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Li Y.,Harbin Medical University | Guo L.,Dong - A University | Ahn H.S.,Ilsin Christian Hospital | Kim M.H.,Dong - A University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine

Recently, we reported that human amniotic membrane-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMMs) possess great angiogenic potential. In this study, we determined whether local injection of AMMs ameliorates peripheral neuropathy. AMMs were transplanted into injured sciatic nerves. AMM injection promoted significant recovery of motor nerve conduction velocity and voltage amplitude compared to human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. AMM implantation also augmented blood perfusion and increased intraneural vascularity. Whole-mount fluorescent imaging analysis demonstrated that AMMs exhibited higher engraftment and endothelial incorporation abilities in the sciatic nerve. In addition, the higher expression of pro-angiogenic factors was detected in AMMs injected into the peripheral nerve. Therefore, these data provide novel therapeutic and mechanistic insights into stem cell biology, and AMM transplantation may represent an alternative therapeutic option for treating peripheral neuropathy. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine. Source

Kim H.-S.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center | Kang D.,Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science | Moon M.H.,Yonsei University | Kim H.J.,Hallym University
Yonsei Medical Journal

Purpose: Vaccine strategies utilizing dendritic cells (DCs) to elicit anti-tumor immunity are the subject of intense research. Although we have shown that DCs pulsed with heat-treated tumor lysate (HTL) induced more potent anti-tumor immunity than DCs pulsed with conventional tumor lysate (TL), the underlying molecular mechanism is unclear. In order to explore the molecular basis of this approach and to identify potential antigenic peptides from pancreatic cancer, we analyzed and compared the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) ligands derived from TL- and HTL-pulsed dendritic cells by mass spectrophotometry. Materials and Methods: Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells were pulsed with TL or HTL prior to maturation induction. To delineate differences of MHC-bound peptide repertoire eluted from DCs pulsed with TL or HTL, nanoflow liquid chromatography- electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-ESI-MS-MS) was employed. Results: HTL, but not TL, significantly induced DC function, assessed by phenotypic maturation, allostimulation capacity and IFN-γ secretion by stimulated allogeneic T cells. DCs pulsed with TL or HTL displayed pancreas or pancreatic cancer-related peptides in context of MHC class I and II molecules. Some of the identified peptides had not been previously reported as expressed in pancreatic cancer or cancer of other tissue types. Conclusion: Our partial lists of MHC-associated peptides revealed the differences between peptide profiles eluted from HTL-and TL-loaded DCs, implying that induced heat shock proteins in HTL chaperone tumor-derived peptides enhanced their delivery to DCs and promoted cross-presentation by DC. These findings may aid in identifying novel tumor antigens or biomarkers and in designing future vaccination strategies. © Yonsei University College of Medicine 2014. Source

Jin H.,Yonsei University | Kim H.-S.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center | Kim S.,Yonsei University | Kim H.O.,Yonsei University
BioMed Research International

Red blood cell (RBC) supply for transfusion has been severely constrained by the limited availability of donor blood and the emergence of infection and contamination issues. Alternatively, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from human organs have been increasingly considered as safe and effective blood source. Several methods have been studied to obtain mature RBCs from CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells via in vitro culture. Among them, human cord blood (CB) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized adult peripheral blood (mPB) are common adult stem cells used for allogeneic transplantation. Our present study focuses on comparing CB- and mPB-derived stem cells in differentiation from CD34+ cells into mature RBCs. By using CD34+ cells from cord blood and G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood, we showed in vitro RBC generation of artificial red blood cells. Our results demonstrate that CB- and mPB-derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells have similar characteristics when cultured under the same conditions, but differ considerably with respect to expression levels of various genes and hemoglobin development. This study is the first to compare the characteristics of CB- and mPB-derived erythrocytes. The results support the idea that CB and mPB, despite some similarities, possess different erythropoietic potentials in in vitro culture systems. © 2014 Honglian Jin et al. Source

Kim S.-W.,Catholic Kwandong University | Kim S.-W.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center | Choi S.-M.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center | Choo Y.S.,Yonsei University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Cellular Physiology

Flt3 ligand (FL), a potent hematopoietic cytokine, plays an important role in development and activation of dendritic cells (DCs) and natural killer cells (NK). Although some post-receptor signaling events of FL have been characterized, the role of FL on Flt3 expressing human peripheral blood monocyte is unclear. In the current study, we examined the role of FL on cell survival and growth of peripheral blood monocytes and function of monocyte-derived DCs. FL promoted monocyte proliferation in a dose-dependent manner and prevented spontaneous apoptosis. FL induced ERK phosphorylation and a specific ERK inhibitor completely abrogated FL-mediated cellular growth, while p38 MAPK, JNK, and AKT were relatively unaffected. Addition of FL to GM-CSF and IL-4 during DCs generation from monocytes increased the yield of DCs through induction of cell proliferation. DCs generated in the presence of FL expressed more costimulatory molecules on their surfaces and stimulated allogeneic T cell proliferation in MLR to a higher magnitude. Furthermore, FL partially antagonized IL-10-mediated inhibition on DCs function. Further characterization of FL actions may provide new and important information for immunotherapeutic approaches utilizing DCs. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Kim M.H.,Dong - A University | Guo L.,Dong - A University | Kim H.-S.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center | Kim S.-W.,Dong - A University | Kim S.-W.,Innovative Cell and Gene Therapy Center
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine

Recently, we reported the properties of CD31-expressing cells in healthy individuals. However, the characteristics of CD31-expressing cells derived from coronary artery disease (CAD) patients remain unknown. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between circulating CD31+ cells and CAD as well as their biological characteristics. Analysis with flow cytometry revealed that CD31+ cells (C-CD31) from the peripheral blood (PB) of CAD patients exhibited low levels of T-cell marker and high levels of macrophage marker compared with the PB-CD31+ cells from healthy individuals (H-CD31). In addition, the expression levels of multiple pro-angiogenic and chemokine genes were significantly down-regulated in C-CD31. However, inflammatory gene IL-1α was highly up-regulated in C-CD31. Patients with unstable angina (UA) had significantly more CD31+ cells in the PB than healthy control group (P < 0.001). Moreover, there were significant correlations between the number of CD31+ cells and cardiovascular (CV) disease activity (R = 0.318, P = 0.006) and the number of diseased coronaries (R = 0.312, P = 0.005). For the diagnostic category of UA, the area under curve was 0.803 (P < 0.001). In conclusion, C-CD31 have impaired angiogenic potential and the number of circulating CD31+ cells were correlated with CV risk. These findings may contribute to the understanding of the pathogenesis of CAD. © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine. Source

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