INRS - Institute National de la Recherche Scientifique | Date: 2016-10-13
A method for fabrication of an hydrogen-permeable membrane, comprising forming an alloy of a target composition and structure from powders by mechanically alloying; and forming a membrane from the alloy of the target composition and structure.
INRS - Institute National de la Recherche Scientifique | Date: 2016-09-30
A synthetic neuronal structure makes use of a semiconductor-metal phase transition material having material regions separated by discontinuities. The discontinuities represent interfaces such that different phases in two adjacent regions result in a metal-semiconductor interface. The interface supports a charge accumulation and a discharge of accumulated charge when an activation energy provided, for example, by electrical current, localized heating or optical energy, reaches a threshold necessary for breakdown of a potential barrier presented by the interface, and thus mimics a leaky integrate-and-fire neuron. With many such interfaces distributed through the structure, the local inputs to a neuron become a weighted sum of energy from neighboring neurons. Thus, different combinations of signals at one or more inputs connected to the structure will favor different neural pathways through the structure, thereby resulting in a neural network.
INRS - Institute National de la Recherche Scientifique | Date: 2016-12-28
There is described a method for evaluating a level of noise in a biosignal, the method comprising: receiving a time signal representative of a biological activity, the time signal comprising a biological activity component and a noise component; determining a modulation spectrum for the time signal, the modulation spectrum representing a signal frequency as a function of a modulation frequency; from the modulation spectrum determining a first amount of modulation energy corresponding to the biological activity component and a second amount of modulation energy corresponding to the noise component determining an indication of the level of noise using the first and second amounts of modulation energy; and outputting the indication of the level of noise.
INRS - Institute National de la Recherche Scientifique | Date: 2016-12-13
A process has been developed in order to recover and recycle the metals present in spent batteries, including alkaline spent batteries alone or mixed with other types of spent batteries. This method shows a good potential in terms of metals recoveries efficiencies and economic feasibility. Firstly, the spent batteries are crushed (optionally after having been frozen in the case of spent batteries of mixed types). Then, the undesirable parts (plastics, steel cases, papers, etc.) are removed by screening. The collected powder, containing the metals, is mixed with a solution of sulfuric acid in the presence of a reducing agent. The solid/liquid separation is carried out by filtration and the leachate is purified in order to selectively recover the metals. The purification steps consist of: a) recovering Zn by solvent extraction followed by an electrowinning process; b) simultaneously recovering Mn and Cd by solvent extraction process; c) selectively recovering Cd from the mixture solution of Cd and Mn by electrowinning process; d) precipitating Mn from a pure solution of MnSO_(4 )in a carbonate form; e) removing the impurities present in the effluent by solvent extraction in order to obtain a pure NiSO_(4 )solution; f) precipitating Ni from a NiSO_(4 )solution in a carbonate form.
INRS - Institute National de la Recherche Scientifique | Date: 2017-05-31
Hydrometallurgical techniques for the selective recovery of Zn, Mn and Pb in that order from sludges or various metallurgical residues can include leaching steps to extract the zinc and manganese; the steps of removing iron, aluminum and silica from the leaching solutions; and recovering manganese and zinc by precipitation. Mn can be precipitated from an initial leaching solution as well as a secondary leaching solution obtained by leaching the slurry of the initial leaching step. Various other waste streams can also be treated.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: HCO-11-2015 | Award Amount: 20.88M | Year: 2016
The ERA-NET NEURON Cofund will coordinate and align European and international research funding programmes in the area of brain-related diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Key activity is the implementation of an EC co-funded joint transnational call for research proposals. The mission of NEURON is based on the fact that disorders of the brain are the major cause for impaired quality of life, and they are a heavy burden not only for patients, their families and carers, but also a socioeconomic problem for society. By improving collaboration and by implementing a variety of additional activities (such as further joint transnational calls and support of early-career scientists) NEURON Cofund will decrease fragmentation of research programmes and improve the funding situation for neuroscience researchers thereby strengthening the search for novel therapeutic approaches to fight brain disease; NEURON Cofund will also develop and provide concrete plans for (i) expanding data sharing, (ii) promoting common data elements for the establishment of patient registries, and (iii) involving stakeholders and relevant existing initiatives such as patient organizations. The aforementioned challenges will be addressed in a network of 22 funding organizations across 14 European Member and Associated States and Third countries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: NMP-14-2015 | Award Amount: 49.69M | Year: 2016
M-ERA.NET 2 aims at coordinating the research efforts of the participating EU Member States, Associated States and Regions as well as of selected global partners in materials research and innovation, including materials for low carbon energy technologies and related production technologies. A large network of 43 national and regional funding organisations from 23 EU Members States and Associated States and 5 countries outside Europe will implement joint calls to fund excellent innovative transnational RTD cooperation, including one call for proposals with EU co-funding and additional non-cofunded calls. Continuing the activities started under the predecessor project M-ERA.NET (2/2012-1/2016), the M-ERA.NET 2 consortium will support relevant thematic areas, such as -for example- surfaces, coatings, composites, additive manufacturing or computational materials engineering. Research on materials enabling low carbon energy technologies will be particularly highlighted as a main target of the cofunded call (Call 2016) with a view to implementing relevant parts of the Materials Roadmap Enabling Low Carbon Energy Technologies (SEC(2011)1609), and relevant objectives of the SET-Plan (COM (2009)519). The appropriate scope of the cofunded call and the additional joint calls will be defined in cooperation with relevant stakeholders including national and regional RTD communities, the EC and the EMIRI (Energy Materials Industrial Research Initiative) as well as an external Strategic Experts Group. M-ERA.NET 2 will support the whole innovation chain, clarifying for each topic the appropriate Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) to be addressed through the transnational RTD projects. The consortium will be aware of the TRLs which are covered by the EC through Horizon 2020 topics as well as by other schemes. Gaps will be identified and M-ERA.NET 2 will aim at offering a complementary support scheme.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: FETPROACT-03-2016 | Award Amount: 40.46M | Year: 2016
QuantERA ERA-NET Cofund in Quantum Technologies Quantum Technologies (QT) has become a new and fast developing area of research initiated by a realisation that quantum physics opens up radically new modes of quantum information processing and communication. European researchers have been at the forefront of these developments delivering many groundbreaking scientific results and advancing technological exploitation. The need to reinforce European excellence in QT and the highly interdisciplinary nature of QT call out for an integrated Europe-wide approach to support research efforts in this area. The central objective of the QuantERA Programme involving 31 agencies is to launch a transnational Co-funded Call that will cover 26 countries. The planned budget of this funding opportunity amounts to 25 590 000 EUR of national contributions. It is expected that the EC will allocate an additional EUR 11.5 million to the Co-funded Call budget and other project tasks. Launching a Co-funded Call will be complemented by a range of additional activities aimed at stimulating cooperation within the research community, creating and maintaining links between academia and industry, building a toolkit on responsible research and innovation in QT, exchanging best practices, and engaging in a dialogue with policy makers about the design of future funding instruments. The QuantERA proposal conforms to the specific challenges and scope of the Work Programme Horizon 2020-Future and Emerging Technologies for 2016-2017 by providing a structured framework to coordinate national and regional research programmes in the QT. In accordance with the Work Programme, the scientific scope of the QuantERA Call will focus on new technologies facilitated by specific quantum phenomena such as superposition states, the no cloning rule, or entanglement to achieve new or radically enhanced functionalities.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: WATER-3-2015 | Award Amount: 30.40M | Year: 2016
The WaterWorks2015 proposal responds to the Horizon 2020 (H2020) Societal Challenge 5 2015 Call topic Water-3 : Stepping up EU research and innovation cooperation in the water area. WaterWorks2015 aims at pooling resources from the 32 participating research programme owners / managers of 23 countries to implement a joint call for proposals, with EU co-funding in the area of sustainable water use in agriculture and forestry. Its a collaboration between the Joint Programming Initiatives (JPIs), Water JPI Water Challenges for a Changing World and FACCE JPI Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change. Achieving a sustainable water use in agriculture, to increase water use efficiency and reduce soil and water pollution is at the intersection of the two JPIs, contributing to the implementation of their respective Strategic Research Agendas. WaterWorks2015 includes 9 organisations from associated and third countries in an effort to reinforce international cooperation. Additional Activities will also be carried out to further support the implementation and strategy of the Water JPI. The overall aims include: Increasing the value of relevant national and EU R&D funding by concerted and joint planning, implementation and evaluation of national research programmes; Pooling financial resources from participating states towards the definition and implementation of a Co-funded transnational and multi-disciplinary Call for research and innovation proposals. The aim of the Call will be to support the implementation of initiatives and environmental policies, in particular those related to water and agriculture & forestry, as a way to increase water use efficiency and to reduce soil and water pollution; Overcoming the fragmentation of European water and agriculture/forestry-related research and innovation activities; Supporting the implementation and the development of the two Joint Programming Initiatives, seeking synergies in overlapping research issues.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: ERA-NET-Cofund | Phase: SC5-28-2016 | Award Amount: 11.37M | Year: 2017
The Transformations to Sustainability (T2S) ERA-NET Cofund programme will be implemented in the context of a Belmont Forum Collaborative Research Action in cooperation with the NORFACE (New Opportunities for Research Funding Agency Cooperation in Europe) network and the International Social Science Council (ISSC). A comprehensive and concerted research initiative is needed that can boost research on transformations to sustainability, that can catalyse new kinds of solutions to environmental and social challenges. This T2S programme therefore seeks to bring into being and nurture integrated teams of scientists from relevant academic disciplines including, as appropriate, social, natural, human, natural, engineering, agricultural and health/medical sciences disciplines and societal stakeholders to produce new knowledge and perspectives that can contribute to finding equitable and durable solutions to the challenges of sustainability in specific contexts, in support of the Sustainable Development Goals. This programme will contribute to re-structuring the broad field of sustainability research to place social science at the heart of interdisciplinary efforts and will contribute to a step change in scale and scope for research programming on this topic. This future-oriented call will be jointly undertaken by major funding agencies in Europa, the United States, Brazil, Taiwan and Japan. The T2S programme will coordinate the research efforts of the participating Member States and international partners by implementing a joint trans-national call with European Commission co-funding to fund innovative comparative, transnational and interdisciplinary research initiatives within this thematic field. The T2S partners will pursue the expansion of their present effective collaboration and actively strive at widening the consortium.