Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Mumbai, India

The Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research , Mumbai is an advanced research institution established by The Reserve Bank of India in 1987 on the occasion of its golden jubilee. The Institute's mission is to carry out research on developmental issues from a multi-disciplinary point of view. It has one of the largest Social science libraries in Asia. The institute has an M.Phil.Ph.D. students and 45 M.Sc students.Starting as a purely research-oriented institution, the Institute quickly developed into a full-fledged teaching cum research organisation when in 1990 it launched a Ph.D. programme in the field of development studies. The objective of the Ph.D. programme is to produce analysts with diverse disciplinary background who can address issues of economics, energy and environmental policy. In 1995, an M. Phil programme was started to help meet the growing need of the country for more Development Economists; this mission to address development issues has been the driving force and motivation behind the growth of the Institute.IGIDR also has a full fledged M.Sc. programme which draws applicants from all over India. This programme offers only 25 seats. Wikipedia.

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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: KBBE-2007-1-4-09 | Award Amount: 1.77M | Year: 2008

The project offers a qualitative and quantitative analysis of future developments in Indian supply, demand and trade for the main agricultural commodities as well as developments in the food value chain. Working tools are improved and used to evaluate the impact of trade and agricultural policies, structural changes on the Indian agrifood system as well as on world markets. More specifically, the project will include the following actions: Design of an analytical framework for the analysis of future trade and agricultural policy developments (including trade agreements) on supply, demand and trade for the main agricultural commodities in India. Initial suggestions for analysis are cereals, pulses, vegetable oils, cotton, sugar, dairy, meat and fish, fruits and vegetables. Identify the key processes of change in the Indian and global economy and their impacts on the agrifood sector of India. This serves as a basis for understanding future trends. Update, test and improve modelling tools and value chain analysis that will be used as building blocks in this project. Define indicators and develop databases for understanding and forecasting the impacts of policies on future developments of agriculture in India up to 2020. This will be done at regional and national levels, taking into account international trade. Implementation of tools to simulate the impacts of domestic and international trade policy changes and structural changes in the agrifood sector on the Indian agricultural sectors as well as on world markets, with a specific focus on the EU. Dissemination of our findings and interaction with the research and policy community, as well as the key stakeholders in the agrifood sector, both in India and the EU.

Pandey V.L.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research | Chaubal A.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Biomass and Bioenergy | Year: 2011

Energy is essential to attain the quality of life and economic prosperity in a society. In the rural areas of India, cooking dominates the aggregate consumption of energy. This energy demand is mostly met by biomass fuels, which have many associated inherent disadvantages. Hence, it is important to understand the decision making process in rural households regarding the choice of cooking fuels. For this purpose, household information using the 61st round of National Sample Survey is analyzed for the rural parts of India. The logistic regression model is used to explain the determinants of clean fuel use for cooking purposes. The study shows that number of educated females between 10 and 50 years of age, average household education index, regular salary, and monthly per capita consumption expenditure have a positive and significant impact on probability of using clean cooking fuels, whereas possessing a Below Poverty Line ration card, belonging to reserved caste categories, family size and size of farm land have a significant negative linkage. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Narayanan S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2014

This article analyses the implications of the National Food Security Act for India's commitments under the WTO Agreement on Agriculture in the context of widespread concern that they might be mutually incompatible. An analysis of support to rice and wheat for the period 1995-2012 suggests that it is possible to leverage existing provisions in the Agreement to accommodate the current levels of operation. While India should negotiate to retain the fl exibility afforded in the Agreement and argue on specifi c provisions, it might not be necessary to seek special protection to enable the Act.

Reddy B.S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2015

Abstract Affordable and accessible modern energy services are a pre-requisite for development - economic, environmental or social - and are crucial to reduce poverty and sustain growth. Hence, there is a need to promote the uptake of modern energy. The present study investigates the issue of accessibility of modern energy services in relation to three indicators - availability, affordability and reliability - and suggest practical ways of evaluating them, and identifies various strategies to provide them to the needy households in a cost-effective manner. Promoting the development of small rural enterprises is a key contributor to achieve this goal and a central aspect in this promotion is the large-scale diffusion of Sustainable Energy Technologies, which provide affordable and reliable services. The suggested framework helps the policymakers to identify technologies that are better than others under the present conditions. Implementing and scaling up the energy demand requires collaboration among various actors like households, local bodies, energy utilities, governments, entrepreneurs, research organisations, non-governmental organisations, community groups, financial institutions, and international agencies. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Singh A.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Population Research and Policy Review | Year: 2011

Basic services which are essential for the overall development of a child should not depend on circumstances such as caste, religion, gender, place of birth, or other parental characteristics, which are beyond his/her control. This paper uses two rounds of Indian National Family Health Surveys and concepts of Inequality of Opportunity and Human Opportunity Indices to measure inequality arising out of unequal coverage of full immunization and minimum nutrition for Indian children. The results suggest overall high level of inequality of opportunity with substantial geographical variations. Changes in inequality of opportunity in the two services during 1992-1993 to 2005-2006 were mixed with some geographical regions outperforming others. The findings also call for substantial policy revisions if the goal of universal full immunization and minimum nutrition has to be achieved. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Mishra S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2014

The proposed Rangarajan method on measurement of poverty in India borrows elements from three earlier methods - those of Alagh, Lakdawala and Tendulkar. An important departure in the Rangarajan method is to compute the poverty line commodity basket by combining items from two fractile groups to address the relatively higher expenses for some essential non-food items. This, while being statistically plausible, poses a behavioural dilemma, as there will be no fractile group that will satisfy both. As an alternative, we suggest dual poverty lines where the first is computed on the basis of average calorie, protein and fat requirements which are region- and state-specific and the second uses the combined median fractile group after adjusting the distribution with price differentials. © 2014, Economic and Political Weekly. All rights reserved.

Sudhakara Reddy B.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Energy Conversion and Management | Year: 2013

This paper develops a new systematic classification and explanation of barriers and drivers to energy efficiency. Using an 'actor oriented approach', the paper tries to identify (a) the drivers and barriers that affect the success or failure of energy efficiency investments and (b) the institutions that are responsible for the emergence of these barriers and drivers. This taxonomy aims to synthesise ideas from three broad perspectives, viz., micro (project/end user), meso (organization), and macro (state, market, civil society). The paper develops a systematic framework by looking at the issues from the perspective of different actors. This not only aids the understanding of barriers and drivers; it also provides scope for appropriate policy interventions. This focus will help policy-makers evaluate to what extent future interventions may be warranted and how one can judge the success of particular interventions. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Reddy B.S.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
Renewable Energy | Year: 2016

The transition to a clean and green energy system is an economic and social transformation that is exciting as well as challenging. The world today faces a formidable challenge in transforming its economy from being driven primarily by fossil fuels, which are non-renewable and a major source of global pollution, to becoming an economy that can function effectively using renewable energy sources and by achieving high energy efficiency levels. In the present study, a green economy scenario is developed for India using a bottom-up approach. The results show that significant resource savings can be achieved by 2030 through the introduction of energy-efficient and green technologies. The building of a green energy economy can also serve another purpose: to develop new 'pathways out of poverty' by creating more than 10 million jobs and thus raise the standard of living of low-income people. The differences between the baseline and green energy scenarios are not so much the consequence of the diffusion of various technologies. It is the result of the active roles of different actors and the drivers that become dominant. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.

This paper assesses the variable impact of participation in high value agriculture through contract farming arrangements in southern India. Using survey data for 474 farmers in four commodity sectors, gherkins, papaya marigold and broiler, an endogenous switching model is used to estimate net profits from participation. Findings suggest that average treatments effect vary widely across contract commodities. Papaya and broiler contracting offer clear net gains for participants whereas marigold contracting leaves participants worse off. For gherkins, while contracting holds net gains for participating farmers overall, this is true of contracts with some firms but not others. The standard deviations of point estimates of treatment effects are quite large indicating variability in profit gains even within the same commodity sectors. Thus, notwithstanding the sign of average treatment effects, contract farming arrangements have diverse impacts on income for individual farmers and these could have implications for sustained participation of farmers in high value agriculture. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Sudhakara Reddy B.,Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research | Nathan H.S.K.,Indian Institute of Science
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013

There is a growing consensus that universalization of modern energy services is central to reducing major elements of poverty and hunger, to increase literacy and education, and to improve health care, employment opportunities, and lives of women and children. In India, as per 2011 census, over 700 million people lack access to modern energy services for lighting, cooking, water pumping and other productive purposes. Devoid of these services people, mostly women, are forced to spend significant amounts of their time and effort on subsistence activities like firewood collection, carrying these head load for miles, and then burning these hard earned fuels inefficiently in traditional chullas. These adversely affect the health and standard of living for women and act as a barrier to gender development (here 'gender' means women unless otherwise specified). Although the links between gender inequity, poverty, and energy deprivation have been studied by many, not many practical solutions to the above problems have emerged. The present paper explores the nexus among gender-energy-poverty, highlights areas of gender concern, and suggests actions. We analyze how women from rural areas and low income households are at the receiving ends of energy poverty. We then analyze the roles women as an important stakeholders in universalizing modern energy services. We show how women self-help groups can be a vital link in large-scale diffusion of energy-efficient and renewable technologies. The paper concludes with policy pointers for sustainable development and gender empowerment through energy solutions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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