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Sunnyvale, CA, United States

Patent
Infinera Corporation | Date: 2015-04-03

Consistent with the present disclosure, active devices, such as lasers, optical amplifiers, and photodiodes, are integrated on a first substrate, and other optical devices, such as passive devices including polarization rotators and polarization beam combiners, are provided on a second substrate. An array of lenses is provided between the two substrates to provide a low loss optical connection from the first substrate to the second substrate. In addition, the orientation or position of the lenses can be readily controlled with Microelectromechnical System (MEMS) actuators so that the light can be directed precisely to a desired optical element, such as a waveguide. Consistent with a further aspect of the present disclosure, the lenses may be controlled to be misaligned by varying degrees in order to control the amount of light that is supplied from one substrate to another. Accordingly, the lenses may act as variable optical attenuators to provide uniform optical power levels, for example, or any desired power distribution.


Patent
Infinera Corporation | Date: 2015-04-29

A device may include a substrate. The device may include a carrier mounted to the substrate. The device may include a transmitter photonic integrated circuit (PIC) mounted on the carrier. The transmitter PIC may include a plurality of lasers that generate an optical signal when a voltage or current is applied to one of the plurality of lasers. The device may include a first microelectromechanical structure (MEMS) mounted to the substrate. The first MEMS may include a first set of lenses. The device may include a planar lightwave circuit (PLC) mounted to the substrate. The PLC may be optically coupled to the plurality of lasers by the first set of lenses of the first MEMS. The device may include a second MEMS, mounted to the substrate, that may include a second set of lenses, which may be configured to optically couple the PLC to an optical fiber.


Patent
Infinera Corporation | Date: 2014-08-05

An apparatus including a bridge member and a clamp is disclosed. The bridge member is positioned in a first plane and has a substrate with a first surface and a second surface; and a plurality of distinct conductive pillars formed on the second surface of the substrate. The clamp has a body, a proximal end and a distal end. The body is positioned in a second plane above the first plane with the second plane being within 2 degrees of parallel to the first plane. The proximal end is positioned along the second plane; and the distal end has a plurality of prongs. The distal end is offset from the second plane in a direction toward the bridge member such that each prong contacts the first surface of the substrate.


A low-density parity-check (LDPC) decoder may receive LDPC coded data. The LDPC decoder may perform a decoding iteration associated with decoding the LDPC coded data. The decoding iteration may be performed by processing a group of layers. Each layer may include a corresponding set of check node elements, and may be processed by causing each check node element, of the set of check node elements corresponding to the layer, to update a set of variable node elements, connected to the check node element and associated with the LDPC coded data, based on a check node function associated with the check node element. The decoding iteration may be performed such that each layer is processed in parallel, and such that each check node element updates the corresponding set of variable node elements in parallel. The LDPC decoder may provide a result of performing the decoding iteration.


An optical receiver may receive input signals carried by sub-carriers, and may apply test phases to each input signal. The optical receiver may determine error values, associated with test phases, for each input signal. The optical receiver may calculate updated metric values, associated with the test phases, for a particular input signal, based on a first error value and a second error value. The first error value may be associated with a first sub-carrier, and the second error value may be associated with a second sub-carrier. The optical receiver may compare the updated metric values associated with the particular input signal, and may determine a test phase that represents an estimated phase, associated with the particular input signal, based on the comparison. The optical receiver may determine a phase estimate value based on the test phase, and may provide the phase estimate value to modify the particular input signal.

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