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Barmeyer C.,Institute of Clinical Physiology | Erko I.,Institute of Clinical Physiology | Fromm A.,Institute of Clinical Physiology | Bojarski C.,Rheumatology and Infectious Diseases | And 9 more authors.
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases | Year: 2015

Background: Lymphocytic colitis (LC) causes watery diarrhea. We aimed to identify mechanisms of altered Na+ absorption and regulatory inputs in patients with LC by examining the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) function as the predominant Na+ transport system in human distal colon. Methods: Epithelial Na+ channel function and regulation was analyzed in biopsies from sigmoid colon of patients with LC and in rat distal colon in Ussing chambers. ENaC-subunit expression was measured by real-time PCR and RNA sequencing. Correction factors for subepithelial resistance contributions were determined by impedance spectroscopy. Upstream regulators in LC were determined by RNA sequencing. Results: Epithelial Na+ channel-mediated electrogenic Na+ transport was inhibited despite aldosterone stimulation in human sigmoid colon of patients with LC. The increase in γ-ENaC mRNA expression in response to aldosterone was MEK1/2-dependently reduced in LC, since it could be restored toward normal by MEK1/2 inhibition through U0126. Parallel experiments for identification of signaling in rat distal colon established MEK1/2 to be activated by a cytokine cocktail of TNFα, IFNγ, and IL-15, which were identified as the most important regulators in the upstream regulator analysis in LC. Conclusions: In the sigmoid colon of patients with LC, the key effector cytokines TNFα, IFNγ, and IL-15 inhibited γ-ENaC upregulation in response to aldosterone through a MEK1/2-mediated pathway. This prevents ENaC to reach its maximum transport capacity and results in Na+ malabsorption which contributes to diarrhea. © 2015 Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Inc. Source

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