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Ferreira M.,University of Porto | Caetano M.,Inrb Ipimar Instituto Nacional Dos Recursos Biologicos Av Brasilia | Antunes P.,Inrb Ipimar Instituto Nacional Dos Recursos Biologicos Av Brasilia | Costa J.,University of Porto | And 5 more authors.
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety | Year: 2010

This study aimed to investigate the relationships between levels of organochlorine compounds (PCBs and DDTs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), metals and biomarkers of exposure (EROD and GST) and oxidative stress biomarkers, in wild and cultured European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax). Additionally, the fatty acid profile was determined in muscle to assess differences between cultivated and wild specimens of marketable size. Although results pointed to relatively low concentration of contaminants, wild specimens presented enhanced accumulation of metals and cultivated specimens higher levels of organic compounds. Biomarkers were correlated with contaminants in tissues, showing that higher levels can cause effects at the biochemical level. Wild specimens have presented higher content on omega-3 fatty acids in muscle. Besides the useful application of biomarkers in wild species, this study has shown that they can also be applied to monitor biological effects in the fish farming process. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

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