Yoto T.Y.,Shizuoka Industrial Research Institute |
Yoto T.Y.,Chiba University |
Sakuragawa S.,Shizuoka Industrial Research Institute |
Suzuki T.-A.,Shizuoka Industrial Research Institute |
And 4 more authors.
Journal of Physiological Anthropology | Year: 2010
To elucidate how aging affects the muscular load required for pulling up pants-style disposable diapers, and why some elderly people cannot pull up the rear of their disposable diapers well, we evaluated the electromyogram (EMG) of 8 young subjects (21.5±1.5 years) and 7 elderly subjects (71.6±6.1 years). EMG was measured for four muscles-biceps brachii, deltoid, brachioradialis, and flexor carpi ulnaris. We evaluated the muscular load during a series of motions for pulling a disposable diaper up at the front and the rear of the body using an EMG-Video Synchronous Split Method. The analysis revealed that the front and the rear integral EMG of elderly subjects were both significantly larger than those of young subjects for all four muscles. For the deltoid and flexor carpi ulnaris muscles, the maximum amplitude of EMG when pulling up the rear of the disposable diapers was significantly larger in the elderly subjects than the young ones. These results suggest that the muscular load involved in pulling up the rear of disposable diapers may increase due to changes in body habitus caused by aging. Since muscular strength decreases with age, it seems likely that the elderly individuals will eventually be unable to pull up the rear of their diapers.