Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa

A Coruña, Spain

Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa

A Coruña, Spain
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Lourido L.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Blanco F.J.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Ruiz-Romero C.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Ruiz-Romero C.,CIBER ISCIII
Expert Review of Proteomics | Year: 2017

Introduction: The heterogeneity of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and the absence of clinical tests accurate enough to identify the early stages of this disease have hampered its management. Therefore, proteomics research is increasingly focused on the discovery of novel biological markers, which would not only be able make an early diagnosis, but also to gain insight into the different pathological mechanisms underlying the heterogeneity of RA and also to stratify patients, which is critical to enabling effective treatments. Areas covered: The proteomic approaches that have been utilised to provide knowledge about RA pathogenesis, and to identify biomarkers for RA diagnosis, prognosis, disease monitoring and prediction of response to therapy, are summarized. Expert commentary: Although each proteomic study is unique in its design, all of them have contributed to the understanding of RA pathogenesis and the discovery of promising biomarkers for patient stratification, which would improve clinical care of RA patients. Still, efforts need to be made to validate these findings and translate them into clinical practice. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


Fernandez-Costa C.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Calamia V.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Fernandez-Puente P.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Capelo-Martinez J.-L.,New University of Lisbon | And 5 more authors.
Proteome Science | Year: 2012

Background: The field of biomarker discovery, development and application has been the subject of intense interest and activity, especially with the recent emergence of new technologies, such as proteomics-based approaches. In proteomics, search for biomarkers in biological fluids such as human serum is a challenging issue, mainly due to the high dynamic range of proteins present in these types of samples. Methods for reducing the content of most highly abundant proteins have been developed, including immunodepletion or protein equalization. In this work, we report for the first time the combination of a chemical sequential depletion method based in two protein precipitations with acetonitrile and DTT, with a subsequent two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) analysis for the search of osteoarthritis (OA) biomarkers in human serum. The depletion method proposed is non-expensive, of easy implementation and allows fast sample throughput.Results: Following this workflow, we have compared sample pools of human serum obtained from 20 OA patients and 20 healthy controls. The DIGE study led to the identification of 16 protein forms (corresponding to 14 different proteins) that were significantly (p < 0.05) altered in OA when compared to controls (8 increased and 7 decreased). Immunoblot analyses confirmed for the first time the increase of an isoform of Haptoglobin beta chain (HPT) in sera from OA patients.Conclusions: Altogether, these data demonstrate the utility of the proposed chemical sequential depletion for the analysis of sera in protein biomarker discovery approaches, exhibit the usefulness of quantitative 2D gel-based strategies for the characterization of disease-specific patterns of protein modifications, and also provide a list of OA biomarker candidates for validation. © 2012 Fernández et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Rocha B.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Cillero-Pastor B.,FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics | Eijkel G.,FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics | Bruinen A.L.,FOM Institute for Atomic and Molecular Physics | And 4 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2015

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) are an interesting alternative for cell-based therapy of cartilage defects attributable to their capacity to differentiate toward chondrocytes in the process termed chondrogenesis. The metabolism of lipids has recently been associated with the modulation of chondrogenesis and also with the development of pathologies related to cartilage degeneration. Information about the distribution and modulation of lipids during chondrogenesis could provide a panel of putative chondrogenic markers. Thus, the discovery of new lipid chondrogenic markers could be highly valuable for improving MSC-based cartilage therapies. In this work, MS imaging was used to characterize the spatial distribution of lipids in human bone marrow MSCs during the first steps of chondrogenic differentiation. The analysis of MSC micromasses at days 2 and 14 of chondrogenesis by MALDI-MSI led to the identification of 20 different lipid species, including fatty acids, sphingolipids, and phospholipids. Phosphocholine, several sphingomyelins, and phosphatidylcholines were found to increase during the undifferentiated chondrogenic stage. A particularly detected lipid profile was verified by TOF secondary ion MS. Using this technology, a higher intensity of phosphocholine-related ions was observed in the peripheral region of the micromasses collected at day 14. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Mateos J.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Lourido L.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Fernandez-Puente P.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Calamia V.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to identify those proteins relatively more abundant in the synovial fluid (SF) of patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. 20 individual SF samples from each disease were pooled into two groups (RA and OA) to reduce the contribution of extreme individual values. Prior to the proteomic analysis, samples were immunodepleted from the top 20 most abundant plasma proteins, to enrich the lower-abundance protein fractions. Then, they were subjected to protein size fractioning and in-gel digestion, followed by reversed-phase peptide separation in a nano-LC system and subsequent peptide identification by MALDI-TOF/TOF. This strategy led to the identification of 136 different proteins in SF, which is the largest number of SF proteins described up to date by proteomics.A relative quantification of the proteins between RA and OA was carried out by spectral counting analysis. In RA, our results show a greater relative abundance of proteins related to complement activation, inflammation and the immune response, such as the major matrix metalloproteinases and several neutrophil-related proteins. In OA, we detected an increase in proteins involved in the formation and remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM), such as fibronectin, kininogen-1, cartilage acidic protein 1 and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein. The results obtained for MMP-1, BGH3, fibronectin and gelsolin were verified by immunoblotting analyses. Some of the novel proteins identified in this work might be relevant not only for increasing knowledge on the etiopathogenesis of RA and OA processes, but also as putative disease biomarkers, as their presence in SF is a prior step to their dilution in serum. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Proteomics: The clinical link. © 2012 Elsevier B.V..


Rocha B.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Calamia V.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Mateos J.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Fernandez-Puente P.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2012

Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), residing in bone marrow as well as in the synovial lining of joints, can be triggered to differentiate toward chondrocytes. Thus, hMSCs harbor great therapeutic potential for the repair of cartilage defects in osteoarthritis (OA) and other articular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the chondrogenesis process are still in part unknown. In this work, we applied for the first time the stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) technique for the quantitative analysis of protein modulation during the chondrogenic differentiation process of hMSCs. First, we have standardized the metabolic labeling procedure on MSCs isolated from bone marrow (hBMSCs), and we have assessed the quality of chondrogenesis taking place in these conditions. Then, chondrogenic differentiation was induced on these labeled cells, and a quantitative proteomics approach has been followed to evaluate protein changes between two differentiation days. With this strategy, we could identify 622 different proteins by LC-MALDI-TOF/TOF analysis and find 65 proteins whose abundance was significantly modulated between day 2 and day 14 of chondrogenesis. Immunohistochemistry analyses were performed to verify the changes on a panel of six proteins that play different biological roles in the cell: fibronectin, gelsolin, vimentin, alpha-ATPase, mitochondrial superoxide dismutase, and cyclophilin A. All of these proteins were increased at day 14 compared to day 2 of chondrogenic induction, thus being markers of the enhanced extracellular matrix synthesis, cell adhesion, metabolism, and response to stress processes that take place in the early steps of chondrogenesis. Our strategy has allowed an additional insight into both specific protein function and the mechanisms of chondrogenesis and has provided a panel of protein markers of this differentiation process in hBMSCs. © 2012 American Chemical Society.


Rocha B.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Calamia V.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Casas V.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona | Carrascal M.,Institute Investigaciones Biomedicas Of Barcelona | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2014

Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) can be triggered to differentiate toward chondrocytes and thus harbor great therapeutic potential for the repair of cartilage defects in osteoarthritis (OA) and other articular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the chondrogenesis process are still in part unknown. In this work, we followed a double-stable isotope labeling by amino acids in cell culture (SILAC) strategy to evaluate the quantitative modulation of the secretome of stem cells isolated from bone marrow (hBMSCs) during the first steps of their chondrogenic differentiation. Analysis by LC-ESI-MS/MS led to the identification of 221 proteins with a reported extracellular localization. Most of them were characteristic of cartilage extracellular matrix, and 34 showed statistically significant quantitative alterations during chondrogenesis. These include, among others, cartilage markers such as Proteoglycan 4 or COMP, anticatabolic markers (TIMP1), reported markers of cartilage development (Versican), and a suggested marker of chondrogenesis, CRAC1. Altogether, our work demonstrates the usefulness of secretome analysis for understanding the mechanisms responsible for cartilage matrix formation, and it reports a panel of extracellular markers potentially useful for the evaluation of tissue development in cell therapy- or tissue engineering-based approaches for cartilage repair. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Magalhaes J.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Crawford A.,University of Sheffield | Hatton P.V.,University of Sheffield | Blanco F.J.,Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa | Roman J.S.,CIBER ISCIII
Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers | Year: 2013

Poly[2-ethyl(2-pyrrolidone) methacrylate] and hyaluronic acid hydrogels were synthesized via free-radical polymerization of 2-ethyl(2-pyrrolidone) methacrylate, hyaluronic acid and different crosslinkers. The ability of these hydrogels to induce apatite formation by incubating in simulated body fluid was investigated. The effect of hyaluronic acid content, crosslinkers and immersion time on mineralization behaviour and interface properties as well as the metabolic activity of different cultured cells were also determined. The bioactivity of the poly[2-ethyl(2-pyrrolidone) methacrylate] and hyaluronic acid hydrogels along with cell viability data indicated their potential application in bone tissue engineering. © The Author(s) 2013.


PubMed | Complutense University of Madrid, ProteoRed ISCIII, CIBER ISCIII, CSIC - Biological Research Center and 3 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of proteomics | Year: 2015

The Spanish Chromosome 16 consortium is integrated in the global initiative Human Proteome Project, which aims to develop an entire map of the proteins encoded following a gene-centric strategy (C-HPP) in order to make progress in the understanding of human biology in health and disease (B/D-HPP). Chromosome 16 contains many genes encoding proteins involved in the development of a broad range of diseases, which have a significant impact on the health care system. The Spanish HPP consortium has developed a B/D platform with five programs focused on selected medical areas: cancer, obesity, cardiovascular, infectious and rheumatic diseases. Each of these areas has a clinical leader associated to a proteomic investigator with the responsibility to get a comprehensive understanding of the proteins encoded by Chromosome 16 genes. Proteomics strategies have enabled great advances in the area of rheumatic diseases, particularly in osteoarthritis, with studies performed on joint cells, tissues and fluids.In this manuscript we describe how the Spanish HPP-16 consortium has developed a B/D platform with five programs focused on selected medical areas: cancer, obesity, cardiovascular, infectious and rheumatic diseases. Each of these areas has a clinical leader associated to a proteomic investigator with the responsibility to get a comprehensive understanding of the proteins encoded by Chromosome 16 genes. We show how the Proteomic strategy has enabled great advances in the area of rheumatic diseases, particularly in osteoarthritis, with studies performed on joint cells, tissues and fluids. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: HUPO 2014.


PubMed | Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa and CIBER ISCIII
Type: | Journal: Biochimica et biophysica acta | Year: 2016

Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) is a technique used to visualize the spatial distribution of biomolecules such as peptides, proteins, lipids or other organic compounds by their molecular masses. Among the different MSI strategies, MALDI-MSI provides a sensitive and label-free approach for imaging of a wide variety of protein or peptide biomarkers from the surface of tissue sections, being currently used in an increasing number of biomedical applications such as biomarker discovery and tissue classification. In the field of rheumatology, MALDI-MSI has been applied to date for the analysis of joint tissues such as synovial membrane or cartilage. This review summarizes the studies and key achievements obtained using MALDI-MSI to increase understanding on rheumatic pathologies and to describe potential diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers of these diseases. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: MALDI Imaging, edited by Dr. Corinna Henkel and Prof. Peter Hoffmann.


PubMed | Inibic Hospital Universitario Of runa
Type: | Journal: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.) | Year: 2016

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) secrete a large variety of proteins and factors, which shape the secretome. These proteins participate in multiple cellular functions, including the promotion of regenerative processes in the damaged tissue. Secretomes derived from either undifferentiated MSCs or these cells undergoing osteogenic, chondrogenic, or adipogenic differentiation have been characterized using different liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based quantitative proteomic approaches. In this chapter, we describe the use of the Stable Isotope Labeling by Amino Acids in Cell culture (SILAC) strategy for the identification and relative quantification of the mesenchymal stromal cell secretome, specifically during chondrogenesis.

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