Squires D.A.,Innovation International
Issue brief (Commonwealth Fund) | Year: 2011
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) tracks and reports on more than 1,200 health system measures across 34 industrialized countries. This analysis concentrated on 2010 OECD health data for Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Health care spending in the U.S. towers over the other countries. The U.S. has fewer hospital beds and physicians, and sees fewer hospital and physician visits, than in most other countries. Prescription drug utilization, prices, and spending all appear to be highest in the U.S., as does the supply, utilization, and price of diagnostic imaging. U.S. performance on a limited set of quality measures is variable, ranking highly on five-year cancer survival, middling on in-hospital case-specific mortality, and poorly on hospital admissions for chronic conditions and amputations due to diabetes. Findings suggest opportunities for cross-national learning to improve health system performance.
Tracking trends in health system performance: issues in international health policy: explaining high health care spending in the United States: an international comparison of supply, utilization, prices, and quality.
Squires D.A.,Innovation International
Issue brief (Commonwealth Fund) | Year: 2012
This analysis uses data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and other sources to compare health care spending, supply, utilization, prices, and quality in 13 industrialized countries: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The U.S. spends far more on health care than any other country. However this high spending cannot be attributed to higher income, an older population, or greater supply or utilization of hospitals and doctors. Instead, the findings suggest the higher spending is more likely due to higher prices and perhaps more readily accessible technology and greater obesity. Health care quality in the U.S. varies and is not notably superior to the far less expensive systems in the other study countries. Of the countries studied, Japan has the lowest health spending, which it achieves primarily through aggressive price regulation.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INT-02-2015 | Award Amount: 1.57M | Year: 2016
The project STI International Cooperation Network for EaP Countries Plus (EaP PLUS) aims to stimulate cooperation between researchers from the EaP countries and EU MS and enhance the active participation of the Eastern Partnership countries in Horizon 2020 Framework Programme. Building on the results of the predecessor FP7 project IncoNet EaP, the project will eliminate remaining obstacles to EU-EaP STI cooperation through a number of innovative and targeted actions: (a) strategic priority setting through supporting EU-EaP policy dialogue and through maximizing the impact of the association to Horizon 2020; (b) stronger interaction between researchers & participation in H2020, i.e. Info days, cooperation with scientific diaspora, and grants for networking; (c) promotion of the research-innovation interface supporting communities of excellence, i.e. co-patenting analyses, clustering schemes, promotion of the technology platforms concept to EaP countries; (d) optimal framework conditions and increasing coordination in policies and programmes through training seminars for STI policymakers, increased coordination and synergies between policies and programmes of EU/MS and EaP, i.e. JPIs, COST, national programmes; (e) communication and outreach through innovative actions
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SSH.2013.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 6.25M | Year: 2014
SI-DRIVE extends knowledge about social innovation (SI) in three major directions: - Integrating theories and research methodologies to advance understanding of SI leading to a comprehensive new paradigm of innovation. - Undertaking European and global mapping of SI, thereby addressing different social, economic, cultural, historical and religious contexts in eight major world regions. - Ensuring relevance for policy makers and practitioners through in-depth analyses and case studies in seven policy fields, with cross European and world region comparisons, foresight and policy round tables. SI-DRIVE involves 15 partners from 12 EU Member States and 10 from other parts of the world. The approach adopted carefully interlinks the research process to both the complexity of the topic and the project workflow. First, cyclical iteration between theory development, methodological improvements, and policy recommendations. Second, two mapping exercises at European and global level. Initial mapping will capture basic information about 1000\ actual successful and failed social innovations from a wide variety of sources worldwide, leading to a typology of SI (testing the SI perspectives proposed by the BEPA report) and using this to examine the global SI distribution. Subsequent mapping will use the typology to focus on well documented SI, leading to the selection of 10 cases each for in-depth analysis in the seven SI-DRIVE Policy Fields. Third, these case studies will be further analysed, used in stakeholder dialogues in 7 policy field platforms and in analysis of cross-cutting dimensions (e.g. gender, diversity, ICT), carefully taking into account cross-sector relevance (private, public, civil sectors), and future impact. The outcomes of SI-DRIVE will address all objectives required by the Call, cover a broad range of research dimensions, impacting particularly in terms of changing society and empowerment, and contributing to the objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA | Phase: ICT-2013.10.3 | Award Amount: 1.03M | Year: 2014
In the fluid environment of the junction between FP7 and HORIZON 2020, the EAST HORIZON Support Action, brought forward by a balanced mixture of European Strategic Consulting companies, IT Industry, EECA National Research and Governmental Organizations, comes as a bridge for a two-way cooperation between the EECA and the EU.\nIt will inspire ideas, influence policies, and launch actions to:\nSupport the Dialogue between EU and EECA countries\nRaise awareness, help networking EECA organizations for participating in EU R&D and EU organizations participate in EECA R&D Programs.\nMatching EECA Societal Challenges, ICT R&D and Industrial Priorities to HORIZON 2020 concepts, EAST HORIZON, after validating results from previous related projects, will focus on new elements introduced by H2020 and the current frame of policy Dialogue between EU and EECA countries and bring concrete ideas and arguments to the Dialogue between the EC and EECA countries, in the perspective of a coherent ICT R&D cooperation policy.\nThe project will raise awareness by focused events where a deep insight of all relevant EU ICT R&D Frameworks will be provided; reciprocally it will gather feedback on EECA R&D Programs for enabling EU organizations participate in them.\nThe project will create a dense grid of relevant players on the two sides (ICT researchers, IT Associations, Companies, ETPs, Knowledge Networks and Policy makers) in a balanced way so as to maximize research collaboration, in parallel promoting innovation. This will shape new or strengthen existing business links between the EU and EECA IT Industries and Academia/Institutes.\nA permanent communication and collaboration platform, an environment where all ICT Research players meet and work together to raise ideas for joint Research projects will be established. The platform, linked to similar platforms, will be transferred to EECA stakeholders at project end, for achieving sustainability of collaboration mechanisms built under EAST HORIZON.