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Fang M.,Jilin University | Li J.,Nanjing Agricultural University | Li J.,National Certified Enterprise Technical Center | Wang H.,Jilin University | And 9 more authors.
Biotechnology Letters | Year: 2012

To develop recombinant epitope vaccines against foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV), genes coding for six recombinant proteins (rP1-rP6) consisting of different combinations of B cell and T cell epitope from VP1 capsid protein (VP1) of type O FMDV were constructed and the 3D structure of these proteins analyzed. This revealed a surface-exposed RGD sequence of B cell epitopes in all six recombinant proteins as that in VP1 of FMDV and rP1, rP2 and rP4 globally mimicked the backbone conformation of the VP1. rP1, rP2 and rP4 stimulated guinea pigs to produce higher level of neutralizing antibodies capable of protecting suckling mice against FMDV challenge. rP1 stimulated cattle to produce FMDV-neutralizing antibody. The data suggest that an efficient recombinant epitope vaccine against FMDV should share local similarities with the natural VP1 of FMDV. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Ren J.,Jilin University | Ren J.,Tianjin Medical University | Yang L.,Jilin University | Xu H.,Jilin University | And 6 more authors.
Vaccine | Year: 2011

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals. To prevent the spread of FMDV, inactivated virus vaccines are used to immunize animals in developing countries. However, there are safety concerns. In addition, it is difficult to distinguish the vaccinated animals from those naturally infected ones. In our lab, we have developed a recombinant FMDV vaccine named A7. A7 contained multiple B cell and T cell epitopes, which reside in a capsid protein (VP1) of FMDV. To enhance its immunogenicity, A7 was formulated with CpG ODN RW03 in combination with Montanide ISA 206 (ISA), and the resultant vaccine (A7. +. ISA. +. CpG ODN RW03) was used to immunize mice and cattle. It was found that CpG ODN RW03 and ISA combination could facilitate A7 to induce a vigorous and long-lasting specific antibody response in mice and cattle. After FMDV challenge, 80% (4/5) of the calves immunized with A7. +. ISA. +. CpG ODN RW03 were protected, which was superior to those immunized with A7. +. ISA (25%, 1/4) or inactivated FMDV vaccine (50%, 2/4). These findings suggest that CpG ODN RW03 could be used with Montanide ISA 206 as a potent adjuvant for recombinant FMDV in cattle. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Fang M.,Jilin University | Wang H.,Jilin University | Tang T.,Jilin University | Zhao P.,Jilin University | And 8 more authors.
International Immunopharmacology | Year: 2015

To develop recombinant epitope vaccines against the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) serotype Asia 1, genes encoding six recombinant proteins (A1-A6) consisting of different combinations of B-cell and T-cell epitopes from VP1 capsid protein (VP1) of FMDV were constructed. These proteins were expressed in Escherichia coli and used to immunize animals. Our results showed that A6 elicited higher titers of neutralizing antibodies after single inoculation in guinea pigs than did the other five recombinant proteins, as determined by micro-neutralization tests. In addition, a strong lymphocyte proliferation response and Th1 type immunity were observed in splenocytes from the mice immunized with A6. Further tests carried out in cattle demonstrated that a single inoculation with A6 generated comparable levels of neutralizing antibodies as inactivated vaccine and protected 4 of 5 cattle against challenge with FMDV type Asia 1. Our results suggest that A6 might be a promising recombinant vaccine against FMDV type Asia 1 in cattle. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

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