Buttress A.J.,Industrial Microwave Processing Research Group |
Jones D.A.,Industrial Microwave Processing Research Group |
Dodds C.,Industrial Microwave Processing Research Group |
Dimitrakis G.,Industrial Microwave Processing Research Group |
And 3 more authors.
Cement and Concrete Research | Year: 2015
Concrete blocks supplied by the UK Sellafield nuclear site were treated with microwave energy using a 15 kW system operating at 2.45 GHz. The effect of aggregate type (Whinstone, Gravel and Limestone); standoff distance; and effect of surface coating were studied to determine their influence on the systems performance in terms of mass and area removal rates and evaluate the controllability of the process. All blocks were scabbled successfully, with mass and area removal rates averaging 11.3 g s- 1 and 3 cm s- 1 respectively on treating large areas to a depth of 25 mm. The use of a Kevlar barrier between the block and applicator was found to significantly reduce the generation of dust as only 1.6% of the scabbled mass was in the < 106 μm - that generally considered to be airborne. Importantly Brazilian disc testing of the scabbled block showed that the process did not adversely affect structural properties of the test blocks after treatment. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ltd.