Technology and Innovation Enterprise

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Technology and Innovation Enterprise

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
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Mazinani B.,University of Malayer | Beitollahi A.,Iran University of Science and Technology | Masrom A.K.,Technology and Innovation Enterprise | Samiee L.,Research Institute of Petroleum Industry RIPI | Ahmadi Z.,Islamic Azad University at Miyaneh
Ceramics International | Year: 2017

Hollow Microspheres of SiO2-TiO2 photocatalysts whose walls are made up of mesoporous cellular foams were synthesized with the aid of hexane as a swelling agent and P123 as a pore template by an emulsion templating method. Pore structure of materials and crystal phase of titanium oxide was tailored by hydrothermal and calcination temperature during synthesis of samples. The samples were characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption experiments, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The effect of pore structure and titania phase on photoactivity were evaluated by methylene blue (MB) degradation test under UV light as well. Results showed that hydrothermal temperature during synthesis process has a significant effect on pore and window sizes of mesostructured cellular foam. Interestingly, for the sample hydrothermally treated at higher temperature (130°C), anatase to rutile transformation was avoided after calcination treatment as high as 800°C. The highest photocatalytic activity was detected from the sample hydrothermally treated at 130°C and calcined at 800°C for which the highest degree of crystallinity and anatase phase as well as enhanced pore connectivity was obtained. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l.

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