement tool based on a composite index, which we name the 'Innovation Efficacy Index'. The ultimate contribution of the paper lies in its aim to shift the traditional focus of attention from a fixation with developing and exploiting new knowledge locally to the prospect of value creation through accessing, anchoring or diffusing knowledge acquired from elsewhere. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Taleb H.,The British University in Dubai | Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative
International Journal of Environmental Sustainability | Year: 2014

With the growing evidence of the phenomenon of anthropogenic global warming, it has become necessary to take immediate action to avoid disastrous consequences for future generations. Since buildings are a major energy consumer, their potential impact on the environment is considerable. Therefore, expanding the application of lowenergy architecture is of the utmost importance. Water heating is a thermodynamic process that involves using an energy source to heat water above its initial temperature. Thus, the application of energy-efficient domestic water heating systems has a potential for reducing the energy consumption levels of buildings. In many countries, the most common energy sources for heating domestic water are fossil fuels. This is certainly the case in the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) region which includes the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. The aim of this paper is to investigate the potential for energy savings of applying energy-efficient water heating practices in the buildings of the UAE. A typical residential building in Dubai was chosen as a case study. With the aid of energy simulation software, the potential energy savings after applying the energy efficient water heating system - was monitored. Moreover, the paper drew some recommendations with regard to solving many problems that the domestic water system is suffering from and has provided some solutions to improve performance and further reduce energy consumption. As a final note, whilst this paper mainly focuses on residential buildings in the UAE, it could be argued that many of the research outcomes are relevant to several countries especially those with similar social and extreme environmental conditions. © Common Ground, Hanan Taleb, Yasser Al-Saleh, All Rights Reserved.

Mahroum S.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative | Al-Saleh Y.,INSEAD Innovation and Policy Initiative
Science and Public Policy | Year: 2013

This paper brings together the notions of 'demand-led innovation' and 'related variety' to suggest a new economic diversification policy model, namely demand-led related diversification. The paper argues that economic diversification efforts in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region have focused predominantly on creating new industries from scratch as opposed to building on existing capabilities. Using insights from the field of innovation studies in general, and demand-led innovation in particular, the paper suggests that the large construction industry in the GCC region has a strong potential to become a main vehicle for economic diversification and industrial renewal in the region, provided that the governments adopt integrated supply-side and demand-led green building strategies. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press.All rights reserved.

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