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Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Bellaud G.,Center Hospitalier University | Gheit T.,Infections and Cancer Biology Group | Pugin A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Pretet J.L.,University of Franche Comte | And 4 more authors.
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology | Year: 2014

Background Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors are associated with an increased risk of infections and with a still debatable risk of skin cancer. Furthermore, cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be involved in skin cancer.Results Our data confirm the high prevalence of β-HPV infection in healthy skin of psoriasis patients (68.9%), with no significant difference between untreated patients (64.6%), patients treated with MTX (76.2%) and patients treated with anti-TNF-α agents (72.9%). The mean number of different HPV types and the distribution of HPV types were similar in different groups of patients. Moreover, in prospectively treated patients, we did not observe any change in the HPV DNA prevalence in the distribution of HPV types and the number of HPV types after a mean duration of treatment of 332 ± 39.8 days. Conclusion Despite the small number of patients in our cohort, our results are quite encouraging in view of the increased use of anti-TNF-α agents in different auto inflammatory immune diseases. © 2013 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.Objectives s Our primary © 2014 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.Objectives was to assess the HPV DNA prevalence in psoriasis patients treated with TNF inhibitors and the secondary Objectives was to assess the same parameter before and during treatment.Methods Plucked eyebrow hairs were collected from 151 consecutive patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis, including 48 patients treated with anti-TNF-α agents, 21 patients treated with methotrexate (MTX) and 82 patients with no previous systemic treatment. Among them, 38 patients were subsequently treated with either MTX or anti-TNF-α agents. HPV genotyping was performed using the HPV type-specific E7 PCR bead-based multiplex allowing the detection of 27 genus-α types, 25 genus-β types, 16 genus-γ types and one single genus-μ type. Follow-up provided a total of 972.7 person-months of overall exposure for patients treated with TNF inhibitors and 326.9 person-months for patients treated with MTX. © 2013 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. Source

Anantharaman D.,International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC | Gheit T.,Infections and Cancer Biology Group | Waterboer T.,International Agency for Research on Cancer | Waterboer T.,German Cancer Center | And 27 more authors.
Journal of the National Cancer Institute | Year: 2013

Background Human papillomavirus (HPV) is causally implicated in a subset of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract (UADT).MethodsAssociations between type-specific HPV antibodies were examined among 1496 UADT cancer case subjects and 1425 control subjects by estimating odds ratios (ORs) in logistic regression analyses adjusted for potential confounders. The agreement between serology and tumor markers of HPV infection, including presence of HPV DNA and p16 expression, were examined in a subset of tumors.ResultsHPV16 L1 seropositivity was associated with increased risk of oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancer (OR = 1.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.03 to 3.65; OR = 8.60, 95% CI = 5.21 to 14.20, respectively). HPV16 E6 antibodies were present in 30.2% of oropharyngeal case subjects and only 0.8% of control subjects (OR = 132.0, 95% CI = 65.29 to 266.86). Combined seropositivity to HPV16 E6 and E7 was rare (n = 1 of 1425 control subjects). An agreement of 67% was observed between HPV16 E6 serology and the corresponding presence of an HPV-related cancer: four of six HPV DNA-positive/p16-overexpressing tumors were HPV16 E6 antibody positive. An HPV16 independent association was observed for HPV18 and oropharyngeal cancer (OR = 8.14, 95% CI = 2.21 to 29.99 for HPV18 E6 seropositivity) and HPV6 and laryngeal cancer (OR = 3.25, 95% CI = 1.46 to 7.24 for HPV6 E7 seropositivity). ConclusionsThese results confirm an important role for HPV16 infection in oropharyngeal cancer. HPV16 E6 antibodies are strongly associated with HPV16-related oropharyngeal cancers. Continuing efforts are needed to consider both HPV serology and p16 staining as biomarkers relevant to the etiology and natural history of HPV16-related oropharyngeal tumors. These results also support a marginal role for HPV18 in oropharyngeal cancer and HPV6 in laryngeal cancer. © 2013 The Author. Source

Anantharaman D.,Genetic Epidemiology Group | Gheit T.,Infections and Cancer Biology Group | Waterboer T.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | Halec G.,German Institute of Human Nutrition | And 34 more authors.
Cancer Research | Year: 2014

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections have been implicated in lung carcinogenesis, but causal associations remain uncertain. We evaluated a potential causal role for HPV infections in lung cancer through an analysis involving serology, tumor DNA, RNA, and p16 protein expression. Association between type-specific HPV antibodies and risk of lung cancer was examined among 3,083 cases and 4,328 controls in two case-control studies (retrospective) and one nested case-control study (prospective design). Three hundred and thirty-four available tumors were subjected to pathologic evaluation and subsequent HPV genotyping following stringent conditions to detect all high-risk and two low-riskHPVtypes. AllHPVDNA-positive tumors were further tested for the expression of p16 protein and type-specific HPV mRNA. On the basis of the consistency of the results, although HPV11 and HPV31 E6 antibodies were associated with lung cancer risk in the retrospective study, no association was observed in the prospective design. Presence of type-specific antibodies correlated poorly with the presence of the corresponding HPVDNAin the tumor. Although nearly 10% of the lung tumors were positive for any HPVDNA (7% for HPV16 DNA), none expressed the viral oncogenes. No association was observed between HPV antibodies or DNA and lung cancer survival. In conclusion, we found no supportive evidence for the hypothesized causal association between HPV infections and lung cancer. © 2014 AACR. Source

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