Indian Jute Industries Research Association

Kolkata, India

Indian Jute Industries Research Association

Kolkata, India

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Rao G.V.,Koneru Lakshmaiah College of Engineering | Rao G.V.,Sai Master Geoenvironmental Services Pvt Ltd. | Anuradha G.,Sai Master Geoenvironmental Services Pvt Ltd. | Ghosh M.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association
GA 2012 - 5th Asian Regional Conference on Geosynthetics: Geosynthetics for Sustainable Adaptation to Climate Change | Year: 2012

While the use of jute in packaging, home décor etc. is well known, the use of jute in geotextiles is a largely unexplored area although it can offer vast benefits to the indigenous industry and agri-economy overall. The vast amount of research and development conducted on jute geotextiles (JGT) over the years has been briefly highlighted. In previous studies conducted on JGT, the emphasis was frequently on assessing the suitability of a particular type of JGT for a specific application. This paper proposes a shift in approach; from that of a Supply chain bringing together all the stakeholders to a Demand network using information systems. This will add 'value' to JGT and help them move up the value chain thus increasing profitability for all stakeholders and also be socially and environmentally sustainable.


Biswas D.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Chakrabarti S.K.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Saha S.G.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Chatterjee S.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association
Fibers and Polymers | Year: 2015

Jute fibres are conventionally treated with Jute Batching Oil (JBO), a petroleum based fibre lubricant prior to its processing into yarns. The typical kerosenic smell of JBO seriously affects the consumers’ acceptance of jute products particularly value-added hometextiles application. Eventually to invade into hometextiles market, jute products need to avoid such typical odour, though under current practice use of JBO is an integral part of jute fibre processing. To find out an alternate solution, innovative approach of durable aroma/fragrance finishing on jute based textiles has been thought of for masking its bad odour permanently in regards to high-end applications. The present study envisages development of Jasmine oil containing aroma microcapsules from Melamine-Formaldehyde and application of aroma microcapsules on jute-cotton blended fabric in order to impart durable aroma finish. Suitable cross-linker (binder) has also been identified for attaching microcapsule effectively onto ligno-cellulosic textile surface. Effect of partial de-lignification of jute fabric has been examined to improve the effectiveness of binder as well as durability of aroma finishing. Characterizations of aroma microcapsules and washing durability of aroma finish have been carried out using both analytical and human sensory evaluation methods. © 2015, The Korean Fiber Society and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Paul P.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Sanyal P.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Chowdhury S.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Mukhopadhyay G.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | And 2 more authors.
Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research | Year: 2015

The influence of weft-way fabric strength and stitch density on the seam strength of B. Twill jute bag has been studied. Study reveals that a correlation exists among seam strength, weft-way fabric strength and stitch density of B. Twill jute bags sewn with herakle stitches. A regression equation for seam strength as a function of two factors namely weft-way fabric strength and stitch density has been established. © 2015, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.


Choudhury P.K.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Sanyal T.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association
9th International Conference on Geosynthetics - Geosynthetics: Advanced Solutions for a Challenging World, ICG 2010 | Year: 2010

Jute geotextile (JGT) is a natural eco-friendly and biodegradable high potential civil engineering material. Its efficacy in mitigating soil related problems is established and the results are documented. JGT has a good potential in erosion control, strengthening of road and railway embankment etc. Railway tracks when constructed on earthen embankments with low bearing capacity and the side slopes unprotected, cause high degree of settlement and lateral dispersion. Ultimate effect is restricted speed and even derailment of trains. One such serious problem encountered by Eastern Railway at Howrah - Burdwan chord line was solved by using JGT in 2001. Woven and nonwoven JGT was used for separation, filtration and drainage purpose while the open mesh woven JGT was used for erosion control of side slope supported by bio-engineering solution. The performance was studied by railway for 5 years and the results were highly encouraging. The degree of settlement was reduced from 70 mm to 13 mm. Based on the satisfactory performance of JGT Indian Railway is using this natural, eco-friendly biodegradable material in large scale in some other problematic stretches where similar nature of soil related problems persist. It is once again established that biodegradability of JGT is not a technical deterrent in geotechnical application.


Chakrabarti S.K.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Saha S.G.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Basu S.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Mukhopadhyay G.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Natural Fibers | Year: 2016

A novel tapioca starch (TS)-based energy efficient natural sizing technology for sizing jute yarn was developed. The performance of the developed formulation was tested in a laboratory at pilot scale and subsequently validated through industrial-level shop floor trials vis-à-vis the conventional tamarind kernel powder (TKP)-based sizing. Unlike TKP sizing, the developed natural size paste formulation did not require “cooking” at elevated temperature, and could be maintained at room temperature in sow box. In addition, TS-based sized yarns could be dried at lower temperature. TS-sized jute yarns showed better abrasion resistance, and slightly better tensile strength values when compared with conventional TKP-sized yarns. TS-based sized jute yarns exhibited better elastic recovery compared with TKP-sized yarns under cyclic loading. The sizing effluents were found to be drastically reduced in TS-based recipe showing lower Biological Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand. Using TS-based sizing formulation, industrial trials conducted at shop floor demonstrated reduction in warp breakage, higher energy efficiency, cost competitiveness, and lower eco-burden. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Biswas D.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Chakrabarti S.K.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | De S.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Paral R.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association
Journal of Natural Fibers | Year: 2016

Ramie fiber represents almost 25–28% gum in its decorticated form. Unlike other common lignocellulosic bast fibers, e.g., jute, kenaf, etc., ramie is difficult to ret naturally. However, effective removal of gum from ramie determines its appropriate end-uses. In the present study, an eco-friendly degumming technology has been explained where pectinolytic and hemi cellulytic enzymes (pectinase, hemicellulase) in pure form have been mixed in a synergistic ratio to develop a unique ramie degumming formulation. Degumming of ramie with this new enzyme formulation has been investigated and the process is optimized considering loss in weight, tensile properties of degummed ramie fiber, and economy of processing. Residual gum content of 5.36% has been achieved at comparatively lower enzyme concentration (2.0% on wt. of fiber) under ambient temperatures (28–35°C) in a considerably less time (24 h). Tensile strength (17.85 g/tex) and corresponding fineness (0.74 tex) of degummed ramie fiber obtained under optimized degumming process substantiate its suitability in subsequent textile applications. Appearance and aesthetics of eco-degummed ramie fiber improved significantly (scanning electron microscopic pictures), which are beneficial for its commercial exploitation on industrial scale. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Chakrabarti S.K.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Saha S.G.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Paul P.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | Dewan A.R.,Indian Jute Industries Research Association | And 4 more authors.
Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research | Year: 2016

In this paper, studies on treatment of jute geotextile with isothiazolinone and fluorocarbon derivatives to impart antimicrobial and water repellent property have been reported for its improved end use specific performance. It is observed that the treated jute geotextile possesses higher durability in water as well as soil-water ambience. © 2016, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.

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