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Chauhan V.,Indira Gandhi Medical College
The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India | Year: 2010

Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla receives referred patients of pyrexia with multi-organ dysfunction during the monsoon season from all over the state of Himachal Pradesh. Most common etiologies of pyrexia are enteric fever, scrub typhus, malaria, viral, tubercular, and some patients of dengue fever from adjoining states. Leptospirosis has not yet been reported in sub-Himalayan state of Himachal Pradesh, India. We present here a case of leptospirosis presenting as ARDS, proven on IgM Elisa and confirmed by PCR. Leptospirosis is a new etiology in this region for patients presenting with pyrexia and ARDS.

Behl R.K.,Indira Gandhi Medical College
The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Asthma is a major public health problem worldwide. However, there is limited data on asthma prevalence among school children in Shimla. The present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of asthma in Shimla city and also to examine the different factors influencing its occurrence. METHODS: This was a questionnaire-based study (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood [ISAAC] protocol) carried out in four randomly selected schools in the city of Shimla. The questionnaire was pre-tested in 50 school children. The age group included in the study was 6-13 years. The questionnaire was distributed to all the children (n = 1136). A response rate of 89.5% was achieved. The socio-economic status was determined on the basis of monthly income (cumulative square root value method). The ISAAC questionnaire was given standard scores. Various factors influencing the prevalence of asthma, such as socio-economic status, history of asthma and other allergic disorders in the family, type of cooking fuel used, history of active and passive smoking were elucidated from the history. RESULTS: Overall prevalence of asthma in our study was found to be 2.3 percent. Boys had a higher prevalence (3.1%) than girls (1.4%). We found a significant association between asthma prevalence and family history of asthma and other atopic manifestations. There was no significant association of socio-economic factors and exposure to smoking with prevalence of asthma. CONCLUSION: In the present study, the prevalence of bronchial asthma in school children in the age group of 6-13 years is 2.3 percent.

Sharma M.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Sehgal R.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research | Fomda B.A.,Sher i Kashmir Institute of Medical science | Malhotra A.,Indira Gandhi Medical College | Malla N.,Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases | Year: 2013

Background:Cystic echinococcosis (CE) caused by the Echinococcus granulosus, is a major public health problem worldwide, including India. The different genotypes of E. granulosus responsible for human hydatidosis have been reported from endemic areas throughout the world. However, the genetic characterization of E. granulosus infecting the human population in India is lacking. The aim of study was to ascertain the genotype(s) of the parasite responsible for human hydatidosis in North India.Methodology/Principal Findings:To study the transmission patterns of E. granulosus, genotypic analysis was performed on hydatid cysts obtained from 32 cystic echinococcosis (CE) patients residing in 7 different states of North India. Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit1 (cox1) sequencing was done for molecular identification of the isolates. Most of the CE patients (30/32) were found to be infected with hydatid cyst of either G3 (53.1%) or G1 (40.62%) genotype and one each of G5 (cattle strain) and G6 (camel strain) genotype.Conclusions/Significance:These findings demonstrate the zoonotic potential of G1 (sheep strain) and G3 (buffalo strain) genotypes of E. granulosus as these emerged as predominant genotypes infecting the humans in India. In addition to this, the present study reports the first human CE case infected with G5 genotype (cattle strain) in an Asian country and presence of G6 genotype (camel strain) in India. The results may have important implications in the planning of control strategies for human hydatidosis. © 2013 Sharma et al.

Bhardwaj R.,Indira Gandhi Medical College
Indian Heart Journal | Year: 2012

Purpose of study: Fibroids are commonest benign tumour of the uterus. It presents with bleeding per vagina in most of the cases. Surgical treatment consists of myomectomy or hysterectomy with or without salpingo oophrectomy, with its inherent morbidity, prolonged hospital stay and psychosocial problems. Surgery is not the best option especially in unmarried and nullipara. Materials and methods: Thirty-five patients were subjected to uterine artery embolisation (UAE). Mean age was 35. 51 ± 7. 36 years. Two patients were suffering from advanced carcinoma of cervix, 32 had fibroid of uterus, one had endometriosis. Three patients were unmarried, three did not have any issue, three had associated haemodynamically significant cardiac disorders, one had polycystic renal disease, and one had hypernephroma. Four patients had multiple fibroids. The UAE was done through contralateral femoral artery puncture, bilaterally, with the help of Judkin's right coronary catheter. Ultrasound was repeated after 3 months. Results: The UAE was successful in all patients. Mean procedural time was 75 minutes. Hospital stay was 1 day only. Bleeding stopped in all 35 patients. One patient had recurrence of bleeding after 2 months and underwent surgery. Fibroids disappeared in eight patients, decreased in size by > 75% in 11 patients, and by 50-75% in six patients. Five patients did not report back with ultrasound. Two patients had normal delivery after UAE. Conclusion: Uterine artery embolisation is effective therapy to stop uterine bleeding. It is effective in controlling the symptoms in uterine fibroids and also decreases the size of fibroids. Hospital stay is only 1 day. © 2012, Cardiological Society of India. All rights reserved.

Kapila P.,Indira Gandhi Medical College
Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine | Year: 2011

Spontaneous hemoperitoneum in second trimester of pregnancy is a very rare but lethal condition which demands prompt diagnosis and management for the survival of both mother and fetus. A 21-year old primigravida woman was presented at 29 weeks of pregnancy with acute abdominal pain and hypovolumic shock. In a District Hospital patient was managed conservatively and referred but was brought dead at tertiary level hospital. On autopsy gross hemoperitoneum was found without any injury and uterine artery found ruptured against the suspicion of brutal beating by the relatives of husband. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

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