INOVA Fairfax Hospital Fairfax

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Strickberger S.A.,INOVA Fairfax Hospital Fairfax | Canby R.,The Texas Institute | Cooper J.,Temple University | Coppess M.,Stern Cardiovascular Foundation Memphis | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology | Year: 2017

ATP and Mortality in 69,000 ICD Patients: Aims: Antitachycardia pacing (ATP) is an effective treatment for ventricular tachycardia (VT) and can reduce the frequency of shocks in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The association between survival and ATP, as compared to a shock, has not been confirmed in a large patient population. This study aims to determine if patients with an ICD receiving ATP have lower mortality, as compared to those receiving shock. Methods: Sixty-nine thousand three hundred and sixty-eight patients underwent ICD implantation between October 2008 and May 2013 and were enrolled in the remote monitoring network Merlin.net™ (St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA). Patients were categorized into three groups based on the type of ICD therapy received during follow-up: no therapy (N = 47,927), ATP (N = 8,049), and shock (N = 13,392) groups. Survival was determined by linking implant records to the Social Security Death Index. Results: The no therapy (hazard ratio [HR] 0.60, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.56-0.64, P < 0.001) and ATP (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.64-0.77, P < 0.001) groups were associated with a lower mortality risk than the shock group. These results were unaffected by age, gender, device type, atrial fibrillation (AF) burden, or ventricular rate. ATP was effective in 85% of episodes and ATP effectiveness was dependent on the ventricular rate. Conclusions: Mortality rates were higher in ICD patients who received only ATP compared to no therapy, but ICD patients who received a shock had higher mortality compared to both groups. Furthermore, the data suggest that age, gender, device type, AF burden, and rate of arrhythmia do not change the trend of higher mortality in patients receiving ICD shock compared to ATP alone. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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